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Use of Helping Verbs | Auxiliary Verbs

Verb 'TO DO'

"TO DO" (Do/Does/Did) का सिंपल अर्थ है 'कार्य करना' और बड़े़ रूप में इसका इस्तेमाल टेन्स, एक्टिव-पेसिव और ड़िरेक्ट-इंड़िरेक्ट वाक्यों में होता है। यहां हम इसके अलग प्रयोग के बारे में जानेंगे।

"TO DO" ​​(Do / Does / Did) simply means 'to work or to perform an action" and it is vastly used in Tenses, Active-Passive और Direct-Indirect sentences about which we will learn in detail later. Here we will learn about its other usages in sentence.

I am happy. मैं खुश हूँ।
Sachin is at home. सचिन घर पर है।
Mahika is a very charming girl. महिका एक बहुत ही आकर्षक लड़की है।
We all are students. हम सभी छात्र हैं।
You were my neighbour. तुम मेरे पड़ोसी थे।
Such occasions are rare. ऐसे अवसर दुर्लभ है।
My stomach is full. मेरा पेट भरा हुआ है।
I have five friends मेरे पांच दोस्त है।
Vartika has long hair. वर्तिका के लंबे बाल हैं।
He has no experience. उसका कोई अनुभव नहीं है।

Use of Helping Verbs

We have seen above examples of Helping Verb. Now we are to learn about:

1. What is Ist person, 2nd person, 3rd person? 1. पहला व्यक्ति, दूसरा व्यक्ति, तीसरा व्यक्ति क्या है?
2. Which helping verb is used with 1st/2nd/3rd person? 2. किस व्यक्ति के साथ कौन सी सहायक क्रिया इस्तेमाल होनी है?
3. What are sentence forming Rules of it? 3. वाक्य बनाने के नियम क्या है?

To understand the above point number 1 & 2 we give below a table.

Person Subject Helping Verb of Present Tense Helping Verb of Past Tense
Ist person I am, have was, had
2nd Person You are, have were, had
3rd Person-Singular He/She/It/Ram is, has was, had
3rd Person-Plural We/They/boys are, have were, had

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