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ELC-9th Day - Page-2

9th Day - We shall learn about Past Indefinite Tense. Sentences of actions completed or happened in past, come under Past Indefinite Tense.

Past Indefinite Tense

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Did + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Did + Subject + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?)

Past Indefinite Interrogative sentence starts with 'Did' and Ist form of verb is used instead of 2nd form of Verb. In Interrogative & Negative sentence, 'Not' is added just before the verb (Ist form).

पास्ट इन्ड़ेफिनेट इंटेरोगेटिव वाक्य 'Did' से स्टार्ट होते हैं और इसमे वर्ब की फर्स्ट फ़ॉर्म का इस्तेमाल होता है । इसके प्रश्नवाचक और नकारात्मक वाक्यों में 'Not' वर्ब से पहले लगता है ।



Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative क्या हमने उसे कुछ रुपये उधार दिये?
Person Did Subject Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person Did I lend him some money?
Ist Person -Plural Did we lend him some money?
2nd Person Did you lend him some money?
3rd Person -Singular Did he/she/it/Ram lend him some money?
3rd Person -Plural Did they/boys lend him some money?

Past Indefinite Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative क्या वे मंदिर नही गए?
Person Did Subject Not + Verb (Ist Form) Object
Ist person Did I not go to temple?
Ist Person -Plural Did we not go to temple?
2nd Person Did you not go to temple?
3rd Person -Singular Did he/she/it/Ram not go to temple?
3rd Person -Plural Did they/boys not go to temple?

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उसने मेरी तारीफ की । He appreciated me
उन्होंने हमारा बड़ा स्वागत किया । They gave us a wam welcome.
मैने सांप को नही मारा । I did not kill the snake.
कुत्ते ने उसे नही काटा । The dog did not bite him.
क्या तुमने मेरा पेन अंकिता को दिया? Did you give my pen to Ankita?
मैने अपने पिताजी से परामर्श नही किया । I did not consult my father.
क्या तुमने वाद-विवाद में भाग नही लिया । Did you not take part in debate?
मैने उसके साथ जाना पसंद नही किया । I did not want to go with him.
वह उससे कल नही मिली । She did not meet him yesterday.
क्या उसने रोबर्ट को सड़क पर थप्पड़ मारा? Did she slap Robbert on the road?
क्या तुमने गलती नही की? Did you not make a mistake? / Didn't you make a mistake?
नही, मैने नही । हां, मैने की । No, I didn't. / Yes, I did.
क्या तुमने मुझे याद किया? Did you remember me?
मैने अपने घर पर किसी को याद नही किया । I did not remember anybody at my home.
मैने कल अपने कपड़े नही घोए । I did not wash my clothes yesterday.

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'Did' is also used to emphasise something in Past Indefinite Tense. First form of verb is used with 'Did'.

किसी बात पर जोर देने के लिये भी 'Did' का प्रयोग होता है । 'Did' के साथ वर्ब की फर्स्ट फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है ।

Sentence वाक्य
He did learn his lesson daily. उसने प्रतिदिन अपना पाठ अवश्य याद किया ।
She did know Ankit. वह अंकित को अवश्य जानती थी ।
I did consult my brother on this topic. मैने इस टापिक पर मेरे भाई से अवश्य परामर्श किया ।

In Past Indefinite Tense, time may or may not come. In the sentences which appears as present perfect tense or past perfect tense but time is given in the sentence, then it is also translated in past indefinite tense. Time is main important factor in differentiating Past Indefinite Tense.

पास्ट इन्ड़ेफिनेट टेन्स वाक्यों में समय का प्रयोग हो भी सकता है और नही भी । जो वाक्य दिखने में प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स या पास्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स लगाते हैं लेकिन अगर उसमें समय आ जाए ते वह वाक्य भी पास्ट इन्डेफिनेट के अंतर्गत आ जाते हैं ।
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Sentence वाक्य
Anuj killed his wife अनुज ने अपनी पत्नी को मार दिया ।
(एक्शन कुछ समय पहले - पास्ट इन्ड़ेफिनेट टेन्स)
Anuj has killed his wife अनुज ने अपनी पत्नी को मार दिया है ।
(एक्शन वर्तमान में बोलते समय - प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स)
Anuj killed his wife at 3 o'clock. अनुज ने अपनी पत्नी को तीन बजे मार दिया है ।
(एक्शन का समय दिया हुआ है - पास्ट इन्ड़ेफिनेट टेन्स)
You abused him. तुमने उसे गालियां दी ।
(एक्शन कुछ समय पहले - पास्ट इन्ड़ेफिनेट टेन्स)
You have abused him. तुम उसे गालियां दे चुके हो ।
(एक्शन वर्तमान में बोलते समय - प्रेज़न्ट पर्फेक्ट टेन्स)
You abused him yesterday. तुमने उसे कल गालियां दी है ।
(एक्शन का समय दिया हुआ है - पास्ट इन्ड़ेफिनेट टेन्स)

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