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ELC-41st Day - Page-3

41st Day - Today also we shall learn about Infinitives.
Infinitive is a form of Non-Finite Verb. It is used in most of the sentences hence its knowledge is necessary.

The Infinitive

Bare Infinitive

Infinitive form without 'To' is called Bare Infinitive. Bare Infinitives (without 'To') are used in the following situations:

Bare Infinitive is used after Modals - may, might, can, could, will, would, shall, should, must, need, dare. Bare Infinitive is not used after two Modals - 'Ought To and Used To'. Two modals - need and dare are semi modals. Both can be used as an ordinary verb also. When need and dare are used as an ordinary verb, To+Infinitive comes after them.

"बिना 'To' के Infinitive फॉर्म को Bare Infinitive कहते हैं। Bare Infinitive (बिना 'To') का प्रयोग इन परिस्थितियों में किया जाता हैः"

Bare Infinitive Modals - may, might, can, could, will, would, shall, should, must, need, dare के बाद प्रयोग किये जाते हैं । Bare Infinitive दो Modal - 'Ought To और Used To' के बाद प्रयुक्त नही होते है । दो Modal - need और dare सेमी मॉडल है । दोनो साधारण वर्ब की तरह भी इस्तेमाल किये जा सकते हैं । जब need और dare साधारण वर्ब की तरह प्रयुक्त होते हैं, तब उनके बाद To+Infinitive आता है ।
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Other verbs with which Bare Infinitive is used in their Active Voice form are - let, make, see, hear, feel, help, watch, observe, overhear, notice, etc. To+Infinitive comes in the Passive Voice form of the above verbs except verb 'Let'. Bare Infinitive is used in the passive voice form of 'Let' also.

दूसरे वर्ब जिनके साथ Bare Infinitive उनकी Active Voice फ़ॉर्म में प्रयुक्त होते है, निम्न है - Let, make, see, hear, feel, help, watch, observe, overhear, notice, etc । सिवाय वर्ब 'Let' के इन वर्ब्स के Passive फ़ॉर्म में To+Infinitive का प्रयोग होता है । 'Let' के passive voice में भी Bare Infinitive प्रयुक्त होता है ।

A list of verbs followed by Bare Infinitive is given below:

Verb Verb Verb
Modal - will bid do nothing but
Modal - shall feel do anything but
Modal - may hear do everything but
Modal - can let conjunction than
Modal - might make had better
Modal - would notice had sooner
Modal - should observe rather than
Modal - must overhear sooner than
Modal - need see would rather
Modal - dare watch would sooner

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Examples

सीबीआई इस केस की छानबीन कर सकती है। CBI may investigate the case.
वह शायद ना आये। He might not come.
वह नृत्य नहीं करेगी। She will not dance.
वह बात करेगा। He would talk.
उसे नहीं जाना चाहिये। She should not go.
हमें आज चर्चा करने की जरूरत नहीं है। We need not discuss today.
उसे आज चर्चा करने की आवश्यकता है। He needs to discuss today.
वह मेरे अधिकार को चुनौती नहीं दे सकता है। He dare not challenge my authority.
वह ऐसा कहने का साहस करता है। He dares to speak so.
उसने हमें मशीन चलाने दी। He let us operate the machine.
हमनें उसका परिक्षण खत्म करवाया। We made her finish the experiment.
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उससे परिक्षण हमारे द्वारा बन्द करवाया गया। She was made to finish the experiment by us.
मैंने उसे आते देखा। I saw him come.
मैंने उसे बाथरुम में गाते सुना। I heard her sing in the bathroom.
मैंने उसके स्पर्श को महसूस किया। I felt her touch.
उसे बोलने दो। Let him speak.
उसे बोलने दिया गया। He was let speak.
यह वेबसाइट आपको अँग्रेज़ी सिखाने में मदद करती है। (हेल्प के साथ 'to learn' भी आ सकता है)। This website helps you learn English. (With help 'to learn' can also come).
कर्मचारी सिवाय विरोध के कुछ नहीं कर सकते। Workers can do nothing but protest.
मैं भाषण देने के अलावा कुछ भी कर सकता हूँ। I can do everything but deliver a speech.
अच्छा हुआ उसने मुझे पसन्द किया। She had better select me.
उसके साथ जाने के बजाये में सोना पसन्द करुंगा। I would sleep rather than go with her.
वर्तिका मधुर से ज्यादा होशियार है। Vartika is more intelligent than Madhur.

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