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Englishkitab >> Vocabulary >> Suffixes


A suffix is a letter or a group of letters attached to the end of a word to form a new word or to change the grammatical function of the original word. For example, the verb read can be made into the noun reader by adding the suffix -er; read can be made into the adjective readable by adding the suffix -able.

प्रत्यय (Suffix) अक्षर या अक्षरो का समूह है जो किसी शब्द के आख़िर में लगाया जाता है जिससे शब्द का अर्थ परिवर्तित या बदल जाता है । प्रत्यय लगाने से क्रिया को विशेषण या क्रिया-विशेषण में बदला जा सकता है ।

Suffix Meaning Example
Noun Suffixes
-acy state or quality privacy, delicacy
-al act or process of refusal, inaugural
-ance, -ence state or quality of maintenance, eminence
-dom place or state of being freedom, kingdom
-er, -or one who trainer, fighter
-ism doctrine, belief communism, religionism
-ist one who Palmist, physiotherapist
-ity, -ty quality of ability, responsibility
-ment condition of argument, agreement
-ness state of being darkness, business
-ship position held friendship, partnership
-sion, -tion state of being admission, adultration

Suffix Meaning Example
Verb Suffixes
-ate become educate, eliminate
-en become enlighten, brighten
-ify, -fy make or become terrify, specify
-ize, -ise become civilize, utilise
Adjective Suffixes
-able, -ible capable of being capable, available
-al pertaining to national, optional
-ful notable for beautiful, careful
-ic, -ical pertaining to musical, logic
-ious, -ous characterized by notorious, famous
-ish having the quality of childish, feverish
-ive having the nature of talkative, attentive
-less without careless, speechless

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