|Parts of Speech|
Main Units of English Sentence -Vaakya kee Mukhya Ekaai
|Letter =||There are 26 letters (21 consonants and 5 vowels)|
|Consonants - B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y and Z|
|Vowels- A, E, I, O and U.|
|Word =|| A word is a group of letters, which has some meaning. Like word ‘boy’ has three letters b, o and y. |
Example Play, boy, girl, drink, dance, country, flag are words
|Sentence =|| A group of words, which conveys a complete meaning, is called a sentence. A sentence must contain a verb. A sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop (.) or question mark (?) or an exclamation mark (!). |
Example Children play in the garden.
The above group of words is conveying a complete meaning.
Group of words which does not convey a complete meaning like "Rajan garden walk evening" is not called a sentence.
|AkShar =||English bhaaShaa meiN 26 akShar hai (21 vyanjan aur 5 swar)|
|Shabd =|| AkSharon kaa samooh, jisakaa koi saarthak arth ho, use shabd kahate hai. |
UdaaharaN Khelnaa, laDakaa, laDakee, desh, glass, aadee.
|Vaakya =|| Shabdo ke samooh ko, jisakaa koi saarthak arth nikale, use vaakya kahate hai Vaakya meiN ek kriyaa (verb) jaroor honee chaahiye. English vaakya kaa pahalaa akShar Capital hotaa hai aur aakhir meiN full stop (.) yaa prashnwaachak chinh(?) yaa vismayabodhak chinh (!) aataa hai. |
UdaaharaN Bachhey park meiN khelate hai.
Uprilikit shabdoN kaa samooh ek poorN arth bataataa hai.
Shabdo kaa vah samooh jo poorN arth naa bataaye -Jaise "Rajan park chalanaa sham" jisakaa koi poorN arth nahee nikalataa, vaakya nahee kehlaataa.
Kinds of Sentences - Vakyo kaa prakaar
Sentences are of four kinds:
Vaakya chaar prakaar ke hotey hai.
Assertive or Declarative Sentences
A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called an assertive or declarative sentence.
Avyan is singing a song.
He is a doctor.
Vah vaakya jisame koi kathan ho yaa jo varNan yaa vyaakhyaan kare, Kathanvaachak vaakya kahlaataa hai.
Avyan gaanaa gaa rahaa hai.
Vah doctor hai.
A sentence that asks a question is called an interrogative sentence. Interrogative sentence ends with a question mark(?).
What is your name?
Do you love action movies?
Vah vaakya jo prashnA kare, Prashnavaachak vaakya kahlaataa hai.
Kyaa naam hai tumhaaraa?
Kyaa tumhe maar-dhaD waalee filme pasand hai?
A sentence that expresses a command or request is called an imperative sentence. Imperative sentences are addressed without naming the subject. Hence subject is left out from the sentence.
Always obey your parents.
Vah vaakya jo aadesh, updesh yaa nivedan kare, Aadeshaatmak vaakya kahlaataa hai.
Hameshaa apane Maataa-Pitaa kaa kahanaa maano.
A sentence that expresses strong feelings or emotions is called an exclamatory sentence. Exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark(!).
Hurrah! India won the match!
Alas! Ruby lost her mother!
Vah vaakya jo prabal ahsaas ya bhaavanaao kee abhivyakti kare, Vismayaadibodhak vaakya kahlaataa hai.
Vaah-Vaah! India match jeet gayaa.
Oh(haay)! Ruby ne apanee maa ko kho diyaa.
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