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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-44th Day-P5

ELC-44th Day-P5

44th Day - Today we shall learn in detail about Noun.
Nouns are the most important words in English language. Many nouns look singular but they are used as plural and many nouns look plural but are used as singular. Understanding of Noun is essential for learning good English.

The Noun

Noun Phrase

A phrase is a group of words that act together as a single unit and do not convey a complete meaning. Phrase acts as a part of a clause or a sentence. A Noun phrase is a group of noun and determiners or quantifiers or adjectives or words or phrases that acts together as a single unit and play the role of a noun. The main word in noun phrase will be a noun. A noun phrase like any noun can act as a subject, an object, or a complement.

Phrase शब्दों का एक समूह है जो एक सिंगल इकाई की तरह कार्य करता है और पूरा अर्थ व्यक्त नही करता है । Phrase, clause या वाक्य के एक भाग के तौर पर कार्य करता है । Noun phrase, Noun और determiners या quantifiers या adjective या शब्द या phrase का समूह है जो एक सिंगल इकाई की तरह कार्य करता है और Noun का रोल अदा करता है । Noun phrase का मुख्य शब्द एक Noun होगा । Noun phrase भी किसी Noun की तरह वाक्य में subject, object या complement का कार्य कर सकता है ।
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वाक्य Sentence Noun Phrase
ये कुत्ते बहुत खतरनाक है । These dogs are very dangerous. These dogs
हमारे परिवार के सदस्यों ने हमेशा समाज के लिये कार्य किया है । Our family members have always worked for the society. Our family members
मेरे दोनो जूनियर आज छुट्टी पर है । Both of my juniors are on leave today. Both of my juniors
मेरे कुछ मित्र एकदम सूफ़ी है । Some of my friends are teetotaler. Some of my friends
नेता जो असेंब्ली में सो रहा था, को पार्टी अध्यक्ष द्वारा झिड़की लगाई गई है । The leader sleeping in the assembly has been reprimanded by his party chief. The leader sleeping in the assembly
मैंने दो तैरती हुई बत्तखों को नदी में देखा है । I have seen the two swimming ducks in the river. the two swimming ducks
पीछे देखने वाला शीशा, कार सुरक्षा का सर्वोत्तम साधन है । Rear view mirror is the best car safety tool. the best car safety tool
उसने एक नयी अवधारणा पेश की जिसे ज्यादा फीसदी श्रोताओं ने सबसे अधिक पसंद किया । She introduced a new concept that a large percentage of audience liked the most. a new concept that a large percentage of audience liked the most
वह अपने बैंक अकाउंट के बारे में चिंतित थी जो निष्क्रिय हो गया है । She was worried about her bank account that has become dormant. bank account that has become dormant

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Noun Gender

The Noun-Gender depicts about the sex of the noun. Gender can be divided into four parts:
(1) Masculine Gender (2) Feminine Gender (3) Common Gender (4) Neutral Gender

Noun Gender संज्ञा के लिंग के बारे में बताता है । लिंग को चार भागों में बांटा जा सकता है:
(1) पुर्ल्लिंग (2) स्त्रीलिंग (3) समान लिंग (4) नपुंसक लिंग

(1) Masculine Gender - Nouns which refer to male sex are called Masculine Gender. e.g. boy, lion, dog, king, father.

(1) पुर्ल्लिंग - ऐसे Noun जो male सेक्स को व्यक्त करते हैं पुर्ल्लिंग कहलाते हैं जैसे boy, lion, dog, king, father ।

(2) Feminine Gender - Nouns which refer to female sex are called Feminine Gender. e.g. girl, lioness, bitch, queen, mother.

((2) स्त्रीलिंग - ऐसे Noun जो female सेक्स को व्यक्त करते हैं स्त्रीलिंग कहलाते हैं जैसे girl, lioness, bitch, queen, mother ।

(3) Common Gender - Nouns which can be referred to both male and female are called Common Gender. e.g. Baby, child, friend, servant, student, teacher.

(3) समान लिंग - ऐसे Noun जो दोनो male और female को व्यक्त करे समान लिंग कहलाते हैं जैसे Baby, child, friend, servant, student, teacher ।

(4) Neutral Gender - Nouns which refer to a member of species which is neither male nor female are called Neutral Gender. e.g. Book, chair, table, car, school, star, tree.

(4) नपूंसक लिंग - ऐसे Noun जो उस जाति के सदस्य को व्यक्त करते हैं जो ना तो male है और ना ही female है, नपुंसक लिंग कहलाते हैं ।
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Rules of Changing Masculine Noun to Feminine Noun

1. For changing Masculine Noun to Feminine Noun, 'ess' is added in the manner - (i) Directly adding 'ess' with few nouns e.g. Heir-Heiress (ii) Removing vowel preceding to last consonant and adding 'ess' with few nouns e.g. Actor-Actress (iii) Changing in words and adding 'ess' with few nouns e.g. God-Goddess.

2. Changing first or second words of Hyphenated nouns to make Feminine Noun e.g. Land-lord - Land-lady, He-goat - She-goat, Grand-son - Grand-daughter.

3. Remaining nouns have no firm rule to change to Feminine e.g. Boy-Girl, Horse-Mare, Dog-Bitch.

1. पुर्ल्लिंग से स्त्रीलिंग में परिवर्तित करने के लिये 'ess' इस ढंग से जोड़ा जाता है - (i) कुछ Noun में सीधे शब्द के साथ 'ess' जोड़ना जैसे Heir-Heiress (ii) कुछ Noun में आखिरी consonant से पहले vowel को हटा कर 'ess' जोड़ना जैसे Actor-Actress (iii) कुछ Noun शब्द में कुछ परिवर्तन करके 'ess' जोड़ना जैसे God-Goddess ।

2. स्त्रीलिंग बनाने के लिये hyphen युक्त Noun शब्द के पहले या दूसरे शब्द को बदलना जैसे Land-lord - Land-lady, He-goat - She-goat, Grand-son - Grand-daughter ।

3. बाकि nouns का स्त्रीलिंग में परिवर्तित करने का कोई निश्चित नियम नही है जैसे : Boy-Girl, Horse-Mare, Dog-Bitch ।

List of Gender Noun

We have compiled a List of Masculine Noun and Feminine Noun. Please go through the List for better understanding.


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