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The Participle

(E) Present Participle Subordinate clause के बदले में प्रयुक्त हो सकते हैं। आमतौर पर Subordinate clause As/Since/Because से शुरू होती है। Subordinate clause के स्थान पर Present Participle (Verb + Ing) का प्रयोग किया जा सकता है।

(E) Present Participle can replace a Subordinate clause. Normally subordinate clause starts with As/Since/Because. Such subordinate clauses can be replaced by Present Participle (Verb + Ing)

Sentence Verb + 'Ing' Sentence with Participle Participle वाक्य
Because/As/Since she is a girl, she is allowed to go early. Be + Ing Being a girl, she is allowed to go early. लड़की होने के नाते, उसे जल्दी जाने की अनुमति दी गयी है।
Because/As/Since he understood that he could not pass the test, he did not appear for it. Understand + Ing Understanding that he could not pass the test, he did not appear for it. समझते हुए की वह टेस्ट पास नही कर सकता है, वह इसके लिये हाजिर नही हुआ।
As/Since/Because she knows that Inder is a man of principle, she thought to play a trick against him. Know + Ing Knowing that Inder is a man of principle, she thought to play a trick against him. जानते हुए की इन्दर एक सिद्धांत का पक्का आदमी है, उसने उसके विरुद्ध एक चाल चलने की सोची।
As/Since/Because he walked very fast, he can reach her home within 15 minutes. Walk + Ing Walking very fast, he can reach her home within 15 minutes. तेज चलते हुए वह उसके घर 15 मिनिट के अंदर पहुंच सकता है।

(F) Past Participle भी दो मुख्य वाक्यों को जोड़ सकते हैं जो पूर्ण हुए कार्य या समय को दर्शाते हैं।

(F) Past Participle can also combine two main sentences which represents a completed action or time.

Sentence Sentence Sentence with Participle Participle वाक्य
He was deceived by his friend. He became bankrupt. Deceived by his friend, he became bankrupt. उसके दोस्त के द्वारा धोखा देने के बाद वह दिवालिया हो गया।
Kurmee was robbed by a hooligan. Kurmee lodged an FIR in the nearest police station. Robbed by a hooligan, Kurmee lodged an FIR in the nearest police station. एक गुंड़े द्वारा लूटने के बाद, कूर्मी ने नजदीकी पुलिस स्टेशन में FIR दर्ज की।
The Principal was pressurised by the strong protest of students. The Principal allowed the students to celebrate Valentine Day in College. Pressurised by the strong protest of students, Principal allowed students to celebrate Valentine Day in college. विद्यार्थियों के कड़े विरोध से प्रभावित होकर, प्रिन्सिपल ने विद्यार्थियों को कॉलेज में प्रेम-इजहार दिवस मनाने की इजाजत दी।
We saw trees in Uttar Pradesh. Trees were laden with mangoes. We saw trees in Uttar Pradesh laden with mangoes. हमने उत्तर प्रदेश में आम से लदे पेड़ देखे।

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