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ELC-1st Day

General Part of the Lesson

शब्दावली दूसरी भाषा के रूप में अंग्रेजी सीखने का एक अनिवार्य हिस्सा है। अंग्रेजी में एक सीमित शब्दावली के कारण हम अंग्रेजी पढ़कर या सुनकर भी अच्छी तरह समझ नही पाते हैं। यह हमारे संचार कौशल को भी बुरी तरह प्रभावित करता है। Vocabulary is an essential part of learning English as a second language. Due to a limited vocabulary in English, we do not understand English very well even by reading or listening. It also affects our communication skills badly.
मान लें कि आप थोड़ा व्याकरण जानते हैं और शब्दावली ज्ञान नहीं है और सोरघम आटा खरीदने के लिए एक स्टोर पर जाते हैं। जब तक आप सटीक शब्द 'ज्वार - sourgham' नहीं कहते तब तक आप अपने व्याकरण ज्ञान के साथ क्या चाहते हैं यह नहीं बता सकते। Suppose you know a little grammar and have no vocabulary knowledge and go to a store to buy Sorghum flour. You cannot tell what you want with your grammar knowledge until you say the exact word 'Sourgham'.
व्याकरण की तुलना में शब्दावली अधिक महत्वपूर्ण है। इसलिए, इस शब्दावली भाग को व्यावहारिक शब्दों की एक उपयोगी शब्दावली बनाने के लिए पाठ्यक्रम में शामिल किया गया है। Vocabulary is more important than grammar. Therefore, this vocabulary part is included in the course to build a useful vocabulary of practical words.

Forms of Verbs

Base form - Ist Form Past simple - 2nd Form Past Participle - 3rd form अर्थ
Yoke Yoked Yoked अधीन करना, जोत देना, दास बनाना
Let Let Let अनुमति देना, किराये पर देना
Insult Insulted Insulted अपमान करना
Mean Meant Meant अर्थ होना, मतलब होना
Split Split Split अलग करना, टुकड़े करना

Antonyms

Word अर्थ Antonym Word अर्थ
End अंत, छोर Begin शुरु, आरंभ
Often अक्सर, प्यारा Seldom, sometimes कभी कभार, विरले ही
Better अच्छा Worse बदत्तर, खराब
Pleasant अच्छा, मजेदार Awful खराब, डरावना
Nice अच्छा, सुन्दर Awful, nasty खराब, भद्दा

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1 Learn the Basics of English Grammar at Home - Use of Is, Are, Am, Was. Were, He, She, It, They, This, That, etc. (Audible Examples)
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