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ELC-18th Day - Page-2

18th Day - Today we shall learn about Articles - 'A/An' and 'The'. 'Articles' look small but it has great importance in English Grammar.

Articles - 'A/An' and 'The'

Article - The

'The' is known as a definite article as it is used for a particular thing or person. 'The' article is same for all genders in singular and in plural.

'The' आर्टिकल निश्चित व्यक्ति, वस्तु या स्थान की और संकेत करता है । 'The' आर्टिकल सभी सिंगुलर और प्लुरल के लिये सामान है । 

Use of 'The' Article

Before पहले Examples
Things of Nature or Unique प्राक्रतिक या बेजोड़ चीजें The Sun, the sky, the earth but 'The' is not used before Hell, Heaven, God, Parliament.
Directions (if preposition comes before it) दिशांए (जब इनसे पहले प्रेपॉज़िशन दिया हुआ हो) The sun rises in the east.
East or West, home is the best.
The names of Rivers, oceans, seas, hills, lakes, dams, trains, ships, deserts नदियों, समुंद्रों, महासागरों, पहाड़ों, झीलों, नहरों, डैम, जहाजों, मरुस्थलों, आदि के नाम से पहले । The Ganga, the Shatabdi Express, the Himalayas, the Bhakhra dam, the Sahara desert, the Arabian sea, the Indian ocean etc.
The names of newspapers, magazine, religious books. धार्मिक ग्रंथ, अखबार, पत्रिका, आदि के नाम से पहले । The Gita, the Indian Express, the India Today.
The names of historical buildings, public places, religious places. एतिहासिक भवनों, सार्वजनिक स्थलों, धार्मिक स्थानों के नाम से पहले । The Taj Mahal, The Golden Temple, The zoo.
The singular noun which represents the whole of its class उन सिंगुलर नाउन से पहले जो पूरी जाति का बोध कराते हैं । The dog is a faithful animal.


Before पहले Examples
The Proper noun which is used as a Common noun. उन प्रोपर नाउन से पहले जो कॉमन नाउन के रूप में प्रयोग किए गए हों । He is the Rustam of Japan.
The name of organisation of workshop, factory, party, bank. वर्कशॉप, फैक्टरी, पार्टी, बैंक, आदि के संगथन के नाम से पहले The Congress, The state bank of India.
Historical events एतिहासिक घटनांओ से पहले The battle of Panipat.
Big posts बड़े़ बड़े़ पदों के लिये The President, The Prime Minister, The Director
Words -evening, morning, afternoon (if words - last, next or every, is not coming before it) Evening/morning/afternoon से पहले (यदि इनसे पहले last, next या every शब्द ना दिया हुआ हो) In the evening, in the morning, last evening, every morning.
Superlative Degree सुपरलेटिव डिग्री से पहले The greatest, the most, the fastest
Comparative Degree (if 'than' is not used before it) कम्पैरेटिव डिग्री से पहले (यदि उसके आगे 'than' नही हो) । She is the wiser of the two. She is wiser than Suman. The older he grew, the worse he became.
The Common noun which has already been mentioned or which is already known. उन कॉमन नाउन से पहले जिनका उल्लेख पहले ही हो गया हो या उन शब्दों से पहले जिनसे पूर्व परिचय हो । There was a fox. The fox was hungry. I know the man who came here last night.


Before पहले Examples
Proper noun for making it plural. प्रोपर नाउन को बहुवचन बनाने के लिये । The Guptas, The Greens, the Sharmas
The Adjectives which are used as noun. उन एड्जिक्टिव से पहले जो नाउन के रूप में प्रयुक्त होते हैं । The rich, the brave, the poor.
The dates तिथी/तरीख से पहले Today is the 3rd of December.
After words 'All & Both' and before words 'Whole & Same') All और Both' के बाद तथा 'Whole और Same' से पहले All the boys, Both the girls, The whole class, The same shirt.
The thing which is specific or particular जब कोई खास चीज हो That is the house. The girl standing in the first row.
Community, castes सम्प्रदायों और जातियों से पहले The English (angrej log), The Hindus (Hindu log), The French
Normally 'The' is not used before the name of any country or person. But such countries which are united, 'The' is used before their name. अधिकतर किसी नाम के आगे (चाहे किसी आदमी का हो या देश का ) 'The' का प्रयोग नही होता है । लेकिन ऐसे देश जो संगथन से बने है उनके आगे 'The' का प्रयोग होता है । The UK, The USA, The UAE.


No Article

Zero Article No आर्टिकल Examples
The' is not used before School, college, church, prison when the purpose of going there is same for which it was meant for. School, college, bed, church, Prison से पहले 'The' का प्रयोग उस स्थिति में नही होता जब वहां जाने का उद्देश्य वही हो जिस हेतु उसका निर्माण किया गया है । I go to college daily (purpose-study), I go to bed (purpose-sleep), She goes to temple (purpose-prayer)
Article is not used before a noun which comes after the words - appoint, made, nominate, elect, declare वर्ड्स - Appoint, made, nominate, elect, declare के बाद आने वाले नाउन से पहले 'आर्टिकल' का प्रयोग नही होता । He is elected MP, He made him finance in charge, Viraat will be declared captain of Indian team.
Article' is not used before words - lunch, dinner, breakfast. वर्ड्स - Lunch, dinner, breakfast से पहले सामान्यतः 'आर्टिकल' नही लगाया जाता । I invited him to dinner, I had my breakfast, I shall have lunch at 2 pm.
Article' is not used before the name of Disease, Language & Colours. बीमारी, भाषा, रंग के नाम से पहले 'आर्टिकल' का प्रयोग नही होता । She died of dengue fever, I can speak English, She likes pink colour. If colour is used as an adjective, then Article is used e.g. She always keeps a red pen, She has a green saree.
Article is not used before plural noun when it refers to a class. प्लुरल नाउन से पहले आर्टिकल का प्रयोग तब नही होता जब वह किसी वर्ग को व्यक्त करता है । Doctors are normally humble. Teachers are strict towards students. Working women are normally over-stressed.
The' is not used before shops, banks, hotels which are affiliated with the name of persons who started them. कई shop, bank, hotel, church उन व्यक्तियों के नाम से जुड़े होते है जिन्होनें उसे शुरू किया है - इनसे पहले 'The' का प्रयोग नही होता । Raymonds (shop), McDonalds, Subway, Lloyds bank, St Paul's Cathedral.
The' is not used with the name of company कंपनियों के नाम के साथ भी 'The' का प्रयोग नही होता । Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Maruti, Colgate, Sony, Samsung.
The' is not used when possessive pronouns -My, His, Her comes before superlative degree सुपरलेटिव डिग्री से पूर्व यदि My, His, Her जैसे पज़ेसिव प्रोनाउन का प्रयोग हो तो 'The' का प्रयोग नही होता । She is my best friend, She is her best classmate, I am her dearest friend.
Many Buildings and Institutions names are made of two words out of which one word is of a person or place, 'The' is not used before them. कई बिल्डिंग और इंस्टीट्यूशन के नाम दो शब्दों से मिलकर बने होते हैं जिनमें से एक शब्द किसी व्यक्ति या स्थान का होता है, उससे पहले 'The' का प्रयोग नही होता । Victoria station, Indira Gandhi Airport, Chhatrapati Shiva jee Stadium.


More examples

अकबर एक महान राजा था । Akbar was a great king.
बांए रहो । Keep to the left.
भाड़ में जाओ । Go to hell.
भारत का बिलगेट कौन बनने जा रहा है? Who is going to be the Bill Gate of India?
बस की एक घंटे की सेवा है । There is an hourly bus service.
कश्मीर भारत का स्विटज़रलैंड है । Kashmir is the Switzerland of India.
क्या बात है? What is the matter?
क्या डाकिया मेरा पत्र ले आया? Has the postman brought my letter?
मैं स्नान करने जा रहा हूँ । I am going to take a bath.
मैं बिस्तर पर बैठा । I sat on the bed.
मैं बिस्तर पर लेटा । I lay on the bed.
मैं अर्थशास्त्र में बहुत अच्छा हूँ । I am very good in Economics.
मै् इंग्लिश सीख रहा हूँ । I am learning English.
मैंने तुम्हें चर्च के नजदीक पाया । I found you near the church
मैंने तुम्हें सेंट् पॉल चर्च के नजदीक पाया । I found you near St. Paul Church.
मतलब की बात करो । Come to the point.
सूर्य पश्चिम में अस्त होता है । The Sun sets in the west.
वह होशियार विध्यार्थी नही है । She is not a bright student.
यह सबसे अच्छी वेब साइटों में से एक है । This is one of the best web sites.

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