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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Tenses >> Present Perfect Tense
Tenses
  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
  2. Present_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  3. Present_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
View a Sentence in all types of Tenses

Present Perfect Tense

It is used to express an action which has just been happened or completed at the moment of speaking. Present + Perfect means completion of action in present, in other words action has just happened.

हिन्दी में प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स की पहचान - वाक्य के अंत में आया है, गया है, गई है, लिया है, चुका है, चुकी है, चुके हैं आदि का प्रयोग होता है । एक्शन जो अभी हाल ही में घटा हो या पूरा हुआ हो, प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स के अंतर्गत आता है । प्रेज़न्ट + पर्फेक्ट (वर्तमान + पूर्ण) अर्थात क्रिया का वर्तमान में पूर्ण होना, दूसरे शब्दों में कार्य अभी हाल ही में सम्पूर्ण हुआ है ।



Present Perfect Tense - Positive

Present Perfect Tense - Positive
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Present Perfect Tense, 'has/have' and 3rd form of Verb is used. 'Has' is used only when subject is third person-singular. In all other cases, 'Have' is used in Present Perfect Tense.

प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स में 'has/have' और वर्ब की तीसरी फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है । 'Has' का प्रयोग तभी होता है जब सब्जेक्ट थर्ड पर्सन सिंगुलर हो. बाकि सब के साथ 'have' का प्रयोग होता है ।

Present Perfect Tense - Positive मैने नई कार खरीद ली है ।
Person Subject Has/Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person I have bought a new car.
Ist Person -Plural We have bought a new car.
2nd Person You have bought a new car.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema has bought a new car.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have bought a new car.



Present Perfect Tense - Negative

Present Perfect Tense - Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Negative Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.)

In Negative sentence, 'Not' is added after helping verb-Has/Have and before '3rd form of Verb'.

इसके नेगेटिव वाक्य में 'Not' को हेल्पिंग वर्ब - Has/Have के बाद और वर्ब की तीसरी फ़ॉर्म से पहले लगाते हैं ।

Present Perfect Tense - Negative उसने मेरा काम खत्म नही किया है ।
Person Subject Has/Have + Not + Verb(3rd Form) Subject
Ist person I have not finished my work.
Ist Person -Plural We have not finished my work.
2nd Person You have not finished my work.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema has not finished my work.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys have not finished my work.

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Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Has/Have + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Has/Have + Subject + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)

Present Perfect Interrogative sentence starts with 'Has/Have'. Question Mark (?) is affixed at the end of sentence in place of Full Stop (.). In Interrogative and Negative Sentence, 'not' is added just before 'verb(3rd Form)'

प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट इंटेरोगेटिव वाक्य 'Has/Have' से शुरु होते हैं । वाक्य के अंत में फुल स्टाप (.) के स्थान पर प्रश्नवाचक चिन्ह (?) लगाया जाता है । प्रश्नात्मक और नकारात्मक वाक्यों में वर्ब (थर्ड फ़ॉर्म) से पहले 'Not' लगाते हैं ।
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Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative क्या वह सुबह सो चुकी है ?
Person Has/Have Subject Verb (3st form) Object
Ist person Have I slept in the morning?
Ist Person -Plural Have we slept in the morning?
2nd Person Have you slept in the morning?
3rd Person -Singular Has he/she/it/Ram slept in the morning?
3rd Person -Plural Have they/boys slept in the morning?

Present Perfect Tense - Interrogative & Negative क्या तुमने उसे फटकार नही लगाई है?
Person Has/Have Subject Not + Verb (3rd form) Object
Ist person Have I not rebuked him?
Ist Person -Plural Have we not rebuked him?
2nd Person Have you not rebuked him?
3rd Person -Singular Has he/she/it/Ram not rebuked him?
3rd Person -Plural Have they/boys not rebuked him?

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