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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Tenses >> Past Indefinite Tense2
Tenses
  1. Present_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2 - P3 - P4
  2. Present_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  3. Present_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  4. Present_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  5. Past_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  6. Past_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  7. Past_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  8. Past_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  9. Future_Indefinite_Tense Page - P2
  10. Future_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
  11. Future_Perfect_Tense Page - P2
  12. Future_Perfect_Continuous_Tense Page - P2
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Past Indefinite Tense - Page-2

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Did + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Did + Subject + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)


Past Indefinite Interrogative sentence starts with 'Did' and Ist form of verb is used instead of 2nd form of Verb. In Interrogative & Negative sentence, 'Not' is added just before the verb (Ist form).

Past Indefinite Interrogative vaakya 'Did' se start hote hai aur isame verb kee first form kaa istemaal hotaa hai. Isake prashnavaachak aur nakaaraatmak vaakyo meiN 'Not' verb se pahale lagataa hai.

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative Kyaa hamane use kuchh rupaye udhaar diye?
Person Did Subject Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person Did I lend him some money?
Ist Person -Plural Did we lend him some money?
2nd Person Did you lend him some money?
3rd Person -Singular Did he/she/it/Ram lend him some money?
3rd Person -Plural Did they/boys lend him some money?

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative Kyaa ve mandir nahee gaye?
Person Did Subject Not + Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person Did I not go to temple?
Ist Person -Plural Did we not go to temple?
2nd Person Did you not go to temple?
3rd Person -Singular Did he/she/it/Ram not go to temple?
3rd Person -Plural Did they/boys not go to temple?

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Examples
Usane meree taarif kee. He appreciated me
Unahone hamaaraa baDaa swaagat kiyaa. They gave us a warm welcome.
Maine saanp ko nahee maaraa. I did not kill the snake.
Kutte ne use nahee kaataa. The dog did not bite him.
Kyaa tumane meraa pen Ankita ko diyaa? Did you give my pen to Ankita?
Maine apane pitaa jee se paraamarsh nahee kiyaa. I did not consult my father.
Kyaa tumane vaad-vivaad meiN bhaag nahee liyaa? Did you not take part in debate?
Maine usake saath jaanaa pasand nahee kiyaa. I did not want to go with him.
Vah usase kal nahee milee. She did not meet him yesterday.
Kyaa usane Robert ko saDak par thappaD maaraa? Did she slap Robbert on the road?
Kyaa tumane galati nahee kee? Did you not make a mistake? / Didn't you make a mistake?
Nahee, Maine nahee. / Haan, maine kee. No, I didn't. / Yes, I did.
Kyaa tumane mujhe yaad kiyaa? Did you remember me?
Maine apane ghar par kisee ko yaad nahee kiyaa. I did not remember anybody at my home.
Maine kal apane kapaDe nahee dhoye. I did not wash my clothes yesterday.

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'Did' is also used to emphasise something in Past Indefinite Tense

Kisee baat par jor dene ke liye bhee 'Did' kaa prayog hotaa hai

Sentence Vaakya
He did learn his lesson daily. Usane pratidin apanaa paaTh avashya yaad kiyaa.
She did know Ankit. Vah Ankit ko avashya jaanatee thee.
I did consult my brother on this topic. Maine is topic par mere bhai se avashya paraamarsh kiyaa.

In Past Indefinite Tense, time may or may not come. In the sentences which appears as present perfect tense or past perfect tense and time is mentioned, then it is also translated in past indefinite tense. Time is main important fact in differentiating Past Indefinite Tense.

Past Indefinte Tense vaakyo meiN samay kaa prayog ho bhee sakataa hai aur nahee bhee. Jo vaakya dikhane meiN Present Perfect Tense yaa Past Perfect Tense lagate hai lekin agar usame samay aa jaye, to vah Past Indefinite ke antargat aa jaate hai.
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Sentence Vaakya
Anuj killed his wife. Anuj ne apanee patnee ko maar diyaa.
(action kuchh samay pahale - Past Indefinite Tense)
Anuj has killed his wife. Anuj ne apanee patnee ko maar diyaa hai.
(action vartmaan meiN bolate samay - Present Perfect Tense)
Anuj killed his wife at 3 o'clock. Anuj ne apanee patnee ko teen baje maar diyaa hai.
(action kaa samay diyaa hua hai - Past Indefinite Tense)
You abused him. Tumane use gaaliaaN dee.
(action kuchh samay pahale - Past Indefinite Tense)
You have abused him. Tum use gaaliaaN de chuke ho.
(vartmaan meiN bolate samay - Present Perfect Tense)
You abused him yesterday. Tumne use kal gaaliaaN dee hai.
(action kaa samay diyaa hua hai - Past Indefinite Tense)

Note:
Few sentences describing the Rule are given in table for each type of Sentences. Please understand the meaning of sentences and read them with a voice. You may listen or confirm the correct Pronunciation of each word from online dictionary. Please change the subject , verb & object with the words you may use in your day-to-day communication and read them again & again. This will not only help you to understand the Rule, but also help you to roll your tongue to speak English in natural way. Besides learning basics of English, practice of loud reading and listening English news/programs are mandatory requirements of learning/speaking good English.

Har prakaar ke vaakyo ke Rule ko samajhate huay table meiN kuchh vaakya diye huay hai. Kripayaa arth ko samajhate hauy aawaaj ke saath paDhe. Aap online dictionary se har shabd kaa sahee uchchaaraN samajh sakate hai. Alag subject, verb aur object lagaakar ( un shabdoN ke saath badalkar jo aap apanee rojmarraa kee bolchaal meiN istemaal karate ho) baar baar bolkar paDhe. Isase naa kewal vah Rule aapako samajh meiN aa jaayegaa, bulki yah appakee jihwaa ko natural tareeke se bolane meiN madad karegaa. English ke basic niyamo ko seekhane ke alaawaa, aawaaj ke saath bolakar paDhanaa aur English sunanaa, achchhee English seekhane/bolane ke liye bahut jarooree hai.

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