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Must

Invitations, criticism and sympathy

किसी को आमंत्रण करते वक्त स्पीकर द्वारा इस बात पर जोर देने के लिए कि 'अतिथि की उपस्थिति बड़ी मूल्यवान होगी' Must का प्रयोग किया जाता है। जब हम किसी के कार्यों या शब्दों से परेशान होते हैं तो हम पूछने के लिए 'Must you' का इस्तेमाल करते हैं यह पूछने के लिए कि व्यक्ति ने ऐसा क्यों किया।

While serving an invitation to someone 'Must' is used by the speaker to emphasise that the presence of the guest will be valued a great deal. When we are upset by someones actions or words we use 'Must you' in question form to ask why the person did it.

Look at the examples:

क्या आपको हमेशा मेरे कार्यों की आलोचना करनी चाहिए? Must you always criticize my actions?
आप सभी को समारोह की शोभा बढ़ानी चाहिए। You all must grace the occasion.
क्या उसे हमेशा अपने बच्चों को फास्ट फूड खिलाना चाहिए? Must she always feed her children fast food?
आपको इस रविवार को अवश्य आना और हमारे साथ डिनर करना चाहिए। You must come and have dinner with us on Sunday.
क्या आपको हमेशा खुद का और साथ में दूसरों का मूड खराब करना चाहिए? Must you always spoil the mood of yourself as well as others?

Different Words to express 'Must' in the Past Tense

जब हम Past Tense में 'Must' के वाक्य को बदलते हैं, तो हम वाक्य के प्रकार के अनुसार 'Must' के स्थान पर विभिन्न शब्दों का प्रयोग करते हैं। आइए निम्नलिखित उदाहरणों से समझते हैं:

When we change the sentence of 'Must' in Past Tense, we use different words in place of 'Must' according to the type of sentence.

Let’s understand with the following examples:

Present Tense / Future Tense Past Tense
Seema must report the matter to the principal. (advice) Seema should have reported the matter to the principal.
We mustn't park the car in the no parking zone. (prohibition) We couldn't have parked the car in the no parking zone.
They must be going to the mall; today is the last day of the sale. (Logical reasoning) They must have gone to the mall; today is the last day of the sale.
You must file your income tax returns this year. (necessity) You had to file income tax returns this year.
हम ऊपर दिए वाक्यों में क्या देखते हैं? What do we see in the above sentences ?
पहले वाक्य में, हमने सलाह व्यक्त करने के लिए must have ’के स्थान पर 'should have' का उपयोग किया है। In the first sentence, we have used 'should have' instead of 'must have' to express Advice.
दूसरे वाक्य में, हमने निषेध व्यक्त करने के लिए must not के बजाय could not’ का इस्तेमाल किया है। In the second sentence, we have used 'could not have' instead of 'must not have' to express Prohibition.
तीसरे वाक्य में भी, हमने आवश्यकता और दायित्व को व्यक्त करने के लिए 'had to' उपयोग किया है। In the third sentence also, we have used 'had to' to express Necessity and Obligation.
अंतिम वाक्य में, हमने तार्किक तर्क व्यक्त करने के लिए 'must have' का उपयोग किया है। In the last sentence, we have used 'must have' to express logical reasoning.
नोट: 'Must have' का प्रयोग केवल भूतकाल में तार्किक तर्क के लिए किया जाता है। Note: 'Must have' is used for logical reasoning only in the past tense.

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