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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-37th Day-P5

ELC-37th Day - Page-5

37th Day - We have learnt about Verb and its agreement with Subject. Today we will learn about Causative Verbs - Have, Get, Make, Cause, Let and their usages.
It is important to know about the Causative Verbs and interesting to learn the various uses of Causative verbs.

Make

'Make' as a causative verb indicates to force or order someone to do something, or cause an action to happen - Make somebody do something. 'Get' is used to convince someone to do something but 'Make' is used to force someone to do something.
'Make' means to force someone to do an action without giving them any option. In other words, they have to do it.

कारनवाचक क्रिया के तौर पर 'Make' किसी को कुछ करने का आदेश या दबाव डालने या कोई कार्य घटित होने का कारण बनता है - किसी को कुछ करने के लिये मजबूर करना. Get किसी को कुछ करने के लिए मनाने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है लेकिन Make किसी को कुछ करने के लिए मजबूर करने के लिए उपयोग किया जाता है।

'Make' has more force and authority than 'Get'. 'Make' is a stronger version of 'Cause'. Normally use of 'Get' indicates modesty, request and use of 'Make', 'Have' indicate force, compulsion for doing something.

'Make' में 'Get' से ज्यादा ताकत और प्रभाव है । 'Make' 'Cause' का बलवान रूप है । सामान्यतः 'Get' का प्रयोग विनम्रता, अनुरोध को व्यक्त करता है और 'Make', 'Have' का प्रयोग दबाव, विवशता को दर्शाता है । 

The causative verb make is always used along with base form of verb.

Rule : Subject + make + someone + base verb

वाक्य Sentence
मंजुला ने पूनम से नियमित रूप से दवाई लिवाई । Manjula made Poonam take her medicine regularly.
मधुर ने क्लास में बच्चों से गाना और डॉन्स करवाया । Madhur made the children sing & dance in the class.
भोंकते कुत्तो ने भिखारियों को दरवाजे से दूर भगाया। The barking dogs made beggars run away from the door.
उसने अपने पति से वह हीरे की अंगूठी खरीदवाई । She made her husband buy that diamond ring.
संजीदा पिक्चर साधारणतया औरतों को रुलाती है । Sad movies normally make women cry.
अध्यापक ने वर्तिका से ग्रह-कार्य दुबारा लिखवाया । The teacher made Vartika rewrite the homework.
प्रिन्सिपल ने शरारती बच्चों को कक्षा से बाहर खड़ा करवाया । The Principal made the naughty students stand outside the class room.
उसके एकाग्रचित ध्यान ने उसे चक्कर से आक्रांत किया (चक्कर महसूस करवाये) । His focused attention made her feel giddy.

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Rule : Subject + make + something + verb word

वाक्य Sentence
मैंने मशीन चालू करवाई । I made the machine work
बरसात ने पर्यटकों को सारा दिन होटल के अंदर रुकवाया । The rain had made the tourists stay in the hotel throughout the day.
पूनम ने लड़के को सुलाया । Poonam made the boy take a nap.
उसने कार की मोटर बाइक से रेस लगवाई He made the car race a motor bike.
विज्ञान ने मशीनों से कई घरेलू कार्य करवाये । Science has made machines do many domestic works.
ज्यादा सुविधा ने व्यवस्था को सुस्त किया । More facility has made the system lethargic.
ज्यादा गति ने कार को मोड़ पर फिसलाया । Over speed made the car skid at the turn.
दिल्ली में मेट्रो ने सड़क यातायात को सहज किया । Metro in Delhi made road traffic smooth.
जरूरत से ज्यादा हवा ने कार टायर फ़टवाया । Excess air made the car tyre burst.
Please also read Use of Make

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