|Parts of Speech|
Noun - Sangyaa
Noun - A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing. The word ‘thing’ means anything which we can think of – countable, uncountable, visible, invisible, touchable, untouchable, events, feelings, etc.
Sangyaa - Sangyaa vah shabd hai jo Vyakti, vastu, sthaan, aadi ke naam ke liye prayog hotaa hai. ‘Vastu’ shabd meiN – gine jaane waale, naa gine jaane waale, dikhane waale, naa dikhane waale, ghaTanaanye, bhaavanaaye aadi sabhee shaamil hai.
Computer, table, book, speaker, fan, car, gold, glass. (names of things)
Delhi, London, New York, school, college, garden, Akshardham (names of places)
Vartika, Kanika, Tom, Ashoka, doctor, girl, Princess, Queen (names of persons)
Dog, cat, lion, rabbit, horse, donkey, monkey, parrot, bird (names of animals, birds)
Types of Noun
1 Common Noun
2 Proper Noun
3 Collective Noun
4 Abstract Noun
5 Countable Noun
6 Uncountable Noun
Common Noun -
Common Noun is a name given in common to every non-specific thing, person, place, etc. Common nouns begin with small letter. It begins with capital letter only if it is the first word of the sentence.
Common Noun – Aam vyakti, vastu, sthaan common noun hai. English meiN isakaa pahalaa akShar chhoTaa hotaa hai. Common noun kaa pahalaa akShar tabhee capital letter se shuru hotaa hai jab vah Vaakya kaa pahalaa shabd ho .
Examples : toy, pen, room, garden, man, girl, month, day, chair, school, boy, car, are common nouns because each of these nouns refers to a common thing, place or person.
Proper Noun -
Proper Noun is a name given to a specific thing, person, place etc. Proper noun always begin with a capital letter.
Proper Noun - Khaas vyakti, vastu, sthaan proper noun hai. Proper noun ko English meiN capital letter se shuru karate hai.
Examples : Skoda Car, April, Monday, London, Mahatma Gandhi, India, are proper nouns because each of these nouns refers to a particular thing, place or person.
If a common noun is specified it becomes a proper noun. For example month is a common noun but if it is specified like April or September, it becomes proper noun.
Proper nouns are sometimes used as common nouns – He is the Dhanawaantree (the great Ayurveda doctor) of our family.
Yadi common noun ko khaas banaayaa jaaye to vah proper noun ban jaataa hai – Jaise month common noun hai parantu yadi ise April yaa September kaa naam diyaa jaaye to yah proper noun ban jaataa hai.
Proper noun bhee kabhee kabhee common noun ke taur par istemaal hote hai Jaise – Vah hamaare parivaar kaa dhanwantree (prasiddh Ayurveda doctor) hai.
Collective Noun -
Nouns which denote a group of persons, things, places, objects, concepts as one-whole are Collective Nouns.
Collective Noun – vyakti, vastu, sthaan aadi kaa samooh jo ek naam se jaanaa jai vah collective noun hai.
Examples : crowd, mob, army, jury, family, parliament, committee. Each example denotes a group like crowd denotes a collection of people – The police dispersed the crowd.
Abstract Noun -
Abstract noun is usually the name of a quality, action or state. You cannot see, hear or taste an abstract noun.
Abstract Noun – Vishestaa, sthiti yaa kriyaa bataane waale shabd abstract noun hai. Ise aap dekh, sun, chakh or soongh nahee sakate.
Examples : Goodness, kindness, darkness, honesty, movement, judgement, laughter, youth, childhood, death, poverty.
Countable Noun -
Countable nouns are the names of objects, people and things that we can count.
Countable Noun – vyakti, vastu or sthaan jise geenaa jaa sakataa hai, countable noun hai.
Examples: book, pen, student, doctor, cat, woman.
Uncountable Noun -
Uncountable nouns are the names of objects, concepts, things, etc. which we cannot count.
Uncounable Noun – Aisee vastu yaa sthiti jise geenaa naa jaa sake, uncountable noun hai.
Examples: milk, sugar, honesty, water, swimming, history, English, information.
|We all love honesty||Ham sab imaandaaree pasand karate hai.||honesty|
|Mr Khurana is our English teacher.||Mr Khurana hamaare English teacher hai||Mr Khurana and teacher|
|Chair is made of wood||Kursee lakadee se banee hai.||chair and wood|
|The Prime Minister is worrying about water.||Pradhaan Mantree paanee ke baare meiN chintaa kar rahe hai.||The Prime Minister and water|
|Mob has attacked the police station.||BheeD ne police station par hamalaa kar diyaa hai.||Mob and police station.|
|Emotions weak persons.||Bhavnaaye logo ko kamajor karatee hai.||Emotions and persons|
|I believe in your innocence.||MaiN tumhaaree maasumyat par vishwaas karataa hoon.||innocence.|
|Our team is better than theirs.||Hamaaree team unakee team se behtar hai.||team|
|He worships his work.||Vah apane kaam kee pujaa karataa hai.||work|
|He congratulated on his birthday.||Usane usake janmadivas par badhaai dee.||birthday|
Noun Number - Singular and Plural
Singular - When we talk about one person and one thing, noun is used in singular form.
Examples: Computer, chair, mandir, speaker, table, purse.
Plural – When we talk about more than one person or one thing, noun is used in plural form.
Example : Few men, those computers, chairs, children, books, lives, animals, cities.
We give below few singular and plural nouns. Please observe that certain nouns becomes plural after adding ‘s’, certain after adding ‘es’, certain by removing ‘y’ and additing ‘ies’,
in case a vowel is before ‘Y’ then by addiing ‘s’ , etc. There is no perfect rule to change from singular to plural nouns. More & more reading and observation will help in learning it.
Ekvachan – Jab ham kisee ek vyakti yaa vastu ke baare meiN baat karate hai to vah ek vachan sangyaa hai – Jaise – Table, Ram, Delhi, box, spoon.
Bahuvachan – Jab ham ek se jyaadaa vyaktiyo yaa vastuo ke baare meiN baat karate hai to vah bahuvachan sangyaa hai – pustake, bachche, dabbe, ghoDe.
English ke singular or plural neeche diye gaye hai. Dhyaan se dekhe, kuchh shabd ko plural banaane ke liye ‘s’ joDaa jaataa hai, kuchh meiN ‘es’ joDaa jaataa hai, kuchh meiN ‘y’ ko haTaa kar ‘ies’ lagaayaa jaataa hai. Is sambandh meiN koi pakkaa niyam nahee hai. Lagataar paDhane aur dhyaan dene se seekhane meiN madad milegee.
|Sangyaa (Noun)||Singular Noun||Plural Noun|
Noun in Detail.
Overview of Noun is given above. Please Click here to learn in detail about The Noun
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