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ELC-23rd Day

Relative Pronoun

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Relative Pronoun उदाहरण के साथ वर्णन Description of Relative Pronoun with examples
Who, whom - निर्जीव वस्तु के लिए नही किया जाता है। They are not used for non-living things. They are used for living things.
हमें ऐसे लड़कों की जरूरत है जो सेकंड में पेड़ पर चढ़ सकें। We need boys who can climb the tree in seconds.
वह सबको जानता है जिसने जयपुर सोसाइटी में फ्लॅट खरीदा है। He knows all who have bought the flat in Jaipur society.
कोर्ट ने उस व्यक्ति को दण्ड़ दिया जिसे विरोधी पार्टियां सहायता कर रही थी। The court punished the person whom opposition parties were supporting.
Whose - इसका इस्तेमाल जीवित चीजों के लिए किया जाता है, और कई बार इसका इस्तेमाल गैर-जीवित चीजों के लिए भी किया जाता है। It is used in the possessive case for living things, and many times it is used for non-living things also.
यह वह खिलाड़ी है जिसके पिता ने कोचिंग का खर्च उठाने के लिए अपना घर बेच दिया था। This is the player whose father had sold his house to bear his coaching expenses.
बिल्ली, जिसका रंग काला है, मेरे लिए बहुत भाग्यशाली है। The cat, whose colour is black, is very lucky for me.
Which - इसका उपयोग निर्जीव चीजों और जानवरों के लिए किया जाता है। It is used for non-living things and animals.
पिछले साल आपने मुझे जो कंप्यूटर दिया था, वह बहुत अच्छा काम कर रहा है। The computer which you gave me last year is working very fine.
कुत्ता, जो हर रात भौंकता है, नगरपालिका कार्यकर्ताओं द्वारा पकड़ा गया है। The dog, which barks every night, has been caught by the municipality workers.
Relative Pronoun उदाहरण के साथ वर्णन Description of Relative Pronoun with examples
Which - इसका इस्तेमाल जीवित चीजों के लिए किया जाता है, और कई बार इसका इस्तेमाल गैर-जीवित चीजों के लिए भी किया जाता है। When we use 'which' as a Relative Pronoun, normally the preposition comes first.
यह वह खिलाड़ी है जिसके पिता ने कोचिंग का खर्च उठाने के लिए अपना घर बेच दिया था। I do not know the date on which I applied for a passport.
बिल्ली, जिसका रंग काला है, मेरे लिए बहुत भाग्यशाली है। A mobile of which screen was broken, has been replaced by the company.
What, that - 'What' का इस्तेमाल उन वस्तुओं के लिए किया जाता है, जिनसे पहले कोई antecedent नहीं आता है। जब कोई antecedent पहले आता है, तब 'what' के स्थान पर 'that' का प्रयोग किया जाता है। 'What' is used for items before which no antecedent comes. When an antecedent comes first, 'that' is used instead of 'what'.
जो नहीं कहा जा सकता वह नहीं कहा जाना चाहिए। What cannot be said must not be said.
मुझे पता था कि वह उसे क्या देना चाहती है। I knew what she wanted to give him.
उसने एक महंगी घड़ी देखी थी जिसे वह उसे उपहार में देना चाहती थी। She had seen a costly watch that she wanted to gift him.
That, who, which - जब दो antecedents में से एक व्यक्ति हो और दूसरा जानवर, तब Relative Pronoun 'That' का प्रयोग होता है। When one of the two antecedents is a person, and the other is an animal, then the Relative Pronoun 'That' is used.
वो महिला और उसकी बिल्ली जिसने पार्टी में ज़्यादा ध्यान नही खींचा हमले में शामिल थी। The woman and her cat that did not attract much attention in the party were involved in the attack.
वो बंदर और लडका जो अच्छे दोस्त थे शहर में पॉपुलर हो गये हैं। The monkey and the boy that were good friends have become popular in the city.

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