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ELC-35th Day - Page-3

35th Day - Most of the Basic essential grammar topics have already been covered. Now the time is to learn the topics in detail. Today we will learn in detail about Verb.
Verb is the most important subject of English. We will cover it in detail.

The Verb

Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary Verbs are of two types:
1. Primary Auxiliary Verbs
2. Modals

Primary Auxiliary verbs (also known as Helping Verbs) are verbs that are used together with the main verb of the sentence to express the action or state. They support the main verbs to form the structure of sentence as per specific tense. Primary Auxiliary Verbs are of three types:

सहायक क्रिया वह क्रिया है जो वाक्य में मुख्य verb के साथ क्रिया या स्थिति को दर्शाने में प्रयुक्त होती है । यह मुख्य verb को प्रत्येक tense के अनुसार वाक्य बनाने में सहायक होती है ।

Auxiliary (Helping) Verbs have already been covered earlier. Few examples are given hereunder:

Verbs "TO BE" - Is, am, are, was, were
After Subject + Is, am, are, was, were; Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, gerund, etc. are used.
वह अर्थशास्त्री है । He is an economist.
यह मैं था । It was me.
यह मेरी है । It is mine.
वे गुंड़े है । They are hooligans.
वह खुश है । She is happy.
एकदम काला अंधेरा है । It is dark black.
मेरी मम्मी पूरी तरह थकी हुई है । My mother is fully tired.
वह उसकी कार थी । That was his car.
कल यह अच्छी हालत में थी । Yesterday it was in good condition.
आपके साथ डॉन्स करना बहुत अच्छा है । It is so nice dancing with you.
बीते वक़्त पर रोना ठीक नही है । It is no good crying over the past.
मेरा ऑफिस मेट्रो स्टेशन के नजदीक है । My office is near the Metro station.
These are used with W-family words to ask a question.
तुम्हारा नाम क्या है ? What is your name?
तुम्हारी पुस्तकें कौन सी है ? Which are your books?
तुम्हारे नजदीकी कहलाने वाले दोस्त कहाँ थे ? Where were your so called close friends?
तुम्हारे साथ कौन था ? Who was with you?
Use of 'To' Infinitive after Is, am, are, was, were
शान्तुर को अप्रेल में आना है । Shantur is to come in April.
मुझे सभी को अलविदा कहना है । I am to say good bye to all.
उनको रिसेप्शन पार्टी में शामिल होना था । They were to attend the reception party.
अब किसको दोष देना है । Now who is to be blamed?
क्या यह कार आज 400 मील चलनी है? Is this car to run 400 miles today?
Use of 'There' and 'It' with Is, am, are, was, were
रोड़ पर बहुत बड़ा जाम था । There was a big jam on the road.
हमारे अपार्टमेंट में बहुत फ्लैट खाली है । There are many vacant flats in our apartment.
बचने का कोई रास्ता नही है । There is no way to escape.
वहां कई विदेशी थे । There were many foreigners.
आपसे मिलना मेरी खुशी है । It is my pleasure to meet you.
यह उसकी बारी थी । It was his turn.
आपके साथ समय बिताना बहुत ही अद्भुत है । It is so wonderful to spend sometime with you.
योगा क्लास से जुड़ना एक समझदारी का कदम है । It is a wise step to join yoga classes.

Miscellaneous uses
तुम्हारा दोस्त यहाँ है! Here is your friend!
अमीर आदमी के लिये बहुत सारी विलासिता की वस्तुएँ खरीदना आसान है । It is easy for a rich person to buy a lot of luxuries.
निर्णय लिया है की उसकी मेल का जवाब नही देना है । It is decided not to respond to his mails.
काश मैं एक बाघ होता! If I were a tiger!
Verbs 'TO HAVE' - Has, have, had
मेरे पास तीन कार है । I have three cars.
उसके चार भाई है । She has four brothers.
उसके पांच घनिष्ठ मित्र थे । He had five close friends.
गाय की चार टांगे है । A cow has four legs.
रितिक के एक हाथ में 6 उंगलियां है । Hritik has six fingers in one hand.
मेरे कमरे में 2 अलमारी थी । My room had two almirahs.
मैंने ठीक 1 बजे मेरा लंच ले लिया था । I had my lunch at sharp 1 o'clock.
मुझे उससे बात करने में कोई दिक्कत नही आई थी । I had no problem in talking with her.
मुझे मेरे बॉस से कई मेल मिली थी । I had received number of mails from my boss.
उसकी अड़ियल प्रवृति है । She has a stubborn attitude.


Verbs 'TO DO' - Do, does, did
वह काम करता तो है (जरूर करता है) । He does work.
मैं आराम करता तो हूँ (अवश्य करता हूँ) । I do take rest.
वह उसे झिड़कती तो है (अवश्य झिड़कती है) । She does rebuke him.
मैंढक उछलता तो है (जरूर उछलता है) । Frog does jump.
मुझे फोन अवश्य करें । Do give me a ring.
मुझे शाम को अवश्य याद दिलांए । Do remind me in the evening.


Another type of Auxiliary Verbs (will, shall, may, can, may, would, should, could, might, must, ought, dare, need, used to) are known as Modal Verbs. We will learn about Modals in upcoming lessons.

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