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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Tenses >> Present Indefinite Tense

Tenses
  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
  2. Present_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  3. Present_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
View a Sentence in all types of Tenses

Present Indefinite (Simple) Tense

In Present Indefinite (Simple) Tense, the action is simply mentioned and there is nothing said about its completeness. It is used to express an action which happens on a regular basis.

Saamaanya Vartamaan Kaal meN saamaanya kriyaa kaa hee jikra hotaa hai aur isame kriyaa kee poorNataa kee sthiti ke baare meN kuchh bhi nahee kahaa jaataa. Lagataar yaa hameshaa honewaalee kriyaa ke liye isakaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai.

Saamaanya Vartamaan Kaal ke neeche diye gaye vaakyo ko paDhiye aur Kriyaa par dhyaan dijiye:

Read carefully the following sentences of Present Indefinite Tense and pay attention on the action of Verb :


Vaakya Sentence
MaiN Ramjas school meN paDhataa hoon. I study in Ramjas School.
Vah subah jaldee uThataa hai. He gets up early in the morning.
Ve subah der se uThate hai. They get up late in the morning.
Surya purva se nikalataa hai. The sun rises in the east.
Main school meN paDhataa hoon. I study in School.
Vah college meN paDhataa hai. He studies in college.
Kuttaa bhonkataa hai. Dog barks.
Kutte bhonkate hai. Dogs bark.
MaiN Gujarat meN rahataa hoon. I live in Gujarat.
Vah apane maataa-pitaa kaa kahanaa maanatee hai. She obeys her parents.
PakShee subah chahchahaate hai. Birds chirp in the morning.
MaiN use roj paDhaataa hoon. I teach her daily.
Vah har baat meN mujhase paraamarsh karataa hai. He consults everything with me.
MaiN use bhali bhaanti jaantaa hoon. I know him very well.
Ham school ikaTThe jaate hai. We go to school together.
Satya kee sadaa jeet hotee hai. Truth always triumphs.
Vah roj paDhataa hai. He reads daily.
MaiN Gujarat meN rahataa hoon. I live in Gujarat.
Tum paDhaai meN dhyaan dete ho. You pay attention in study.
Netaa election ke dino meN bhaaShan dete hai. Leaders deliver speech during election days.

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In the above examples, we notice that neither action is continuous nor action is complete nor it seems one time action. These are usual actions which is done on a regular basis or eternal truths.

Present Indefinite Tense is used to express an action in present time, daily events & usual action which is done on a regular basis and for eternal truth.

UdahaaraN ke kisee bhee vaakya meN Kriyaa naa to jaaree dikhaai detee hai, naa hee poorN dikhaai detee hai aur naa hee ek-aadh baar hone waalee kriyaa dikhaai detee hai. Yah hameshaa hone waalee kriyaaye hai. Surya kaa poorv meN uganaa ek shaashwat satya hai. School meN paDhanaa, pakShi ka chahchahaanaa, Gujarat meN rahanaa aadi hameshaa kee baat hai. Ek baat note kareN - Vakyo ke ant meN ‘taa hai’ tee hai’ or ‘te hai’ dikhaai de rahaa hai.

Hindi meN Present Indefinite Tense kee pahachaan - Vaakya ke ant meN ‘taa hai’ tee hai’ or ‘te hai’ kaa prayog hotaa hai. Vartamaan samay ke action ko bataane ke liye, daily routine aur hameshaa hone waale action ke liye isakaa prayog kiyaa jaataa hai.

In the above examples, we notice that first form of verb is used but in some sentences 's/es' is added with the verb (get-gets, study-studies, bark-barks).

There are different rules for all the four types of sentences of each Tense.

Upar udaaharaN meN hamane dekhaa kee kriyaa kee pahalee form istemaal hui hai parantu kisee kisee vaakya meN verb ke saath 's/es' (get-gets, study-studies, bark-barks) joDaa gayaa hai.

Har Kaal ke harek parakaar ke vaakya ke alag alag niyam hai.
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