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Subject-Verb Agreement

Rules:

Agreement में कई नियम हैं। हम आवश्यक नियमों का नीचे वर्णन कर रहे हैं। कृपया अंग्रेजी को बेहतर ढंग से सीखने के लिए नियमों को बार-बार पढ़ें और समझें।

There are several Rules in the Agreement. We describe below the essential Rules. Please read and understand the rules, again and again, to learn English better.

17. यदि countable noun 'A number of, a lot of, plenty of, some of, percent of, many of, much of, one third of, three fourth of' के साथ आती है, तो हम बहुवचन संज्ञा और बहुवचन क्रिया का उपयोग करते हैं और यदि uncountable noun उनके साथ आती है, तो हम एकवचन संज्ञा और एकवचन क्रिया का उपयोग करते हैं। If countable noun comes with 'A number of, a lot of, plenty of, some of, percent of, many of, much of, one-third of, three fourth of', then we use the plural noun and plural verb, and If uncountable noun comes with them, then we use the singular noun and singular verb.
गिर के जंगलों में बहुत सारे बाघ पाए जाते हैं। Plenty of tigers are found in Gir forest.
अधिकांश छात्र अपने करियर को लेकर गंभीर नहीं हैं। Most of the students are not serious about their career.
इस साइट पर कई आगंतुक सर्फ कर रहे हैं। A number of visitors are surfing this site.
अधिकांश दूध में वास्तविक वसा नहीं होती है। Much of the milk does not contain real fat.
18. 'A number of' और 'The number of' - 'A number of' के बाद plural verb आता है तथा 'The number of' के बाद singular verb का प्रयोग होता है। 'A number of' and 'The number of' - Plural verb comes with 'A number of' and singular verb comes with 'The number of'.
कई लड़कियां अपने माता-पिता के साथ पिकनिक पर जाना पसंद करती हैं। A number of girls prefer to go on a picnic with their parents.
कई नौकरियां अभी भी लंबित हैं। A number of jobs are still pending.
कक्षा में लड़कों की संख्या पचास है। The number of boys in the class is fifty.
सफल उम्मीदवारों की संख्या दस थी। The number of successful candidates was ten.
19. दर्जन / सौ / हजार / मिलियन ... बहुवचन हैं। इनके बाद हम बहुवचन संज्ञा और बहुवचन क्रिया का उपयोग करते हैं। जब हम उनसे पहले एक / दो / तीन लिखते हैं ..., हम Dozen / hundred / thousand ... के बाद 's' नहीं जोड़ते हैं। जब हम उनके साथ 's' जोड़ते हैं, तो उनका अर्थ बदल जाता है। Dozen / hundred / thousand / million ... are plural. After these we use the plural noun and the plural verb. When we write one / two / three ... before them, we don't add 's' after Dozen / hundred / thousand ... When we add 's' with them, their meaning changes.
सरकार ने दो सौ कल्याणकारी परियोजनाओं की घोषणा की है। The Government has announced two hundred welfare projects.
वहां पांच दर्जन केले हैं। Five dozen bananas are there.
वहां हजारों लोग जमा हो गए थे। Thousands of people had gathered there.
दर्जनों संतरे गरीबों में बांटे गए। Dozens of oranges were distributed among the poor.

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