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ELC-42nd Day

General Rules of Active & Passive Voice

Active Voice वाक्यों को Passive Voice में बदलने के सामान्य नियम नीचे दिए गए हैं:

General Rules to convert Active Voice sentences to Passive Voice are enumerated below:

Rule 1. Active Voice वाक्य में Subject, Verb और Object (S, V & O) को पहचानें। Identify Subject, Verb and Object (S, V & O) in active voice sentence.
Rule 2. सब्जेक्ट और ऑब्जेक्ट को एक दूसरे के साथ बदलें। Active Voice वाक्य का ऑब्जेक्ट Passive Voice वाक्य का सब्जेक्ट बन जाता है। Interchange the subject and Object with each other. The Object of the active voice sentence becomes the subject of the passive voice sentence.
Rule 3. वर्ब की फॉर्म को 3rd फॉर्म में बदलें, क्योंकि हम हमेशा Passive Vaoice वाक्यों में वर्ब की 3rd फॉर्म का उपयोग करते हैं। Change the form of the verb to 3rd form, because we always use the 3rd form of the verb in passive voice sentences.
Rule 4. Active Voice वाक्य के ऑब्जेक्ट-सर्वनाम शब्द को यहां दी गई तालिका के अनुसार Passive Voice के सब्जेक्ट-सर्वनाम शब्द में बदलें। Change the object-pronoun word of the Active Voice sentence the subject-pronoun word of Passive Voice according to the table given here.
Rule 5. Active Voice वाक्य के टेन्स और Passive Voice के बनने वाले सब्जेक्ट के अनुसार सहायक क्रिया का प्रयोग करें। Use the auxiliary verb according to the tense of the Active Voice sentence and the subject formed of Passive Voice.
Rule 6. Active Voice वाक्य के सब्जेक्ट से पहले 'द्वारा' का प्रयोग करें, यदि सब्जेक्ट दिया हुआ हो. Use 'by' before the subject of the active voice sentence, if the subject is given.
Rule 7. Active Voice वाक्य के सब्जेक्ट-सर्वनाम शब्द को यहां दी गई तालिका के अनुसार Passive Voice के ऑब्जेक्ट-सर्वनाम शब्द में बदलें। Change the sbject-pronoun word of the Active Voice sentence the object-pronoun word of Passive Voice according to the table given here.

Table for Conversion of active voice pronouns words to passive voice pronoun words

Object-pronoun of Active Voice Becomes Subject-pronoun of Passive Voice Subject-pronoun of Active Voice Becomes Object-pronoun of Passive Voice
Me I I Me
You You You You
Him He He Him
Her She She Her
Us Us Us Us
Them Them Them Them
It It It It
Whom Who Who Whom

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