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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-19th Day-P2

ELC-19th Day - Page-2

19th Day - Today we shall learn about Question Making. Question making is very important in any language. By making questions, we seek information from others. How many types of Questions are there? How do we make questions? Let us begin.

Question Making

In the examples given on the previous page, please note that :

1 'Helping Verb' is used with subject to make Tag type questions.
2 If statement is positive then Question Tag is Negative and if statement is negative then Question Tag is positive. In positive Imperative sentence, Question Tag can either be positive or negative but in negative Imperative sentence, Question Tag will be only positive.
3 'Comma(,)' is put after statement to write Question Tag.
4 When Question Tag is negative, we write short form of 'Negative Helping Verb' e.g. 'Are not we' is written as 'Aren't we'
5 Noun does not come in Question Tag. Pronoun comes in Question Tag e.g. If subject of statement is 'Avyan' then 'He' will come, If subject of statement is 'Vartika' then 'She' will come. The gender (male-female) and Singular/Plural of the pronoun will be decided as per Subject of the statement.

पिछले पृष्ठ में दिये गए उदाहरणों में आप नोट करें:

1 Tag Question बनाने के लिये सब्जेक्ट के साथ 'हेल्पिंग वर्ब' का प्रयोग किया जाता है ।
2 यदि कथन सकारात्मक है तो Tag Question नकारात्मक है और यदि कथन नकारात्मक है तो Tag Question सकारात्मक है ।
3 कथन के बाद 'कोमा (,)' लगाकर Tag Question लिखा जाता है ।
4 जब Question Tag नकारात्मक हो तो 'नेगेटिव हेल्पिंग वर्ब' को शोर्ट फोर्म में लिखते है जैसे - 'Are not we' को लिखेंगे 'Aren't we'
5 Question Tag के साथ नाउन नही, प्रोनाउन का प्रयोग होता है जैसे कथन में सब्जेक्ट 'अव्यन' है तो Question Tag में 'He' आयेगा और अगर सब्जेक्ट 'वर्तिका' हो तो 'She' लिखा जायेगा । Question Tag के सर्वनाम का निर्धारण - स्त्रीलिंग या पुर्लिंग या एक्वचन या बहुवचन, कथन के सब्जेक्ट के अनुसार होगा ।

Short form (Abbreviated form) of Negative Helping Verb

Helping Verb Short form of Helping Verb Helping Verb Short form of Helping Verb
Is not Isn't Are not Aren't
Am I not Aren't I Was not Wasn't
Were not Weren't Do not Don't
Does not Doesn't Did not Didn't
Has not Hasn't Have not Haven't
Had not Hadn't Will not Won't
Shall not Shan't Can not Can't
May not Mayn't Might not Mightn't
Would not Wouldn't Should not Shouldn't
Must not Mustn't Need not Needn't

Please remember if words 'This, That, Those, One, etc' comes alone, the Subject in Question Tag is different and if these are used as Adjective and Noun has come after these words, the Subject in Question Tag is as per the Noun word. Which word will be used for a Subject of statement in Question Tag -such list is compiled below. Please read carefully & understand it.

याद रखे जब शब्द 'This, That, Those, One, etc' अकेला आता है तो Question Tag का सब्जेक्ट अलग होता है और जब ये शब्द एड्जिक्टिव के तौर पर प्रयोग होते हैं अर्थात इन शब्दों के बाद नाउन का प्रयोग होता है तो Question Tag का सब्जेक्ट नाउन के अनुसार आता है । कौन सा शब्द स्टेटमेंट के सब्जेक्ट के लिये Question Tag में प्रयोग होगा - ऐसी लिस्ट नीचे दी गई है । कृपया इसे ध्यान से पढ़ें एवम् समझें ।

List of Subject Word in Statement and in Question Tag

Subject in Statement Subject in Question Tag Helping Verb Short form of Helping Verb
I I We We
All of us We Any of us We
Most of us We Either of us We
Neither of Us We You You
All of you You Any of you You
Most of you You Either of you You
Neither of you You Pawan Kumar He
Man He One guy he
That boy He Meha She
Woman She This girl She
These They Those They
Those ladies They These notebooks They
No one They None They
Anyone They Someone They
Everyone They Everybody They
Sombody They Nobody They
Dog It Cat It
It It This It
That It One horse It
That elephant It Nothing It
Anything It Something It
Everything It There There
One One Let us Shall we
Let him/they Will you Let you Will you

We will learn about other types of question in next day's lesson.

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