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Englishkitab >> Basics of English >> Parts-of-speech >> Basic-grammar-Noun

Noun - संज्ञा - An Overview

संज्ञा - संज्ञा वह शब्द है जो व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान, आदि के नाम के लिए प्रयोग होता है। 'वस्तु' शब्द में - गिने जाने वाले, ना-गिने जाने वाले, दिखने वाले, ना-दिखने वाले, घटनाएं, भावनाएं, आदि सभी शामिल है।

Noun - A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing. The word ‘thing’ means anything which we can think of – countable, uncountable, visible, invisible, touchable, untouchable, events, feelings, etc.

Look at the following examples:

Name of Things
Computer, table, book, speaker, fan, car, gold, glass, mobile, etc. कंप्यूटर, टेबल, किताब, स्पीकर, पंखा, कार, सोना, कांच, मोबाइल, आदि।
Name of Places
Delhi, London, New York, school, college, garden, Akshardham, Kailash Mansarovar, etc दिल्ली, लंदन, न्यूयॉर्क, स्कूल, कॉलेज, उद्यान, अक्षरधाम, कैलाश मानसरोवर, आदि।
Names of Persons
Vartika, Kanika, Tom, Ashoka, doctor, girl, Princess, Queen, Advay, etc. वर्तिका, कनिका, टॉम, अशोक, डॉक्टर, लड़की, राजकुमारी, रानी, अद्वय, आदि।
Names of Birds, Animals, etc
Dog, cat, lion, rabbit, horse, donkey, monkey, parrot, bird, fish, etc. कुत्ता, बिल्ली, शेर, खरगोश, घोड़ा, गधा, बंदर, तोता, पक्षी, मछली, आदि।

How to Identify a Noun

Rule 1

यदि प्रश्न (कौन, किसने, क्या, किसको) क्रिया से पूछा जाता है, तो जो उत्तर (व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान या अवस्था) आए वह नाउन होगा।

If the question (who, whom, whom) is asked to the verb, then the answer (person, object, place or state/condition) will be Noun.

Rule 2

Verb का सब्जेक्ट और ऑब्जेक्ट आम तौर पर संज्ञा होती है।

The subject and object of a verb are usually Nouns.

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