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Direct-Indirect Speech - Simple Sentences

Exception of Rule No. 5

यदि Reporting Speech में एक सार्वभौमिक सत्य, आदतन तथ्य, ऐतिहासिक तथ्य, कहावत या एक काल्पनिक स्थिति है, तो हम इसके Tense को नहीं बदलते हैं। Reporting Verb का Tense भूत काल होने पर भी कोई परिवर्तन नहीं होता है।

If there is a Universal Truth, Habitual Fact, Historical Fact, Proverb or an Imaginary Condition in the reported speech, then there is no change in its tense. There is no change even if the Tense of the Reporting Verb is past tense.

Look at the examples of Universal Truth, Habitual Fact, Historical Fact, Proverb and an Imaginary condition and note that the tense of the Reporting speech remains unchanged in Indirect Speech.

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
संत ने कहा, "मनुष्य नश्वर है।" The Saint said, "Man is Mortal." The Saint said that Man is Mortal. संत ने कहा कि मनुष्य नश्वर है।
स्वाति ने कहा, "मैं अपना सारा काम अपने बाएं हाथ से करती हूं।" Swati said, "I do all my work with my left hand." Swati said that she does all her work with her left hand. स्वाति ने कहा कि वह अपना सारा काम अपने बाएं हाथ से करती हैं।
मधुर ने छात्रों से कहा, "भारत 15 अगस्त 1947 को स्वतंत्र हुआ।" Madhur said to students, "India became Independent on 15th August 1947." Madhur told students that India became Independent on 15th August 1947. मधुर ने छात्रों को बताया कि 15 अगस्त 1947 को भारत स्वतंत्र हुआ।
उसने कहा, "डूबते को तिनके का सहारा।" She said, "A drowning man will catch a straw." She said that a drowning man will catch a straw. उसने कहा कि डूबते को तिनके का सहारा।
उसने कहा, "अगर मैं तुम्हारी जगह होता तो मैं उसे थप्पड़ मार देता।" He said, "If I were you, I would have slapped him." He said that if he were you, he would have slapped him. उसने कहा कि अगर वह तुम्हारी जगह होता तो वह उसे थप्पड़ मार देता।

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