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Other Pronoun - अन्य सर्वनाम

The Difference between Demonstrative Pronouns and Demonstrative Adjectives

Look at the following Examples:

Demonstrative Pronoun Demonistrative Adjective
This is very easy. ('This' stands alone) यह बहुत आसान है। This topic is very easy. ('This' has come before noun 'topic') यह टॉपिक बहुत आसान है।
This is mine. यह मेरी है। Is this book yours? क्या यह तुम्हारी पुस्तक है?
That is the most beautiful picture. वह सबसे खूबसूरत पिक्चर है। That picture is very beautiful. वह पिक्चर बहुत खूबसूरत है।
Those are our children. वे हमारे बच्चे हैं. Those children are very naughty. वे बच्चे बहुत शरारती हैं।
This has been sold. यह बिक चुका है। This house is not for sale. यह मकान बिकाऊ नही है।

5. Relative Pronoun

एक Relative Pronoun उस संज्ञा से संबंधित है जिसका वह वर्णन कर रहा है। वह व्यक्ति या वस्तु जिसे Relative Pronoun संदर्भित करता है, उसे इसका antecedent कहा जाता है। Relative Pronoun हैं - that, what, who, which, whose, whom.

A Relative Pronoun is related to the noun it is describing. The person or object to which the Relative Pronoun refers is called its antecedent. Relative Pronouns are - that, what, who, which, whose, whom.

Relative Pronoun दो कार्य करता है: Relative Pronoun performs two functions
a) क्रिया के सब्जेक्ट या ऑब्जेक्ट के रूप में कार्य करना To function as a subject or object of a verb
b) आश्रित क्लॉज़  को मुख्य क्लॉज़  से जोड़ने के लिए conjunctions  का कार्य करना। To perform the function of conjunctions to relate dependant clauses to the main clause.

Relative क्लॉज़ वो होती है जो Relative Pronoun - that, what, who, which, whose, when से शुरू होती है। वे उन नाउन को पहचानने, वर्णन करने, या उनके बारे में ज़्यादा जानकारी देने में प्रयुक्त होती हैं जो उनसे पहले आते हैं।

Relative clauses are the clauses which start with the Relative pronouns - that, what, who, which, whose, when. They are used to identify or define or give extra information about the noun that precedes them.

Let's look at the following examples to understand it better:

Sentence Relative Pronoun Antecent (Preceding Noun) Function of Relative Pronoun
I know Jaya who helped me in Delhi. who Jaya Defining the noun
We released the parrot which came again in the cage. which parrot Defining the noun
Abhishek stole my new pen, which was gifted to me by my father. which pen Defining the noun
I know the girl who wanted to meet your mother. who girl Defining the noun
I have yet not read the book that you gave me. that book Defining the noun
Please show me your bag, which was stitched by her. which bag Defining the noun
Shri Khurana, who was our English teacher in 11th class, was famous for his devotion. who Shri Khurana Giving extra information
In the winter I am going to London, where my son lives. where London Giving extra information
The girl, whose both parents are political leaders, has filed nomination for the college election. whose girl Giving extra information

Note: उपरोक्त उदाहरण में "श्री खुराना, जो 11 वीं कक्षा में हमारे अंग्रेजी शिक्षक थे, अपनी लगन के लिए प्रसिद्ध थे।" यहाँ Relative clause है: '11 वीं कक्षा में हमारे अंग्रेजी के शिक्षक थे'। Commas लगाकरRelative clause को अलग करना चाहिए।

In the above example "Shri Khurana, who was our English teacher in 11th class, was famous for his devotion." Here the Relative clause is: 'who was our English teacher in 11th class'. Relative clauses should be separated by applying commas.

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