|Parts of Speech|
Preposition - Purvasarg
Preposition is a word that indicates relationship between noun or pronoun and the other words in a sentence.
e.g. in, on, at, to, with, under, above, into, by, of, etc
Preposition is always used before a noun or pronoun.
Preposition vah shabd hai jo noun yaa pronoun kaa vaakya ke doosare shabdoN ke beech kaa sambandh bataataa hai. Preposition hameshaa noun yaa pronoun
se pahale aataa hai.
Use of Preposition
On or Upon > = Ke upar - jab koi cheej touch kare
My book is on the table. My pen is also on the table
Meree pustak table par hai. Meraa pen bhee table par hai.
Over > = Ke upar - jab koi cheej touch naa kare
The fan is over my head. The clock is over Madhur's head.
Pankhaa mere seer ke upar hai. GhaDee Madhur ke seer ke upar hai.
In > = MeiN
We are sitting in the drawing room. Rajani is living in Mumbai.
Ham drawing room meiN baiThe hai. Rajani Mumbai meiN rahatee hai.
Into > = MeiN - jab koi cheej kisee meiN ghus jaaye
The boy jumped into the river. The car dashed into the showroom.
Ladakaa paanee meiN kood gayaa. Car Takaraa ke showroom meiN ghus gai.
Within > = Ke andar
I shall finish this work within five days. Raman will come from Agra within five hours.
MaiN yah kaam 5 din meiN khatma kar lungaa. Raman Agra se paanch ghanTe meiN aa jaayegaa.
Under > = ke neeche
My feet are under the table. The bag is lying under the chair.
Mere paaoN table ke neeche hai. Bag kursee ke neeche hai.
Of > = Ka, ke , kee
Prashant is brother of Shantur. He is a student of Birla School.
Prashant Shantur kaa bhai hai. Vah Birla school kaa vidhyaarthee hai.
Off > = Sambandh vichchhaaid yaa rishto kaa tutanaa
Switch off the light. Take off your clothes.
Bijalee kaa baTan band karo. Apane kapaDe utaaro.
From > = Sey
Ankit has come from Delhi. India has taken loan from world bank.
Ankit Delhi se aayaa hai. India ne world bank se loan liyaa hai.
For > = Ke liye
My heart is beating for you. I have brought a pencil for Viyaan.
Meraa dil tumhaare liye dhaDak rahaa hai. MaiN Viyaan ke liye pencil laya hoon.
At > = Kee taraf
Why are you looking at me? He threw the ball at my side.
Tum meree taraf kyoN dekh rahe ho? Usane ball meree taraf phenkee.
With > = Ke saath
I play with my friends. Avyan will go to school with us.
MaiN apane dosto ke saath khelataa hoon. Avyan hamaare saath school jaayegaa.
By > = Ke dwara
This has been broken by Shyam. This letter has been written by Sarla.
Yah Shyam ke dwaaraa toDaa gayaa hai. Yah patra Sarla ke dwaaraa likhaa gayaa hai.
After > = Ke baad
Kanika will come from school after Vartika. Papa goes to office after Daadaajee.
Kanika Vartka ke baad school se aayegee. Paapaa Daadaajee ke baad office jaate hai.
Against > = Ke virudh
Raj complains against Jay. India is playing against Pakistan.
Raj Jay ke virudh shikaayat karataa hai. India Pakistan ke khilaaf khel rahaa hai.
About > = Baare meN
Tell me something about your city. Tell about your success.
Apane shahar ke baare meiN kuchh bataao. Apanee safalataa ke baare meiN bataao.
Prepositions - At, In and On are very commonly used in English. More examples of its meaning and use with reference to 'Time' and 'Place' is given below:
Preposition -At, In and On, English meiN bahut jyaadaa istemaal hote hai. Samay aur sthaan ke sandarbh meiN inake aur udaaharaN neeche diye hai.
for a specific place/a point > = Kisee nishchit sthaan yaa point ke liye
e.g. at college, at home, at school, at the bottom, at the bus stop, at the corner, at the door, at the end of the road, at the enterance, at the party, at the top, at university, at work, at school, etc
There is a mark at the bottom of the box. He is meeting her at the bus stop. He is at home. He will be available at his work. He will always remain at the top.
Box ke tale pe nishaan hai. Vah use bus stop par mil rahaa hai. Vah ghar par hai. Vah kaam ke sthaan par milegaa. Vah hameshaa shikhar par rahegaa.
for a precise time > = Kisee nishchit samay ke liye
e.g. 5 o'clock, 05.30 am, at noon, at dinnertime, at bedtime, at sunrise, at sunset, at the moment, at right moment, at night, at the weekend.
Please wake up at 05.30 am. Let us discuss the issues at dinnertime. No fighting at bedtime. Birds start chirping at sunrise. I am busy at the moment. You have come at the right moment. We shall go to Mumbai at the weekend.
Kripayaa subah 05.30 baje uthe. Aaiye masaloN par dinner ke samay charchaa kareN. Sone ke samay koi laDaai nahee. Suryodaya par pakShee chahachahaanaa shuru karate hai. Is kShan maiN vyast hoon. Saptaahaant par ham Mumbai jaayenge.
for a place having some boundary (enclosed area) > = Aisa sthaan jisakee kisee prakaar kee boundary ho
e.g. in a boat, in a box, in a car, in a lift, in a row, in a taxi, in Delhi, in my pocket, in the garden, in the kitchen, in the newspaper, in the sky, in world.
We are going in a boat. Please keep everything in that box. Please do not go in lift for first floor. He has come in a taxi from Jaipur. The ticket is in my pocket. She is cooking in the kitchen. Detail of that incident is appearing in the newspaper. Kites are flying in the sky. There are no aliens in the world.
Ham boat meiN jaa rahe hai. Kripayaa saree vastuveN dabbe meiN rakhe. Kripayaa pahalee manjil ke liye lift meiN naa jaaye. Vah Jaipur se taxi meiN aayaa hai. Ticket meree jeb meiN hai. Vah rasoi meiN khaanaa pakaa rahee hai. Us ghaTanaa kee pooree jaankaaree newspaper meiN dikh rahee hai. Patange aakaash meiN uD rahe hai. Aliens sansaar meiN nahee hai.
for a particular time of day or month or year > = Din, mahine yaa saal ke nishchit samay ke liye.
In 2012, in the next century, in the ice age, in the past, in the future, in April, In winter, In summer, in the morning, in the evening, in the afternoon.
We visited London in 2012. Ordinary people can also go to the Moon in the next century. You should neither live in the past nor in the future. We shall celebrate the occasion in April. We should enjoy all games in winter. One should try to meditate in the morning.
Hamane 2012 meiN London ghumaa. Aam admi bhee agalee sadee meiN Chaand par jaa sakataa hai. Tumhe naa to bhoot kaal meiN rahnaa chaahiye naa bhavishyakaal meN. Ham April meiN avsar ko manaayenge. HameN sardiyon meiN sabhee games kaa majaa lenaa chaahiye. Subah ke samay dhyaan lagaanaa chaahiye.
for a surface of thing > = Kisee stah par
e.g. on a bicycle, on a motorbike, on a bus, on a horse, on a train, on public transport, on television, on radio, on the ceiling, on the door, on the floor, on the left, on the right, on the table, on the wall, on the way.
He is riding on a motorbike. He goes to office on a bus. We met on a train. That programme is coming on television. He is listening to news on radio. The picture is hanging on the door. She is appearing on the left side of the Bride (Dulhan). Meal has been served on the table. Please do not write slogans on the wall. Let us discuss everything on the way.
Vah motorbike par savaaree kar rahaa hai. Vah office bus meiN jaataa hai. Ham train meiN Mile. Vah programme television par aa rahaa hai. Vah radio per news sun rahaa hai. Picture darawaaje par laTak rahee hai. Vah dulhan ke baanyee taraf dikh rahee hai. Khaanaa table par lagaa diyaa hai. Kripayaa deewar par naare naa likhe. Aaaiye saaree baate raaste meiN charchaa kareN.
for a particular day or date > = kisee khaas din yaa tareekh ke liye
e.g. On 4th November, on 27th September, 2012, on Independence day, on my birthday, on New Year's evening, on Sunday, on Tuesday morning.
We bought first computer on 4th November. He had come on 27th September, 2012. We shall have holiday on the Independence day. All had come on my birthday. He is getting married on New Year's evening. We shall reach India on Saturday morning.
Hamane pahalaa computer 4 november ko khareedaa thaa. Vah 27 September, 2012 ko aayaa thaa. Swatantrataa Diwas par Hamaaree chuTTee hogee. Mere janamadivas par sabhee aaye thay. Naye saal kee shaam ko usakee shaadee ho rahee hai. Ham shanivaar kee subah India pahunchenge.
Prepositions cause more difficulty than any other aspect of English language. Meaning of word (noun, adjective, verb) changes when followed by different prepositions.
Whenever there is any doubt about any preposition, please look into online dictionary
Short List of Prepositions
List of Appropriate Prepositions
TOP : Home : Essential Grammar : Learning Course : Day To Day English : Vocabulary : Sitemap : Privacy : About:Feedback
All Rights are reserved.