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ELC-5th Day - Page-2

5th Day - We shall learn about Negative and Interrogative sentences of Present Indefinite Tense.
Present Indefinite Tense is very important. You would have noted that headlines of newspapers and radio commentaries are in Present Indefinite Tense.

Present Indefinite Tense - Negative

'Do / Does' is also used to emphasise something in Present Indefinite Tense

किसी बात पर जोर देने के लिए भी 'Do/Does' का प्रयोग होता है ।

Sentence वाक्य
He does get up at five every day. वह प्रतिदिन पांच बजे अवश्य उठता है ।
She does know Ankit. वह अंकित को अवश्य जानती है ।
You do meet Rakhi every alternate day. तुम राखी को हर एक दिन छोड़ कर एक दिन अवश्य मिलते हो ।

Sometimes Present Indefinite Tense is used for Future Tense mostly when future action is considered as already fixed programme.

कभी कभी फ्युचर टेन्स के वाक्यों के लिए भी प्रेसेंट इन्डेफिनेट टेन्स का प्रयोक होता है । ऐसे ज्यादातर वाक्यों का एक्शन पहले सा फिक्स प्रोग्राम के अनुरूप होता है ।



Sentence वाक्य
We start tomorrow हम कल चलेंगे ।
Our school closes for summer vacation tomorrow. हमारा स्कूल गर्मियों की छुट्टियों के लिए कल बंद होगा ।
Avyan reaches India tomorrow. अव्यन कल भारत पहुंच रहा है ।
Does Ankit's marriage come off next Sunday? क्या अंकित की शादी अगले रविवार है?

अभी तक हमने देखा की सामान्य वर्तमान काल के अंत में 'ता है', 'ती है', 'ते है' ,का प्रयोग होता है । कुछ वाक्य ऐसे भी होते है जहाँ क्रिया ना तो जारी रहती है और ना ही पूर्ण दिखाई देती है बल्कि क्रिया सामान्य दिखाई देती है परन्तु वाक्य के अंत में 'ता है', 'ती है', 'ते है' नही आता है । चूंकि क्रिया सामान्य है इसलिए ऐसे वाक्य भी प्रेसेंट इन्डेफिनेट टेन्स के रुल से ही बनते हैं - जैसे़ः

वाक्य Sentence
मैं आपसे सहमत हूँ । I agree with you.
मुझे भगवान में विश्वास है । I believe in God.
मुझे आशा है । I hope.
मुझे अंदाजा है । I guess.
कनिका को कुछ चाहिए । Kanika wants something.
इस टेबल की कीमत 100 रुपए है । This table costs Rs. 100.
हिना को नेहा की मदद चाहिए । Heena needs help of Neha.

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Changing of Sentences - Affirmative Sentence >> Negative Sentence >> Interrogative Sentence


Possitive Negative Interrogative
I learn English daily. I do not learn English daily. Do I learn English daily?
I go to temple every day. I do not go to temple every day. Do I go to temple every day?
He completes his homework daily. He does not complete his homework daily. Does he complete his homework daily?
He studies in seventh class. He does not study in seventh class. Does he study in seventh class?
His sisters go to college daily. His sisters do not go to college daily. Do his sisters go to college daily?
Their sister also goes to college daily. Their sister also does not go to college daily. Does their sister also go to college daily?
My teacher loves all good students. My teacher does not love all good students. Does my teacher love all good students?
Teachers, in our school, monitor growth of every student. Teachers, in our school, do not monitor growth of every student. Do teachers, in our school, monitor growth of every student?
Girls love to gossip. Girls do not love to gossip. Do girls love to gossip?
I want to help the poor boy. I do not want to help the poor boy. Do I want to help the poor boy?
He works very hard. He does not work very hard. Does he work very hard?
Teachers also support him. Teachers also do not support him. Do teachers also support him?

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