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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> The-Noun-P2

The Noun

Kinds of Noun

There are different kinds of Noun. Though there are different kinds of Noun, a Noun can fit into more than one type.

Noun Types

Common Noun Proper Noun
Countabe Noun Uncountable Noun
Collective Noun Compound Noun
Abstract Noun Concrete Noun
Possessive Noun

Common Noun -

Common Noun is a name given in common to every non-specific thing, person, place, etc. Common nouns begin with small letter. It begins with capital letter only if it is the first word of the sentence.

Common Noun –  आम व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान Common Noun है । इंग्लिश में इसका पहला अक्षर छोटा होता है । Common Noun का पहला अक्षर तभी capital लेटर से शुरू होता है जब वह वाक्य का पहला शब्द हो ।

Examples : toy, pen, room, garden, man, girl, month, day, chair, school, boy, car, are common nouns because each of these nouns refers to a common thing, place or person.

Proper Noun -

Proper Noun is a name given to a specific thing, person, place etc. Proper noun always begin with a capital letter.

Proper Noun - खास व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान Proper Noun है । Proper Noun को इंग्लिश में capital letter से शुरू करते हैं ।

Examples : Skoda Car, April, Monday, London, Mahatma Gandhi, India, are proper nouns because each of these nouns refers to a particular thing, place or person.


If a common noun is specified it becomes a proper noun. For example month is a common noun but if it is specified like April or September, it becomes proper noun.
Proper nouns are sometimes used as common nouns – He is the Dhanawaantree (the great Ayurveda doctor) of our family.

यदि Common Noun को खास बनाया जाये तो वह Proper Noun बन जाता है – जैसे month Common Noun है परंतु यदि इसे April या September का नाम दिया जाये तो यह Proper Noun बन जाता है ।
Proper Noun भी कभी कभी Common Noun के तौर पर इस्तेमाल होते है जैसे – वह हमारे परिवार का धन्वन्तरी (प्रसिद्ध आयुर्वेद डॉक्टर) है । 
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Proper Noun vs Common Noun

Common Noun Proper Noun
man Vivekanand, Gurudev Narain Dutt Shrimaliji
building Parliament, Burj Khalifa
park Meghdutam Park, Zoorassic Park
road Janpath Road, Ashoka Road
mountain Everest, Kanchenjunga
river The Ganga, The Thames
ocean Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean
country India, The USA
religion Hindu, Christianity
aircraft Miraj, Jet
Dog Spoty, Sheru

Countable Noun -

Countable nouns are the names of objects, people and things that we can count.

Countable Noun – व्यक्ति, वस्तु ओर स्थान जिसे गिना जा सकता है, Countable Noun है ।

Examples: book, pen, student, doctor, cat, woman.

Uncountable Noun -

Uncountable nouns are the names of objects, concepts, things, etc. which we cannot count.

Uncounable Noun –  ऐसी वस्तु या स्थिति जिसे गिना ना जा सके, Uncountable Noun है ।

Examples: milk, sugar, honesty, water, swimming, history, English, information.
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Countable Noun vs Uncountable Noun

Usages Countable Noun Uncountable Noun
Use of a, an or Number We can use a, an or number before countable nouns e.g. A pen, an orange, three books. A, an or number is not used before uncountable nouns e.g. Money, music, milk. For using Articles before uncountable noun, we put words "_____ of" between article and uncountable noun e.g. A glass of milk, an installment of money.
Countable Noun से पहले हम a, an या नंबर का प्रयोग कर सकते हैं जैसे : A pen, an orange, three books । A, an या नंबर का प्रयोग Uncountable Noun से पहले नही किया जाता है जैसे : money, music, milk । Uncountable Noun से पहले आर्टिकल्स लगाने के लिये हम आर्टिकल्स और Uncountable Noun के बीच शब्द "____of " लगाते हैं जैसे : A glass of milk, an installment of Money ।
Plural form Countable nouns can have plural forms e.g. Dogs, birds, cars. Uncountable nouns are treated singular noun. It is incorrect to add 's/es' with uncountable nouns - moneys, milks, waters. There are certain Uncountable nouns which look plural but they are singular nouns like : News, economics.
Countable Noun का प्लुरल फ़ॉर्म हो सकता है जैसे : Dogs, birds, cars । Uncountable Nouns सिंगुलर माने जाते हैं । Uncountable Noun में 's/es' जोड़ना सही नही है - moneys, milks, waters । कुछ Uncountable Noun दिखने में प्लुरल लगते हैं किन्तु वे सिंगुलर माने जाते हैं जैसे : News, economics.
Use of - some, any and a lot of Words - Some, any and a lot of can be used with countable nouns e.g. some computers, any train, a lot of messages Some,any and a lot of can be used with uncountable nouns also e.g. some oil, any wine, a lot of whisky
शब्द - Some, any और a lot of, countable Noun के साथ प्रयुक्त हो सकते हैं जैसे : Some computers, any train, a lot of messages शब्द - Some, any और a lot of, Uncountable Noun के साथ प्रयुक्त हो सकते हैं जैसे : Some oil, any wine, a lot of whisky
Use of - many, few, much and little Words - many and few are used with countable nouns - many dishes, few customers. Words - much and little are used with uncountable nouns e.g. much rice, little coffee.
शब्द - Many और few countable Noun के साथ प्रयुक्त होते हैं जैसे : Many dishes, few customers शब्द - Much और little Uncountable Noun के साथ प्रयुक्त होते हैं जैसे : Much rice, little coffee ।

Some nouns can be used as countable or uncountable based on their meaning in the sentence. Normally a noun is uncountable when it is used in general meaning (Not as a separate thing) and becomes countable noun when it is used in a particular meaning (As a separate thing). For example - Taj Mahal is made of marble stones. (Uncountable noun). Taj Mahal is made of one thousand Marble Stones.(Countable noun).

वाक्य में उनके अर्थ के आधार पर कुछ Noun Countable और Uncountable की तरह प्रयुक्त हो सकते हैं । आमतौर पर Noun Uncountable होता है जब साधारण अर्थों में इसका प्रयोग होता है (अलग वस्तु की तरह नही) और countable Noun बन जाता है जब इसका किसी खास अर्थ में प्रयोग होता है (अलग वस्तु की तरह) । उदाहरण - ताज महल मार्बल पत्थर से बना है । (Uncountable Noun) । ताज महल 100 मार्बल पत्थरों से बना है । (countable Noun) ।

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