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ELC-41st Day

The Participle

(G) Participle वाक्य के Subject और Object की भी विशेषता बताते हैं। Participle का प्रयोग Object के complement के रुप में भी किया जाता है।

(G) Participles can modify Subject as well as Object of the sentence. Participles can be used as complement of Object also.

वह उसके काम से संतुष्ट लगता है। He appears satisfied with his work.
वह प्रभावित है। He is impressed.
उसने रजत को एक घंटे दौड़वाया। She made Rajat run for an hour.
गुप्ताजी ने सबको मंत्रमुग्ध रखा। Guptaji kept everyone mesmerised.
उसने अपनी मां को काम करते हुए देखा। She saw her mother working.
सरला ने अपने पति को एक लड़की के साथ इश्कबाजी करते हुए पाया। Sarla found her husband flirting with a girl.

Dangling or Unattached or Unrelated or Misrelated Participle

जब Participle सब्जेक्ट के साथ सही प्रकार से जुड़ा / सम्बंधित नही होता है, तो इस त्रुटि को Dangling या Unattached या Unrelated या Misrelated Participle के रूप में जाना जाता है। यह जानना आवश्यक है कि इस तरह की त्रुटि से बचने के लिए पार्टिसिपेट का उपयोग कहां किया जाना चाहिए और इसका उपयोग कहां नहीं किया जाना चाहिए।

When Participle is not correctly attached/related with Subject, then this error is known as Dangling or Unattached or Unrelated or Misrelated Participle. It is necessary to know where Participle is to be used and where it should not be used to avoid such error.

Participles विशेषण है और संज्ञा/सर्वनाम का वर्णन करते हैं। इसलिये Participle और संज्ञा/सर्वनाम के मध्य एक सम्बंध होना आवश्यक है। अगर वहां सम्बंध नही है तो यह Misrelated Participle है। Participles are Adjective and describe the Noun/Pronoun. Hence there must be a relation between Participle and Noun/Pronoun. If the relation is not there, it is Misrelated Participle.
कई वाक्यों के दो भाग होते हैं। जब दोनो भागों का सब्जेक्ट एक है, तब पहले भाग में Participle सब्जेक्ट का काम कर सकता है। Participle का यह प्रयोग सही है। जब दोनो भाग के सब्जेक्ट अलग है और पहले भाग में बिना सब्जेक्ट के Participle का प्रयोग किया जाता है तो यह Misrelated Participle की श्रेणी में आता है। Many sentences have two parts. When Subject of both the parts is same, then Participle can act as Subject of First part. This use of Participle is correct. When Subject of both parts are different, and Participle is used in the first part without Subject, then it comes into the category of Misrelated Participle.

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