Your web browser must have JavaScript enabled in order for this application to display correctly.
An easy Way to learn English
Navigation Bar
Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-35th Day-P2

Website by englishkitab : www.boliyeji.com - Listen to pronunciations and Learn English/Hindi Speaking & Conversation Skill
Click to read Hindi text of englishkitab.com written with English Alphabets

ELC-35th Day - Page-2

35th Day - Most of the Basic essential grammar topics have already been covered. Now the time is to learn the topics in detail. Today we will learn in detail about Verb.
Verb is the most important subject of English. We will cover it in detail.

The Verb

Dynamic Verbs

Dynamic Verbs express a real action done by the subject. The action or result of the action can be seen or felt by the object or an indirect object.

Dynamic verb कर्ता के वास्तविक action को दर्शाती है । क्रिया या क्रिया का परिणाम object पर देखा या महसूस किया जा सकता है ।

Examples

वह क्रिकेट खेल रहा है । He is playing cricket.
राजन ने लड़ाई लड़ी है । Rajan has fought a battle.
मैकॅनिक ने कार ठीक कर दी है । The mechanic has repaired the car.
दुकानदार ने दुकान बंद कर दी है । The shopkeeper has closed the shop.
रामू ने फर्श पर पोंछा लगा दिया है । Ramu has mopped the floor.
रीमा ने एक गुलाब-जामुन को छह दोस्तों में बांट दिया है । Reema has distributed a piece of Gulab-jamun among six friends.

TOP


Stative Verbs

Stative verbs express a state, situation or condition rather than an action. Stative Verb describes about the state of mind of the subject, or the relation between the subject and the object. Stative verbs are usually not used in the progressive tenses.

Stative verb क्रिया के बजाय स्थिति या दशा को दर्शाता है । Stative verb कर्ता के दिमाग की दशा या कर्ता और object के बीच का सम्बंध बताता है ।

Examples

वह उसके पिता जी के बारे में सब जानता है । He knows everything about her father.
वह एक महान महिला है । She is a great woman.
हमारे पास भविष्य के लिये काफी बचत है । We have enough savings for future.
तुम एक सैनिक हो । You are a soldier.

Regular Verbs - Irregular Verbs

On the basis of forming base form of verb to past simple (2nd form) and past participle (3rd form), verb is divided into two type – Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs.

क्रिया के दूसरे और तीसरे रूप (2nd form-Past simple and 3rd form-Past participle) के आधार पर वर्ब को दो प्रकार में बांटा गया है - Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs.

Regular Verbs (Weak Verbs)

Regular Verbs are also known as Weak Verbs. The Verbs which form their past simple and past participle by adding “-ed" to their base form are called Regular Verbs - for example work – worked - worked, allow – allowed - allowed, play – played – played.

Examples

उसने एक सभा की योजना बनाई है । He has planned a meeting.
कुत्ता उस पर भौंका । The dog barked at him.
टाइगर आदमी को अपने जबड़े से खींच कर ले गया है । The tiger has dragged away the man by its jaw.
पुलिस ने सर्च वॉरेंट जारी कर दिया है । Police has issued search warrant.
उसने अपना सर्वश्रेष्ठ दिया है । He has delivered his best.

TOP


Irregular Verbs (Strong Verbs)

Irregular Verbs are also known as Strong Verbs. The Verbs which form their past simple and past participle in different ways but most often by changing the vowel of the Base form(Ist form) are called Irregular Verbs - for example, steal – stole – stolen, sleep – slept – slept, fight – fought - fought.

Verb को second form और third form में परिवर्तित करने के आधार पर verb को दो भागो में बांटा जाता है - Regular Verb और Irregular Verb ।

जिन verb के पीछे '-ed' लगा कर उसकी फ़ॉर्म बदली जा सकती है वह Regular Verb है और जिन verb की फ़ॉर्म अलग तरीके से बदली जाती है वह Irregular वर्ब है ।

Examples

पक्षी आसमान में उड़ गया । The bird flew in the sky.
उसने पांच सूट खरीदे थे । She had bought five suits.
विद्यार्थिओ ने अपने हक के लिये लड़ाई लड़ी है । The students have fought for their rights.
उसने अपने वायदे को निभाया है । He has kept his words.
नेताओं ने कई वायदे किये है । The leaders have made number of promises.

Causative Verbs

We will learn in detail about Causative Verbs in upcoming lessons.
TOP

Finite Verbs

A Finite verb (sometimes called main verbs) is a verb that has a subject and changes its form according to tense and the number & person of the subject. They are used in tense and can be indicative of passive or active voice.

Finite verb (जिसे कभी कभी मुख्य verb भी कहते है) वह verb है जिसके साथ सब्जेक्ट होता है और इसकी form सब्जेक्ट के अनुसार टेन्स के मुताबिक बदलती है । वे टेन्स में प्रयुक्त होती है और वाक्य के active या passive होने का संकेत दे सकती है ।

Examples

मैं भारत में रहता हूँ । I live in India.
मैं जापान में कभी नही रहा । I never lived in Japan.
उसने कार चलाई । He drove the car.
पापा ने मेरे उन्नीसवें जन्मदिवस पर मुझे बाइक उपहार देने का वायदा किया है । Papa has promised to give me a bike on my 19th birthday.
मैं अनुगृहीत हुआ । I was obliged.
तुम सुन्दर हो । You are gorgeous.
उसके पास अद्वितीय व्यक्तित्व है । She has a unique personality.

TOP


Non-Finite Verbs

A Non-Finite verb (also known as a verbal) has no subject, tense or number. It does not change its form according to the number and person of the subject. It is a verb form which is not acting like a verb (we need to form a sentence). It is a verb form which functions as a noun or an adjective.

Non-Finite वर्ब का सब्जेक्ट, टेन्स या नंबर नही होता । यह सब्जेक्ट के नंबर के अनुसार चेंज नही होती । यह वर्ब वास्तव में वाक्य बनाने वाली वर्ब नही है । यह वाक्य में नाउन या आड़्जेक्टिव की तरह कार्य करती है ।

Examples

मुझे पढ़ना पसंद है । I love reading .
वह पढ़ना पसंद करती है । She loves reading.
मैं सभी को इंग्लिश सीखने की सलाह देता हूँ । I advise all to learn English.
वह सभी को इंग्लिश सीखने की सलाह देता है । He advises all to learn English.
मैं अपना डिनर ले रहा हूँ । I am having my dinner.
वे अपना डिनर ले रहे हैं । They are having their dinner.
क्या हम रविवार को मछली पकड़ने जाते हैं ? Do we go fishing on Sunday?
क्या वह रविवार को मछली पकड़ने जाता है ? Does he go fishing on Sunday?

Types of Non-Finite Verbs

There are three types of non-finite verbs - Gerunds, Infinitives, and Participles.

We will learn in detail about The Infinitive in upcoming lessons.
We will learn in detail about The Gerund in upcoming lessons.
We will learn in detail about The Participle in upcoming lessons.

Pages of Current Lesson

1st 2nd 3rd


Links of English Learning Course Lessons
Days 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
Days 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th
Days 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th

कृपया यहाँ क्लिक करें : इंग्लिश सीखने का सही तरीका जानने के लिए ।


TOP : Home : Essential Grammar : Learning Course : Day To Day English : Vocabulary : Sitemap : Privacy : About:Feedback

All Rights are reserved.