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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Tenses >> Present Indefinite Tense2

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संपूर्ण वेबसाइट की सामग्री और यह पृष्ठ हिंदी वर्णमाला के साथ भी लिखा गया है।
हिंदी को वास्तविक हिंदी वर्णमाला में पढ़ने के लिए, कृपया यहाँ क्लिक करें।

  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
  2. Present_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  3. Present_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
View a Sentence in all types of Tenses

Present Indefinite (Simple) Tense - Page-2

Present Indefinite Tense - Positive

Present Indefinite Tense
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive Subject + Verb (Ist form) + s/es + Object + (.)

In present indefinite tense, if the subject is third person singular, ‘s’ or ‘es’ is added with first form of verb.

Present indefinite tense meiN verb key saath ‘s’ yaa ‘es’ kaa prayog tabhee karate hai jab vaakya kaa subject third person singular ho.

What is First person, Second person and Third person.
First person I and We Speaking person
Second person you Person to whom spoken
Third person he, she, it, they,Ram Person(s) about whom/which spoken. (Everyone except I, we & you).
Pahalaa vyakti MaiN aur hum Bolane waalaa vyakti
Doosaraa vyakti Tum Jis vyakti ko kahaa jaataa hai
Teesaraa vyakti Vaah, Vey, Ram vyakti/vastu jisake baare meiN kahaa jaataa hai.(MaiN, Ham aur Tum - 'I, we, you' ko chhoD kar duniyaa kee baakee sab cheeje)

He studies in college / I study in school. - Subject 'He' is third person singular, hence 's/es' is added with the verb and 'I' is first person hence 's/es' is not added with the verb.

Dog barks / Dogs bark - Here 's/es' is added when subject is third person singular and 's/es' is not added when subject becomes third person plural.

He studies in college / I study in school. - Kartaa 'He' teesaraa vyakti (ekvachan) hai isliye 's/es' ko verb ke saath joDaa gayaa hai aur Kartaa 'I' pahalaa vyakti hai isliye 's/es' verb ke saath nahee joDaa gayaa hai.

Dog barks / Dogs bark - Kartaa 'Dog' teesaraa vyakti (ekvachan) hai isliye 's/es' ko verb ke saath joDaa gayaa hai aur jab Karta teesaraa vyakti hee hai parantu bahuvachan ho jaataa hai tab verb ke saath 's/es' nahee joDaa jaataa.

Present Indefinite Tense - Positive MaiN Ravivaar ko Church jaataa hoon.
Person Subject Observe addition of 's' or 'es' with verb
Ist Person -Singular I Go to Church on Sunday.
Ist Person -Plural We Go to Church on Sunday.
2nd Person You Go to Church on Sunday.
3rd Person -Singular He/She/It/Ram/Seema Goes to Church on Sunday.
3rd Person -Plural They/boys Go to Church on Sunday.


General rule of adding ‘s’ or ‘es’ with verb

"es" is added with verb which ends with letter" " Examples
"O" Go-goes, Do-does,
"CH" Teach-teaches, Fetch-fetches
"SS" Miss-misses, Kiss-kisses
"SH" Finish-finishes, Wash-washes
"X" Box-boxes, fax-faxes
When last letter of verb is 'y' and second last letter is a consonant, then for adding 's' with the verb, the letter 'y' is replaced with 'ies' jaise - study-studies, cry-cries, try-tries. When last letter of verb is 'y' and second last letter is a vowel, then we just add 's' after 'y' jaise - obey-obeys, play-plays, day-days.
In almost other cases, "s" is added with the verb.

A sentence must have a verb. When another verb comes in the sentence, 'To' is used before another verb(s) (other than main verb). e.g. He goes to park to see Anita. Here main verb is 'go' which is used as per rule of the tense and another verb is 'see' hence 'to' is used before verb 'see'.

When 'Come or Go' is used before name of places in a sentence, 'To' is used after 'Come/Go' 'To' is not used before the words - 'Home / Abroad / Here / There'

Vaakya kaa lagbhag pahalaa shabd Subject hotaa hai. Jis shabd ke ant meiN 'naa, nee, ne' kaa prayog ho use verb kahate hai (jaise-likhanaa, paDhanaa, sonaa, aadee)

Hindi ke vaakyo meiN mukhya verb Kaal ke niyamaanusaar hotaa hai jaise khelataa hoon, khelaa, khelungaa, aadee. Jab Hindi ke vaakya meN, verb ke ant meiN 'naa/ne' kaa prayog ho to ham verb se pahale 'To' kaa prayog karate hai (jaise - Vah park meiN Anita se milane jaataa hai - is vaakya meiN verb 'milane' ke ant meiN 'ne' aayaa hai atah is se pahale 'to' kaa prayog karenge - (He goes to park to see Anita.)

Sthaan se pahale jab bhee 'come/go' kaa prayog ho to 'come/go' ke baad apanee taraf se 'To' kaa prayog karate hai. In shabd 'Home / Abroad / Here / There' se pahale 'To' kaa prayog nahee karate hai.


Vaakya Sentence
Ham Jaipur jaane kee yojanaa banaate hai. We plan to go to Jaipur.
Ve videsh jaane kee yojanaa banaate hai. They plan to go abroad.
Kripayaa yahaaN aaiye. Please come here.
Kripayaa vahaaN jaaiye. Please go there.
Kripayaa mere paas aao. Please come to me.
Vah ghar jaataa hai. He goes home.
Maa apane bachche kee rakShaa karane ke liye jhooTh bolatee hai. Mother tells lie to protect her child.
Vah kewal khaane ke liye ghar aataa hai. He comes home only to take food.
Heena kaam karane Borivali jaatee hai. Heena goes to work to Borivali.
Netaa vote maangane aate hai. Leaders come to ask for vote.
Shilpa college mastee karane jaatee hai. Shilpa goes to college to enjoy.
Kanika exam pass karane ke liye kaDee mehnat karatee hai. Kanika works hard to pass the examination.
MaiN meree galtee maanataa hoon. I admit my mistake.
Manu roj akhbaar paDhataa hai. Manu reads newspaper daily.
Surya chamakataa hai. The sun shines.
Taare chamakate hai. The stars twinkle.
Tum dono kheer pasand karate ho. Both of you like kheer.

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