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Modals
  1. May
  2. Might
  3. Can
  4. Could
  5. Shall/Will
  6. Should/Ought To
  7. Would
  8. Must
  9. Need
  10. Dare
  11. Used To

Would

'Would' is used to denote more polite request, probability and assumption.

'Would' का प्रयोग ज्यादा नम्रता से request करने, संभावना और पूर्वधारणा व्यक्त करने हेतु किया जाता है ।

Examples

क्या तुम मेरा एप्लिकेशन फ़ॉर्म भर दोगे ? (विनम्र अनुरोध) Would you fill up my application form? (Polite request)
क्या तुम नमक मेरी तरफ सरकाओगे ? (विनम्र अनुरोध) Would you please pass the salt to me? (Polite request)
क्या इस बारे में तुम मुझे 12 बजे याद दिलाओगें ? (विनम्र अनुरोध) Would you remind me about this at 12 o'clock? (Polite request)
क्या तुम मुझे अंग्रेजी सिखाओगें ? (विनम्र अनुरोध) Would you please teach me English language? (Polite request)
क्या तुम कमरा ठीक-ठाक करने में मेरी मदद करोगी ? Would you help me to set the room?
अव्यन मैदान में होगा । (संभावना) Avyan would be in the ground. (probability)
वह अभी सो रही होगी । (संभावना) She would be sleeping now. (probability)
वह अब सफल व्यवसाई होगा । (पुर्व-धारणा) He would be a successful businessman now. (Assumption)
यह उसका पचासवां जन्मदिवस होगा । (पुर्व-धारणा) This would be her 50th birthday । (पुर्व-धारणा) This would be her 50th birthday. (Assumption)



'Would' is a past tense of 'Will'.

'Will' का past tense 'Would' है ।

Examples

वह बोला, "वह मुझे मेरे ऑफिस छोड़ देगा" । >>> उसने कहा की वह मुझे मेरे ऑफिस छोड़ देगा । He said, "He will drop me at my office". >>> He said that he would drop me at my office.
उसने कहा की वह मेरे लिये गाना गायेगी । She said that she would sing for me.
मैं जानता था की वह उस प्रस्ताव पर सहमत नही होगी । I knew that she would not agree to that proposal.
मुझे कोई शक नही था की तुम पहले प्रयास में दोनो ग्रूप पास कर लोगे । I had no doubt that you would qualify both the groups in one attempt.
हमने कभी भी सोचा नही था की मेरी बिटिया की शादी के दिन बरसात होगी । We had never thought that it would rain on the day of my daughter's marriage.

'Would' is used with 'Rather' to express preference.

'Would' का प्रयोग 'Rather' के साथ वरियता या तरजीह व्यक्त करने के लिये किया जाता है ।

Examples

बस का सफर काफी थकावट भरा है । मैं बस की अपेक्षा ट्रेन में जाना ज्यादा पसंद करूंगा । Bus journey is quite tiring. I would rather go by train than bus.
मैं कोल्ड ड्रिंक की अपेक्षा कॉफी लेना पसंद करूंगा । I would rather have coffee than cold drink.
मैं ससुराल जाने की अपेक्षा अपनी छुट्टी रद्द करना पसंद करूंगा । I would rather cancel my leave than go to in-law's home.
मैं अभी सोने की अपेक्षा कैरम खेलना पसंद करूंगा । I would rather play carromthan sleep now.
मेरा बेटा अपने दोस्त को प्राइवेट नर्सिंग होम की बजाये सरकारी हॉस्पिटल में ले जाना पसंद करेगा । My son would rather take his friend to government hospital than a private nursing home.
मैं 100 रुपये रिश्वत देने की अपेक्षा 500 रुपये जुर्माना देना पसंद करूंगा । I would rather pay a fine of Rs. 500/- than a bribe Rs. 100/-.

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In Conditional sentences when 'If Clause' is in Past Indefinite and Main Clause expresses about future action, 'Would' is used in the main clause. In such sentences, past tense of 'If Clause' is not actual past time or past action.

Conditional वाक्यो में जब 'If Clause' पास्ट इन्डेफिनेट में हो और Main Clause future action को दर्शाये तब Main भाग में 'Would' का प्रयोग होता है । ऐसे वाक्यो में 'If Clause' में प्रयुक्त समय या क्रिया (past action) वास्तविक भूत काल को सूचित नही करते ।

Examples

यदि वह लड़का मेरे कमरे में आया तो मैं जोर से चिल्लाऊंगी । If that boy came into my room, I would shout loudly.
यदि तुमने मेरी शादी का प्रस्ताव स्वीकार नही किया तो मैं दूसरे विकल्प को देखूंगा । If you did not accept my proposal of marriage, I would see for second option.
अगर उसने मुझे गाली दी तो मैं उसे थप्पड़ मार दूंगा । If he abused me, I would slap him
अगर उसने वह ऑफिस जॉइन नही किया तो उसकी नियुक्ती रद्द हो जायेगी । If he did not join that office, his appointment would be cancelled.

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When we are to express Wish or to give Advice or to state about Old Habit, 'Would' is used.

जब हमें इच्छा व्यक्त करनी हो या सलाह देनी हो या किसी पुरानी आदत के बारे में बात करनी हो तो 'Would' का प्रयोग करते हैं । 

Examples

मैं डॉक्टर बनना चाहता हूँ । (इच्छा) I would like to become a doctor. (Wish)
मैं चाहता हूँ, तुम उसके पिताजी की मदद करो । (इच्छा) I wish, you would help her father. (Wish)
मैं चाहता हूँ, अव्यन प्रतिभाशाली बने । (इच्छा) I wish, Avyan would become a genius. (Wish)
मैं चाहता हूँ, मैं मेरी जिंदगी की आखिरी सांस तक कार्य करूं । (इच्छा) I wish, I would work till the last breath of my life. (Wish)
मैं तुम्हें अभी इस नौकरी को छोड़ने की सलाह नही दूंगा । (सलाह) I would advise you not to leave this job now. (Advice)
मैं उसे अगले अच्छे अवसर तक इंतज़ार करने की सलाह दूंगा । (सलाह) I would advise her to wait for next good opportunity. (Advice)
गाँधी जी रोज चरखा चलाते थे । (पुरानी आदत) Gandhi ji would spin every morning. (Old habit)
प्रवीण भाई हर घंटे धूम्रपान करते थे । (पुरानी आदत) Praveen Bhai would smoke every hour. (Old habit)
वह रोज सोने से पहले चाय लेता था । (पुरानी आदत) He would take tea daily before going to bed. (Old habit)
जब अव्यन पिछली बार आया था, मैं उसे रोज ऑफिस जाने से पहले कार में एक छोटा चक्कर लगाने ले जाता था । (पुरानी आदत) When Avyan came last time, I would take him for a small round in car daily before going to office. (Old habit)
एक गंदा बच्चा कक्षा में सभी को गाली देता था । (पुरानी आदत) One bad boy would abuse everybody in class. (old habit)

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'Would' is used to express imagination or deep desire.

जब तीव्र इच्छा हो या कल्पना प्रकट करनी हो तो 'Would' का प्रयोग करते हैं ।

Examples

यदि मैं प्रधान मंत्री होता तो मैं भी समाज के छोटे-कुचले लोगों को वरीयता देता । If I were the Prime Minister, I would also have given priority to down trodden people of the society.
यदि तुमने कड़ी मेहनत की होती तो तुम प्रथम श्रेणी पा लेते । Had you worked hard, you would have got first rank.
यदि मैं तुम्हारे स्थान पर होता तो मैने एक भी क्षण गंवाये बगैर वह अवसर झपट लिया होता । Had I been in your place, I would have grabbed that opportunity without wasting even a moment.
यदि मैं अमेरिका का प्रेसिडेंट होता तो मैने दीपावली को यू ।एस ।ए । में सरकारी छुट्टी घोषित कर दी होती । If I were the President of America, I would have declared Deepawali as an official holiday in the USA.
यदि मैं उसकी जगह होता तो संगीत समारोह को मॅडिसन स्क्वेर गार्डेन में आयोजित करता । Had I been at his place, I would have organised the concert in the Madison Square Garden.
अगर मैं पंछी होता तो आसमान में उड़ता । If I were a bird, I would have flown in the sky.
काश मैं धनवान होता । Would that I were rich.
काश मैं दोबारा जवान हो जाता । Would that I were young again.
अगर उन्होने मुझसे कहा होता तो मैं उनके व्यवसाय में पूँजी लगा देता । If they had asked me, I would have invested in their business.



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