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How to Identify a Noun

3) जांच लें कि कोई determiner वहां है या नहीं। संज्ञा आमतौर पर (लेकिन हमेशा नहीं) एक determiner के बाद आती है - a, an, the, my, this, some, a few, a lot. e.g., a dog, a lot of money. कृपया ध्यान रखें कि एक संज्ञा एक या दो विशेषणों के बाद आ सकती है, जैसे, my blue car, her long and black hair. Check that a determiner is there or not. Noun usually (but not always) comes after a determiner - a, an, the, my, this, some, a few, a lot. e.g., a dog, a lot of money. Please keep in mind that a noun may come after one or two Adjectives, e.g., my blue car, her long and black hair.
4) एक संज्ञा का बहुवचन रूप हो सकता है। (Uncountable nouns में बहुवचन नहीं होता है लेकिन any या some शब्दों को जोड़कर जाँच की जा सकती जैसे, Computers, birds, some milk. A noun can have a plural form. (Uncountable nouns do not have plural form but can be checked by adding words - any or some) e.g., Computers, birds, some milk.
5) शब्द का अंत भी Noun को पहचानने में मदद कर सकते हैं क्योंकि कई संज्ञाएं निम्नलिखित Suffixes: के साथ समाप्त होती हैं: Word endings may also help in identifying Noun because many nouns end with the following Suffixes:
Suffixes: ist = Racist, ity = Cavity , ee = Trainee , ism = Socialism , dom = Freedom, ness = Firmness, ment = Excitement, hood = Brotherhood, er = Writer, Carpenter, or = Inspector, Director
6) आमतौर पर यदि क्रिया से प्रश्न पूछा जाता है (कौन, किसने, क्या, किसको) , तो जो उत्तर (व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान या अवस्था) आए वह नाउन होगा। Usually, if the verb is asked a question (who, who, what, whom), then the answer (person, object, place, or state) will be the noun.

Kinds of Noun

संज्ञा के विभिन्न प्रकार हैं। हालांकि, विभिन्न प्रकार की संज्ञा होती है, लेकिन एक संज्ञा एक से अधिक प्रकार में फिट हो सकती है।

There are different types of noun. Although there are different types of noun, a noun can fit more than one kind.

1. Common Noun 2. Proper Noun
3. Material Noun 4. Collective Noun
5. Concrete Noun 6. Abstract Noun
7. Countabe Noun 8. Uncountable Noun
9. Compound Noun

Common Noun

यह किसी व्यक्ति, स्थान या चीज़ के वर्ग के नाम को संदर्भित करता है। क्लास का मतलब उन चीजों की श्रेणी से है जिनमें कुछ सामान्य विशेषताएं, प्रकार या गुण हैं। Common Nouns एक small letter से शुरू होती हैं। यह एक capital letter से तब शुरू होती है, जब यह वाक्य का पहला शब्द हो।

It refers to the name of a class of a person, place or thing. Class means a category of things that have some common characteristics, kinds or qualities. Common nouns begin with a small letter. It starts with a capital letter only if it is the first word of the sentence.

Examples: Toy, Pen, Room, Garden, Man, Girl, Day, Chair, School, car, Monument, City, State, Country, etc.

मान लीजिए कि हमारे सामने तीन नाम हैं - जोधपुर, जयपुर और अहमदाबाद। हम देखते हैं कि इनमें एक समान विशेषता है, अर्थात् तीनों शहर हैं। अतः 'शहर' शब्द एक Common Noun है।

Suppose we have three names in front of us - Jodhpur, Jaipur and Ahmedabad. We see that they have one common characteristic, i.e. all the three are cities. Hence the word 'city' is a Common Noun.

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