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ELC-38th Day - Page-3

38th Day - Today we shall learn about Modal Auxiliary Verbs. It is one of the most important subject of English language. We are going to start learning about each Modal in detail.
It is important to know the main points about Modals.

Modals

Might

'May' is used to express possibility or uncertainty of any happening. 'Might' is also used to express possibility or uncertainty where possibility is very less (only about 10-20%).

'Might' का अर्थ है 'शायद ही (जहाँ केवल 10-20% उम्मीद हो). May' का प्रयोग कोई घटना घटित होने या सम्भावना या अनिश्चितता को व्यक्त करता है । 'Might' का प्रयोग भी सम्भावना व्यक्त करने के लिए किया जाता है जहाँ बहुत कम सम्भावना हो (केवल 10-20%)।

Examples

वह शायद ही आ सकता है । He might come.
वह शायद भूखी होगी । She might be hungry.
मैं वचन नही देता हूँ । मैं शायद तुमसे मिलु । I don't promise. I might call you.
वह शायद हमारी कंपनी में चुना जाए । He might get selected in our company.
वह उससे शाम को शायद मिले । She might meet him in the evening.
वह VRS स्कीम के बारे में शायद कुछ जानता हो । He might know something about VRS scheme.
Election से पहले शायद यह उसका आखिरी भाषण हो सकता है । This might be his last speech before the election.
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This gift may please her - There is a possibilility of 50-60% that the gift may please her. This gift might please her - There is a remote possibility (only 10-20%) that the gift may please her. The difference of 'May' and 'Might' becomes visible by the voice tone expressing the good possibility or meek possibility.

This gift may please her - 50-60% सम्भावना है की गिफ्ट उसे खुश कर सकता है । This gift might please her - बहुत कम सम्भावना है (केवल 10-20%) की गिफ्ट उसे खुश करे । 'May' और 'Might' का अंतर आवाज के उतार चढ़ाव से स्पष्ट हो जाता है ।

'Might' is also used to make request. It expresses more politeness and shows hesitation or less confidence of the speaker. It also hints that the request may not be accepted.

'Might' का प्रयोग भी निवेदन/रिक्वेस्ट करने के लिये किया जाता है । यह ज्यादा शिष्टता व्यक्त करता है और वक्ता की झिझक और आत्मविश्वास की कमी को व्यक्त करता है । यह निवेदन के स्वीकृत ना होने की सम्भावना को भी इंगित करता है ।

Examples

क्या मैं तुम्हारी कार उधार ले सकता हूँ ? Might I borrow your car?
क्या मैं तुम्हारे चैयरमेन से मिल सकता हूँ ? Might I meet your Chairman?
क्या हम तुम्हारे खाली फ्लैट को 10 दिनों तक इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं ? Might we use your vacant flat for ten days?
क्या तुम आज बर्तन साफ कर सकते हो ? Might you clean the utensils today?
क्या तुम आज सड़क किनारे झाड़ू लगा सकते हो ? Might you sweep the roadside today?

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'Might' is the past tense of 'May'. In Direct Indirect, 'May' is changed to 'Might'.

'Might' 'May' का past tense है । Direct Indirect में 'May' को 'Might' में बदला जाता है ।

Examples

He said, "He may come today". He told that he might come that day.
She asked, "May she go to Chandigarh by bus"? She asked whether she might go to Chandigarh by bus.
Principal said to students, "You all may appear in the campus interview". Principal told students that they all might appear in the campus interview.
Her mother said to me, "She may agree to accompany her". Her mother told that she might agree to accompany her.
He said to Avyan, "You may dance in front of all". He told Avyan that he might dance in front of all.

May have / Might have

'May have/Might have' is used to express the possibility that something (action/event) has already happened. It is also used to say that by some time in the future, it is possible that something will have happened. Use of 'May/Might' in Perfect Tense - Third form of Verb is used after 'May have/Might have'.

'May have/Might have' का प्रयोग यह सम्भावना दर्शाने के लिये किया जाता है की कोई क्रिया हो चुकी है । इसका प्रयोग यह कहने के लिये भी किया जाता है की भविष्य के निर्दिष्ट समय तक किसी क्रिया के होने की सम्भावना है । Perfect Tense में 'May/Might' का प्रयोग - 'May have/Might have' के बाद वर्ब की 3rd फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग किया जाता है ।
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I am setting or will set a reminder in my mobile phone, otherwise I may/might forget my wedding anniversary.
She is normal today. She may/might have forgotten about the anniversary.
First sentence is talking about present or future possibility and the second sentence is talking about past possibility.

मैं अपने फोन में रिमाइंडर डाल रहा हूँ/डालूंगा, नही तो मैं अपनी शादी की वर्षगांठ भूल सकता हूँ (ऐसी सम्भावना है) । 
वह आज नॉर्मल है । वह शायद शादी की वर्षगांठ भूल गयी होगी ।
पहला वाक्य वर्तमान या भविषय की सम्भावना के बारे में कह रहा है और दूसरा वाक्य भूतकाल की सम्भावना के बारे में कह रहा है

Examples

मुझे लगता है अब तक शायद वह सो गयी होगी । I think she might have slept by now.
वे आज आगरा पहुंच चुके होंगे ऐसी सम्भावना है । They might have reached Agra by today.
तुम शायद मेरा नाम भूल गये हो । You might have forgotten my name.
वह एक दुर्घटना थी । ड्राइवर शायद चोटिल हो गया है ।(हमें सही जानकारी नही है परंतु सम्भावना है और शायद वह चोटिल हुआ है) That was an accident. The driver may have been injured. (We do not know the exact position but possibility exists and probably he is injured)
वह एक दुर्घटना थी । ड्राइवर चोटिल हो सकता था । (संभावना थी परंतु ड्राइवर चोटिल नही हुआ) That was an accident. He might have been injured. (There was a possibility but driver was not injured)
अगले मंड़े तक मैं अपना सौंपा हुआ काम खत्म कर सकता था । By next Monday, I might have completed my assignment.
अगले मंड़े तक मैं शायद अपना सौंपा हुआ काम खत्म कर सकता हूँ । By next Monday, I may have completed my assignment.
वह मुझे मीटिंग में आमंत्रित कर सकता था ( परंतु उसने नही किया) He might have invited me in the meeting (but he did not invite).
वह मुझे मीटिंग में आमंत्रित कर सकता है ऐसी सम्भावना है । He may have invited me in the meeting.
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किसने तुम्हारी अंगूठी चुराई होगी? Who might have stolen your ring?
उसने क्या किया होगा? What might he have done?
उससे ट्रेन छूट गयी होगी । (सम्भावना है) He may have missed the train (There is a possibility).
उससे ट्रेन छूट गयी होगी । (बहुत कम सम्भावना है) He might have missed the train (There is least possibility).
अब शायद कंप्यूटर चल रहा होगा ।(बहुत कम सम्भावना है) The computer might be working now (There is least possibility)
प्लमबर अब कार्य कर रहा होगा (ऐसी सम्भावना है) । The plumber may be working now.
असफलता के लिये उसे दोष दिया जा सकता है । (सम्भावना है) He may be blamed for the debacle.
असफलता के लिये उसे दोष दिया जा सकता है । (बहुत कम सम्भावना है) He might be blamed for the debacle.
वह शायद आपत्ति करे । He may protest.
वह शायद ही आपत्ति करे । He might protest.
तुम May/Might के प्रयोग शायद समझ गये होंगे (सम्भावना है) You may have understood the uses of May/Might.
तुम May/Might के प्रयोग शायद ही समझे होंगे (बहुत कम सम्भावना है) You might have understood the uses of May/Might.

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