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Parts of Speech
  1. Sentence
  2. Subject_Predicate
  3. Noun
  4. Pronoun
  5. Verb
  6. Helping_Verb
  7. Adjective
  8. Adverb
  9. Preposition
  10. Preposition List
  11. Conjunction
  12. Interjection

Pronoun -Sarvnaam

Pronouns - Pronouns are words that are used in place of nouns. Pronoun means ‘for a noun’.

Sarvanaam – Sangyaa ke sthaan par prayog hone waalaa shabd sarvanaam hai. Sarvanaam kaa matlab ‘sangyaa ke liye’.

Example: Avyan is also a member of the Jury.
So, he is also responsible for the Judgement.

In the first sentence the word ‘Avyan’ is the name of a person. So Avyan is a noun. When we wrote about the same person in the sentence, we used the word ‘He’ in place of Avyan. ‘He’ is a pronoun.

Pahale vaakya meiN Avyan vyakti kaa naam hai. Avyan Sangyaa hai. UdahaaraN meiN jab doosare vaakya meiN Avyan ke baare meiN kahaa gayaa hai, tab Avyan ke liye ‘Vah’ shabd kaa prayog huaa hai. ‘Vah’ sarvanaam hai.


Example: Jaipur is a pink city. It has many tourist places.
In these sentences, Jaipur is a noun. It is a pronoun.

Rules for Pronouns

A pronoun must agree with the noun it represents. If the noun is singular, the pronoun must be singular; if the noun is plural, the pronoun must be plural and if the noun is feminine, the pronoun must be feminine .

Sarvaneem Sangyaa ke anurup hee hona chaahiye. Sangyaa agar singular hai to sarvanaam singular honaa chaahiye, sangyaa agar plural hai to sarvanaam plural honaa chaahiye aur sangyaa agar istriling hai to sarvanaam bhee istriling honaa chaahiye.

Example:
A dog was barking. It was black.
Few dogs were not barking at night. They were also black.

Types of Pronouns

There are eight types of Pronouns. Brief description of each type of pronoun is given in the table given below:

Sarvanaam aath prakaar ke hote hai. Sabhee sarvanaam kaa sankShipt vivaraN neeche table meiN diyaa gayaa hai.


Type Brief description SankShipt vivaraN Pronouns
Personal Pronoun Describes a particular person or thing or group. Vyakti, vastu ke baare meiN bataataa hai. I, you, he, she, it, we and they.
Possessive Pronoun Indicates close possession or ownership or relationship of a thing/person to another thing/person. Vyakti/vastu kaa doosare vyakti/vastu ke beech kaa sambandh bataataa hai. mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs.
Reflexive Pronoun Describes noun when subject's action turns back upon the subject itself. Reflexive pronouns always act as objects not subjects, and they require an interaction between the subject and an object. Subject ke khud kaa prabhaav khud par bataataa hai. himself, yourself, herself, ourselves, themselves, itself.
Demonstrative Pronoun Points out to a person, place, or thing. Kisee vyakti, vastu, sthaan ko ingit karataa hai. this, that, these, those.
Relative pronoun Describes a noun which is mentioned before and more information is to be given about it. It joins relative clause and relative sentence. It does double work - the work of a pronoun and also the work of a conjunction. Vaakya meiN pahale aaye huay noun ke baare meiN bataataa hai or pahale or doosare vaakya ko jodataa hai. who, whose, which, that, etc..
Interrogative Pronoun Is used to ask a question. PrashnA poochhataa hai. who, what, where, which, whose, whom.
Indefinite Pronoun Refer to persons or things in general. Vastu/sthaan ko sadhaaraNatayaa bataataa hai One, many, all, some, somebody, someone, few, many, others, nobody, everybody etc
Distributive Pronoun Used to indicate all the members of the representative group. Group ke sabhee sadasyoN ko ek saath ingit karataa hai. Each, everyone, either and neither 

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Please study the following table for more understanding of Pronouns
Singular Pronoun Ekvachan Sarvnaam
Person Personal subject Personal object Possessive Reflexive Personal Personal object Possessive Reflexive
First I me my/mine myself maiN mujhe mera apane aap
Second you you your yourself tum tumharaa tumharaa tumane apane aap
Third male he him his himself vah use usakaa usane apane aap
Third female she her her herself vah use usakaa usane apane aap
Third neutral it it its itself yah vah isakaa isane apane aap
Plural Pronoun Bahuvachan Sarvnaam
First we us our ourselves ham ham/ hame hamaaraa Hamane apane aap
Second you you your yourselves tum tumharaa tumharaa tumane apane aap
Third male they them their themselves vey unakaa unake unhone apane aap
Third female they them their themselves vey unakaa unake unhone apane aap
Third neutral they them their themselves vey unakaa unake unhone apane aap



Examples:
Sentence Vaakya Pronoun
I am young MaiN jawaan hoon. I
This is my book. Yah meree pustak hai. this, my
This book is mine. Yah pustak meree hai. this, mine
The idea of my wife was excellent. Meree patnee kaa sujhaav baDhiyaa thaa. my
He loves his dog and it also loves him. Vah apane kutte ko pyaar karataa hai aur vah (kutta) bhee use pyaar karataa hai. he, his, it, him
It was I who started the dance. Yah maiN thaa jisane dance kee shuruvaat kee thee. it, I
It is winter. It is very cold. Sardi hai. Bahut ThanD hai. it, it
I met Vartika who had just returned from USA. MaiN Vartika se milaa jo abhee USA se vaapas aaiee hai. I, who
Each of the participants, got prize. Har ek bhaagalene waalo ko inaam milaa. each
Either of you can go to office. Tum meiN se koi ek office jaa sakataa hai. Either, you
I have lost the pen that my teacher gave me Maine vah pen kho diyaa jo mere teacher ne mujhe diyaa thaa. I, that, my, me



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