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Adjectives

तुलनात्मक डिग्री - तुलनात्मक डिग्री के द्वारा, हम दो संज्ञाओं (व्यक्ति, स्थान या चीज़) की तुलना करते हैं, यह देखने के लिए कि कौन एक दूसरे से अधिक या कम है। Comparative Degree - By comparative degree, we compare two nouns (person, place or thing) to see which one is more or less than the other.
जब दो संज्ञाओं की तुलना की जा रही है तो हम विशेषण में प्रत्यय 'er' जोड़ते हैं। When two nouns are being compared, we add suffix 'er' to the adjective.
यह इमारत दूसरी की तुलना में छोटी है। This building is shorter than the other.
जब विशेषण में दो से अधिक स्वर-अक्षरों होते हैं तो हम विशेषण से पहले 'more' जोड़ते हैं। When there are more than two syllables in the adjective, then we add 'more' before the adjective.
उसका दोस्त उससे ज्यादा साहसी है। His friend is more daring than him.
उत्कृष्ट डिग्री - यह दिखाने के लिए कि एक व्यक्ति या गुणवत्ता में साथ जुड़े सभी अन्य विकल्पों की तुलना में अधिक है। Superlative Degree - To show that one person or quality has more than all the other options taken together.
इस मामले में हम विशेषण के लिए प्रत्यय 'एस्ट' जोड़ते हैं और इससे पहले निश्चित आर्टिकल 'the' भी जोड़ते हैं। In this case, we add the suffix 'est' to the adjective and also definite article 'the' before it.
देखो वो है आकाश में सबसे चमकीला सितारा है। Look that's the brightest star in the sky.
हम दो या दो से अधिक स्वर-अक्षरों वाले विशेषण से पहले 'most' शब्द भी जोड़ते हैं। We also add the word 'most' before an adjective with two or more syllables.
सुप्रिया हमारी टीम में सबसे कुशल कार्यकर्ता है। Supriya is the most efficient worker in our team.

We will learn in detail about Degrees in our next lesson.

Types of Adjectives

हम जानते हैं कि विशेषण अन्य शब्दों अर्थात संज्ञा, सर्वनामों का वर्णन करते हैं और वर्णनात्मक शब्द हैं। अगर हमें यह याद है तो हम आसानी से विभिन्न प्रकार के विशेषणों को पहचान सकते हैं।

We know that adjectives describe other words ie, nouns/pronouns and are descriptive words. If we remember this we can recognise different types of adjectives easily.
Types of Adjectives are:

1. Adjective of Quality 2. Proper Adjective
3. Adjective of Quantity 4. Adjective of Numbers
5. Distributive Adjective 6. Demonstrative Adjective
7. Interrogative Adjective 8. Possessive Adjective
9. Coordinate Adjective 10. Cumulative Adjectives

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