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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Imaginary-Sentences

Other Types of Conditional Sentences

In other types of Conditional Sentences, we will learn about Imaginary Sentences and few Words which are used in conditional sentences.

Anya prakaar ke Sashart Vakyo meN, ham Kalpanasheel Vakyo aur kuchh Shabdo ke baare meiN jaanenge jo Sashart Vakyo meiN prayukt hote hai.

Imaginary Sentences

When two imaginations come in a sentence which are either almost impossible or almost possible, the following three rules apply to make the sentence.:

Jab ek vaakya meiN aisee do kalpanaaye aa jaaye jo lagbhag asambhav ho to unheN nimn teen prakaar se banaayaa jaa sakataa hai.

Imaginary Sentence Rules

Rule No. Rule
One If + Subject + Were + Object + (,) + Subject + Would + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Remaining + (.)
Two Had + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (,) + Subject + Would + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Remaining + (.)
Three If + Subject + Had + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (,) + Subject + Would + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Remaining + (.)

Examples

Agar maiN panchhee hotaa to, aasmaan meiN uDataa. If I were a bird, I would have flown in the sky.
Agar maiN jangal meiN hotaa to maine bhee bheDiye dekhe hote. Had I been in the forest, I would have seen wolves.
Agar maiN doctor hotaa to meiN hridayaarog visheshagya bantaa. If I had been a doctor, I would have become a cardiologist.

Sentence of impossible imagination is made as per Rule number One. When imaginations are almost possible, then sentence is made as per Rule number Two or Three. When there is a confusion that the imagination is impossible or almost possible, then also sentence is made as per Rule number Two or Three.

Asambhav kalpanaa waale vaakya ko Rule number One se banaate hai. Jab kalpanaaye lagbhag sambhav ho to unheN Rule number Two aur Three se banaate hai. Jab Kalpanaao ke baare meiN uljhan ho kee yah sambhav hai athwaa asambhav, tab bhee Rule number Two aur Three se translate karate hai.

Yadi maiN Pradhaan Mantree hotaa to desh kee saaree samasyaao ko sulajhaa detaa. If I were the Prime Minister, I would have solved the problems of the country.
Yadi tumane kaDee mehnat kee hotee to tum achchhe numbero se paas ho jaate. Had you worked hard, you would have passed with good marks.
Yadi maiN tumhaare sthaan par hotaa to use maar maar kar baahar nikaal detaa. If I were you, I would have kicked him out.
Yadi vah apanee paDhaaye se vimukh naa rahataa to aaj kyoN fail hotaa? If he had not been indifferent to studies, why he would have failed?
Yadi maiN America kaa President hotaa to aatankvaad kaa samool naash kar detaa. If I were the President of America, I would have eliminated terrorism completely.
Yadi maiN usakee jagah hotaa to chor ke hosh Thikaane lagaa detaa. Had I been in his place, I would have brought the thief to senses.
Yadi maiN tumhaaree maa hotee to tumhaare janamdivas par maiN tumhe car khareed kar detee. If I were you mother, I would have bought you a car on your birthday.
Yadi vah hawaai jahaaj uDaanaa jaantaa to maiN pilot number one banataa. Had I known how to fly an aero plane, I would have been pilot number One.
Agar maiN chiDiyaa hotee to meree mammee ke paas turant pahunch jaatee. If I were a sparrow, I would have reached my mother immediately.
Yadi maiN car hotaa to tumhe roj apanee seat par bethaataa. If I were a car, I would have made you sit on my seat everyday.

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Uses of Other Words to make Conditional Sentence

Use of Would with 'If Clause'

When 'Would' is used in 'If Clause', then simple future is used in 'Main Clause'.

Jab 'If Clause' meiN 'Would' kaa prayog hotaa hai to 'Main Clause' meiN simple future kaa prayog hotaa hai.

Agar vah aanaa chaahataa hai, maiN usake liye movie ticket kee vyavasthaa karungaa. If he would like to come, I will arrange movie tickets for him.
Agar tum kal bachche kaa dhyaan rakho, maiN usakee maa ko achchhee tarah sambhaal lungaa. If you would do babysitting tomorrow, I will handle her mother properly.
Agar ve hotel meiN Theharnaa chaahate hai, to ve vaisaa karane ko azaad hai. If they would like to stay in hotel, they are free to do so.

Use of Should with 'If Clause'

'Should' is used to express a difficult possibility.

Should kaa prayog mushkil sambhaavanaa ko vyakt karane ke liye kiyaa jaataa hai.

Agar tumhe yahaaN dry clearner kee dukaan DhoonDhane kee dikkat ho to mujhe phone kar lenaa. If you should have any difficulty in finding the dryclearner's shop here, please ring me up.
Agar tumhe vahaaN dawaai naa mile, mujhe turant phone kar denaa. If you should not get medicine there, please inform me immediately.
Agar tumhe London meiN kuchh bhee shaakaahaaree khaanaa naa mile to usase sampark karanaa. If you should not get any vegetarian food in London, please contact him.
Agar tumhe London meiN kuchh bhee shaakaahaaree khaanaa naa mile to usase sampark karanaa. Should you not get any vegetarian food in London, please contact him.
Agar koi packet aap tak pahunche aur tumhe pasand naa aaye to tum vaapas kar sakate ho. Should any packet reaches you and is not liked by you, you can return it.

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Use of 'Until and Unless'

Both, Until and Unless, are negative words. Until is used for time reference and Unless is used for a condition.

Until kaa arth hai "jab tak nahee". Ise samay ke sandarbh meiN prayog kiyaa jaataa hai. Unless kaa arth hotaa hai "agar nahee". Ise kisee shart (condition) ke liye prayukt kiyaa jaataa hai.

Jab tak Poonam vaapas nahee aatee, Prashant usake liye jaagegaa. Until Poonam comes back, Prashant will stay awake for her.
Neha vahaaN khaDee rahegee jab tak Avyan pooree chapaatee nahee khaa letaa. Neha will stand there until Avyan eats the whole chapati.
Vah apanee naukaree nahee chhoDegee jab tak usakaa parivaar dabaav nahee dalataa. She will not quit the job until her family forces her.
Tum samay par Mumbai nahee pahunch sakate agar tum jaldee subah kee flight naa pakaDo. You cannot reach Mumbai in time unless you catch early morning flight.
Tum is naukaree ke liye aavedan nahee kar sakate agar tumhaare pass peshewar degree naa ho. You cannot apply for the job unless you have a professional degree.
Tum videsh nahee jaa sakate agar tumhaare paas visaa nahee hai. You cannot go abroad unless you have a visa.

Use of 'In case'

'In case' is used to express a possibility of an event.

'In case' kaa arth hai 'Yadi aisaa ho' - aamtaur par kisee ghaTanaa kee sambhaavanaa ko vyakt karataa hai.

Agar tumhe meree sahaayataa kee jaroorat ho to mere bhaai ko bataa denaa. In case you need my help, please inform my brother.
Yadi tum kisee anajaan vyakti ko tumhaare ghar ke aaspaas dekho to balcony kee light jalaa denaa. In case you see any unknown person near your house, switch on the light of your balcony.
Yadi tumhaaraa jamaai aataa hai to meraa darawaajaa khaTakhaTaa denaa. Knock at my door in case your son-in-law comes here.

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Use of 'Provided'

'Provided' is used to express a condition for something.

'Provided' kaa arth hai 'Shart hai' - aamtaur par kisee baat ke liye shart rakhanaa hotaa hai.

MaiN Bhopal tour par jaa sakataa hoon shart yah hai kee mujhe pakkee rail ticket mil jaaye.. I can go on tour to Bhopal provided I get a confirmed rail ticket.
MaiN kiraayaa baDhaa sakataa hoon agar tum isakee safedee karvaate ho. I can increase the rent provided you get it white-washed now.
MaiN chhuTTee nahee lungaa agar tum usakee bhee chhuTTee radd karo. I will not take leave provided you cancel her leave also.

Use of 'Suppose'

'Suppose' is used to express an imaginary assumption.

'Suppose' kaa arth hai 'Maan lijiye yaa Maan lo' - aamtaur par kisee kalpanaa kaa purvaanumaan karake vaakya banaayaa jaataa hai.

Maan lo tumhaaree niyukti Srinagar kar dee to tum kyaa kar sakate ho? Suppose you are transferred to Srinagar what can you do?
Maan lijiye vah shaadee manDap se bhaag gai to tum kahaaN jaaoge? Suppose she ran away from shaadee manDap where will you go?
Maan lo yah sher kaa khilona jindaa ho jaataa hai to kitane log maare jaayenge? Suppose this toy of lion gets alive how many people will be killed?



Use of 'So long'

'So long' is used to express a time frame 'till the time' .

'So long' kaa arth hai 'Jab tak'.

Jab tak Uniyal jee hamaare netaa hai, log surakShit hai. People are safe so long Uniyal jee is our leader.
Jab tak Mr Goga baahar hai tum usake flat meiN rah sakatee ho. So long Mr Goga is out, you can stay in his flat.
Jab tak maiN jindaa hoon, tumhaaree dekhabhaal kartaa rahungaa. I will take care of you so long I am alive.
Jab tak maiN jindaa hoon, tum apane bachcho par nirbhar nahee rahogee. So long I am alive, you will not be dependent on your children.

Examples

Yadi varshaa hui to vah nahee aayegee. In case it rains, she will not come.
Yadi kal kee chhuTTee ghoshit hui to maiN tumhaare ghar aaungaa. I shall call on you tomorrow provided it is a holiday.
MaiN use maaf kar doongaa agar vah jor se nahee chillaataa hai. I shall forgive him provided he does not shout loudly.
Agar tum vaayadaa karate ho to jaroor nibhaao. If you make a promise then must keep it.
Agar maiN doctor hotaa to gareebo kaa muft meiN ilaaj kartaa. If I were a doctor, I would have treated poor free of cost.
Agar tum London jaao to vahaaN mere beTe se jaroor milanaa. Should you go to London, do see my son there.
Agar maiN tumhaaraa khaas dost hotaa to tumhe videsh daure par le jaataa. If I were your special friend, I would have taken you on a foreign trip.
Agar maiN tumhaaree jagah hotaa to use thappaD maar detaa. If I were in your place, I would have slapped him.
Tum ek khush jindagee nahee jee sakate jab tak tum usakaa saath nahee chhoDoge. You cannot lead a happy life until you leave her company.
Tum doosaro ko nahee paDhaa sakate agar us viShaya ko nahee jaanate. You cannot teach others unless you know the subject.
MaiN tumhe inaam doongaa agar tum mujhe sach bataaoge. I will give you reward, if you tell me the truth.
Agar maiN Raajaa hotaa to UK meiN kam se kam 21 kile banawaata. Had I been a king, I would have built minimum 21 forts in the UK.



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