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Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense

Active Voice वाक्य को Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए सामान्य नियम निम्नानुसार संक्षेप में प्रस्तुत किए गए हैं:
The general rules for converting an Active Voice sentence to Passive Voice are summarized as follows:

>> Identify Subject, Verb and Object
>> Interchange the Subject and Object with each other
>> Use helping verb of the Tense of the active voice sentence
>> use 3rd form of the Verb
>> Change pronoun words, if any.

Rules to Change Active Voice to Passive Voice

Type of Sentence Rules of making Present Perfect Tense - Active Voice Rules of converting Present Perfect Tense - Active Voice to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Not + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Has/Have + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Has/Have + Convert Object to Subject + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

The above Rules describe the following points:

Active Voice के ऑब्जेक्ट को Passive Voice के सब्जेक्ट में बदलो। Convert the Object of Active Voice to the Subject of Passive Voice
General Rules of Passive Voice में दी गई तालिका के अनुसार Active Voice वाक्य के सब्जेक्टऔर ऑब्जेक्ट में प्रयुक्त सर्वनाम शब्द, यदि कोई हो, बदलें।  Change the pronoun word used in the Subject and Object of the Active Voice sentence, if any, according to the table given in the General Rules of Passive Voice.
Passive Voice के सब्जेक्ट के अनुसार सहायक क्रिया 'Has/Have' का उपयोग करें। Use helping verb 'Has/Have' as per the Subject of the Passive Voice.
यदि Passive Voice का सब्जेक्ट बहुवचन है, तो हम बहुवचन की सहायक क्रिया का प्रयोग करते हैं इस तथ्य के बावजूद कि Active Voice में, सब्जेक्ट एकवचन था। If the Subject of the Passive Voice is plural, we use helping verb of plural irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was singular.

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