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ELC-1st Day

Subject-Object-Predicate

Predicate

A sentence has basically two parts. First part is Subject and the other part which tells what the Subject is doing or what the Subject is known as Predicate. Predicate includes Verb and Object.

Subject

कर्ता (सब्जेक्ट) वह व्यक्ति या वस्तु है जो कुछ क्रिया करता है या क्रिया से जुड़ा होता है। वाक्य के कर्ता का वाक्य में चर्चा की गई बातों से गहरा संबंध है। कर्ता एक संज्ञा, सर्वनाम, संज्ञा खंड या संज्ञा वाक्यांश हो सकता है।

The Subject is the person or thing that performs some action or is associated with the verb. The subject of the sentence has a close relationship to what is discussed in the sentence. A Subject can be a noun, pronoun, noun clause or noun phrase.

Object

ऑब्जेक्ट वाक्य का वह व्यक्ति या वस्तु है जिस पर क्रिया की कार्रवाई होती है या जिस पर क्रिया का प्रभाव पड़ता है। वर्ब साधारणतया ऑब्जेक्ट से पहले आता है।

An Object is the person or thing of a sentence on which the action of the verb occurs or on which the verb has an effect. The verb usually precedes the object.

Verb

क्रिया वह शब्द है जो यह बताता है की कर्ता (व्यक्ति, वस्तु या जानवर) क्या कर रहा है। - जैसे - कपिल केला खा रहा है (खाना क्रिया है जो बताता है कि कपिल क्या कर रहा है)। हिन्दी में वर्ब के अंत में ना आता है जैसे लिखना, पढ़ना, कूदना इत्यादि। क्रिया action दर्शाती हैं, इसलिए उन्हें क्रिया शब्द भी कहा जाता है।

A verb is a word that describes what the Subject (person, object or animal) is doing. Like - Kapil is eating banana ('eating' is the action that tells what Kapil is doing) Verbs show action, so they are also called action words. Verbs are mainly of two types (1) Helping Verb; and (2) Main Verb

Identification of Subject, Object, Verb & Predicate

Sentence Subject Verb Object
The King gave the brave boy ten gold-coins. The king gave brave boy, gold-coins
Students are playing football in the garden. Students playing football, garden
She played the lead role in the drama. She played lead role, drama
He is working in a factory. He working factory
Predicate: In a sentence, other than the Subject, everything is a Predicate, i.e. Predicate is Verb plus Object.
In the first example, 'The King' is Subject and 'gave the brave boy ten gold-coins' is Predicate.

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