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BELC - 16th Day

Verb - क्रिया - An Overview

Use of Helping Verbs

We have seen above examples of Helping Verb. Now we are to learn about:

1. What is Ist person, 2nd person, 3rd person? 1. पहला व्यक्ति, दूसरा व्यक्ति, तीसरा व्यक्ति क्या है?
2. Which helping verb is used with 1st/2nd/3rd person? 2. किस व्यक्ति के साथ कौन सी सहायक क्रिया इस्तेमाल होनी है?
3. What are sentence forming Rules of it? 3. वाक्य बनाने के नियम क्या है?

To understand the above point number 1 & 2 we give below a table.

Person Subject Helping Verb of Present Tense Helping Verb of Past Tense
Ist person I am, have was, had
2nd Person You are, have were, had
3rd Person-Singular He/She/It/Ram is, has was, had
3rd Person-Plural We/They/boys are, have were, had

Sentence Forming Rules

इंग्लिश वाक्य में सब्जेक्ट, वर्ब और ऑब्जेक्ट की मुख्य भूमिका होती है। छोटे वाक्यों में 'ऑब्जेक्ट' नही होता (वह खेलता है), कुछ वाक्यों में सब्जेक्ट छिपा होता है (स्कूल जाओ) और एक-शब्द वाले वाक्यों में केवल 'वर्ब' होता है (रूको, बैठ जाओ)

Subject, Verb and Object play a major roll in forming any sentence. In small sentences 'Object' is missing (He plays.), in some sentences 'Subject' remains silent (Go to school.) and in one-word sentences, only 'Verb' remains in the sentence (Stop., Sit-down.).

नकारात्मक वाक्य में 'Not' को हेल्पिंग वर्ब के बाद और मुख्य वर्ब या ऑब्जेक्ट से पहले जोड़ा जाता है। प्रश्नवाचक वाक्यों में, केवल हेल्पिंग वर्ब की स्थिति को बदल कर वाक्य के शुरू में लगाते हैं। प्रश्नवाचक और नेगेटिव वाक्यों में सब्जेक्ट के बाद और मुख्य वर्ब या ऑब्जेक्ट से पहले 'Not' लगाते हैं। हेल्पिंग वर्ब के वाक्यों को बनाने का रूल नीचे दिया है।

In negative sentence 'Not' is added after Helping Verb and before Main Verb (if any) or Object. In Interrogative sentence, only position of 'Helping Verb' is changed and placed in the beginning. In interrogative and negative sentences, 'Not' is added after Subject and before Main Verb (if any) or Object.

The Rule of making sentences of Helping Verb:

Rule - Helping Verbs - is / am / are / was / were / has / have / had

Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Helping Verb + object (.)
Negative Subject + Helping Verb + not + object (.)
Interrogative Helping Verb + Subject + object (?)
Interrogative-Negative Helping Verb + Subject + Not + object (?)

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