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Tenses
  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
  2. Present_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  3. Present_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
View a Sentence in all types of Tenses

Present Continuous Tense

The Present Continuous Tense is used to express an action which is 'on-going / still going on' . Hence it is continuous like "It is raining".

It is used to express an action going on at the time of speaking. For example, a girl says "I am reading his letter" . It means, at that moment, she is reading a letter or in the process of reading the letter. The action of reading is happening at the time of speaking.



It is used to express an action which is not happening exactly at the time of speaking but is happening in regular process in present time. For example "He is studying in Government school."

It is used to express a planned or arranged action happening in the near future. For example – New series of Harry Potter is coming early.

प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स कार्य या एक्शन लगातार जारी रहता है । हिन्दी में इसकी पहचान है - वाक्य के अंत में 'रहा है', 'रही है', 'रहे हैं' का प्रयोग होता है ।

'क्रिया जारी है' का अर्थ यह है की वाक्य कहते वक्त वह क्रिया चल रही है जैसे - राम लेटर पढ़ रहा है । अर्थात वाक्य कहने के समय राम लेटर पढ़ने की क्रिया कर रहा है ।

इसका दूसरा अर्थ है - क्रिया वाक्य कहते वक्त शुरु नही भी हो लेकिन वर्तमान में लगातार घट रही हो जैसे - आजकल माहिका अँग्रेज़ी सीख रही है ।

नजदीकी भविष्य में सम्पन्न होने वाले पलान्ड़ एक्शन हेतु भी प्रेज़न्ट कंटिन्युअस टेन्स का प्रयोग किया जाता है - जैसे - हैरी पॅाटर का नया संस्करण जल्दी आ रहा है ।



In Continuous Tense, time may come in sentence but starting time of action should not be there. If starting time of the action is given and action still continues, the Continuous Tense becomes Perfect Continuous Tense e.g. He has been studying in Government school for the last three years. In this sentence, starting time of the action 'studying - for the last three years' is given and action is continuous hence it has become Present Perfect Continuous Tense. If we remove continuous time "for the last three years" from sentence, it will become a sentence of Present Continuous Tense.- Examples:

Ram is reading the paper. - Present continuous tense
Ram is reading the paper since last two hours. - Present perfect continuous tense. ( as the specified time of two hours is used.)

इन वाक्यों में समय का प्रयोग हो सकता है परंतु ऐसे वाक्यों में लगातार समय का प्रयोग नही होना चाहिए । वह वाक्य जहां कार्य शुरु होने का विगत समय दिया हुआ हो और एक्शन लगातार चल रहा हो और वाक्य के अंत में वाक्य के अंत में 'रहा है', 'रही है', 'रहे हैं' का भी हो, तो वह प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स नही रहता है । वह वाक्य प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स बन जाता है - जैसे:

राम अखबार पढ़ रहा है - प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स
राम दो घंटे से अखबार पढ़ रहा है - प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स (क्योंकि यहां लगातार समय 'दो घंटे से' का प्रयोग हुआ है) ।
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Few verbs like See, Hear, Smell, Taste, Feel, in simple situation are not used in Continuous Tense because the action of these words automatically gets done. When these words are used for a particular thing, then these are used in Continuous Tense.

कुछ वर्ब का प्रयोग सामान्य स्थिति में प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स में नही किया जाता है - जैसे - See, Hear, Smell, Taste, Feel । इन शब्दों की क्रिया अपने-आप स्वतः ही होती है - जैसे - See (देखना) आंखों से स्वतः ही होता है । जहां इनका प्रयोग किसी विशेष उद्देश्य हेतु किया जाता है तो उनको कंटिन्युअस टेन्स में प्रयोग करते हैं ।

Present Continuous Tense - Positive

Present Continuous Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Is/Am/Are + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.)


In Present Continuous Tense 'is or are or am' is used in sentence and 'Ing' is added with first form of the main verb.



प्रेज़न्ट कन्टीन्युअस टेन्स में 'Is / Are / Am' का प्रयोग होता है और वर्ब की फर्स्ट फ़ॉर्म के साथ 'Ing' लगाया जाता है ।

Present Continuous Tense - Positive लड़के गाना गा रहे हैं ।
Person Subject IS/ARE/AM + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person I am singing a song.
Ist Person -Plural We are singing a song.
2nd Person You are singing a song.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema is singing a song.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys are singing a song.

Present Continuous Tense - Negative

Present Continuous Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Is/Am/Are + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Ing + Object + (.)

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In Negative sentences, 'Not' is added just before 'Verb' and there is no other change from Positive sentence

नकारात्मक वाक्यों में वर्ब से पहले नॅाट लगाते हैं बाकि सब कुछ सकारात्मक वाक्य की तरह रहता है ।

Present Continuous Tense - Negative तुम मोबाइल से नही खेल रहे हो ।
Person Subject IS/ARE/AM + Not + Verb(Ist Form) + Ing Object
Ist person I am not playing with mobile.
Ist Person -Plural We are not playing with mobile.
2nd Person You are not playing with mobile.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema is not playing with mobile.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys are not playing with mobile.

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