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Short Forms of Helping Verbs in English

While speaking English quite often we use the short form of few words, to make the sentences more concise. In informal conversations, short forms of words are popular in both spoken and written English. For making short form of words we combine two words and omit a letter or letters and put an Apostrophe in place of them like, I am becomes I'm.

अंग्रेजी बोलते समय अक्सर हम वाक्यों को छोटा करने के लिए कुछ शब्दों का संक्षिप्त रूप प्रयोग करते हैं। अनौपचारिक बातचीत में शब्दों का संक्षिप्त रूप बोली जाने वाली और लिखित अँग्रेज़ी दोनों में लोकप्रिय हैं। शब्दों के संक्षिप्त रूप बनाने के लिए हम दो शब्दों को जोड़ते हैं और एक अक्षर या अक्षरों को छोड़ देते हैं और उनके स्थान पर एपॉस्ट्रॉफी (') लगाते हैं जैसे, "I am - I'm" बन जाता है।

Learn about Short Forms of Words and short & complete answer

हमने सहायक क्रिया -Is/Are/Am/Was/Were के सरल वाक्य (सकारात्मक, नकारात्मक और पूछताछ) बनाने का ज्ञान प्राप्त कर लिया है। अब हम इनके बोलचाल में प्रचलित संक्षिप्त रूप तथा प्रश्नों के संक्षिप्त व पूरे उत्तर देने के बारे में समझते हैं। पहले नीचे दी गई तालिका देखें:

We have acquired knowledge of making simple sentences (Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative) of Helping Verbs -Is/Are/Am/Was/Were. Now let's understand the prevalent use of its short forms and about short and complete answers. First, let's take a look at the table given below:

Present Tense

Long form Short form Long form Negative Short form Negative
I am I'm I am not I'm not
We are We're We are not We aren't
You are You're You are not You aren't
He is He's He is not He isn't
She is She's She is not She isn't
It is It's It is not It isn't
They are They're They are not They aren't

Past Tense

Long form Short form Long form Negative Short form Negative
I was I was I was not I wasn't
We were We were We were not We weren't
You were You were You were not You weren't
He was He was He was not He wasn't
She was She was She was not She wasn't
It was It was It was not It wasn't
They were They were They were not They weren't

बातचीत में हम अक्सर कुछ सवालों के लिए हां / नहीं में जवाब देते हैं। यह संक्षिप्त उत्तर हर समय और सभी संबंधों के लिए उचित नहीं है और अशिष्ट उत्तरों के तहत आ सकता है। उत्तर को विनम्र बनाने के लिए हम हां / ना के बाद संक्षिप्त या पूर्ण उत्तर जोड़ सकते हैं।

In conversation, we often answer yes/no to some questions. This short 'yes/no' answer is not appropriate at all times & for all relationships and may fall under impolite replies. To make the answer polite, we can add short or full answers after yes/no.

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