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ELC-30th Day - Page-2

30th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly.
Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Infinitives

Rules of Passive Voice of Infinitive - 'TO' show that 'BE' is added after 'To' and 3rd form of verb is used for making Passive Voice.

IInfinitive 'To' वाले वाक्य को Passive Voice बनाने का नीचे दिया हुआ नियम दिखाता है की हेल्पिंग verb 'Be' Infinitive 'To' के बाद लगता है और Verb की 3rd फ़ॉर्म इस्तेमाल होती है ।

Rules

Sentence Containing Rule of making Sentence of Infinitive 'To' (Active Voice) Rule of converting Sentence of Infinitive 'To' (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + To + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)
Negative Subject + Modals + Not + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + Not + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)
Interrogative Modals + Subject + Verb (Ist form) + Object + (?) Is/Are/Am/Was/Were/Has/Have/Had + Convert Object to Subject + To + Be + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + (.)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
मुझे यह काम करना है । I am to do this work. This work is to be done by me. यह काम मेरे द्वारा किया जाना है ।
तुम्हारी पत्नी को इंग्लिश सीखनी है । Your wife is to learn English. English is to be learnt by your wife. इंग्लिश तुम्हारी पत्नी द्वारा सीखी जानी है ।
मुझे उसे इंग्लिश सिखानी है । I am to teach her English. English is to be taught to her by me. इंग्लिश मेरे द्वारा उसे सिखाई जानी है ।
सीमा को उसे धूम्रपान से दूर रखना पड़ा था । Seema had to abstain him from smoking. He had to be abstained from smoking by Seema. उसे धूम्रपान से सीमा द्वारा दूर रखना पड़ता था ।
मुझे घरेलू कार्यो में अपनी पत्नी की सहायता करनी पड़ती है । I have to assist my wife in domestic works. My wife has to be assisted in domestic works by me . मेरी पत्नी को मेरे द्वारा घरेलू कार्यो में सहायता करवानी पड़ती है ।
मुझे उसकी तारीफ करनी थी परंतु मैं भूल गया । I was to appreciate her but I forgot. She was to be appreciated by me but I forgot. उसकी तारीफ मेरे द्वारा की जानी थी परंतु मैं भूल गया ।
उनको कार्यक्रम में भाषण देना है । They are to deliver speech in the programme. Speech is to be delivered in the programme by them. भाषण उनके द्वारा कार्यक्रम में दिया जाना है ।
क्या उसे उसकी शादी की ड्रेस चुननी है ? Is he to select her wedding dress? Is her wedding dress to be selected by him? क्या उसकी शादी की ड्रेस उसके द्वारा चुनी जानी है ?
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Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
उसको अपनी महिला दोस्त का साथ देना पड़ता है । He has to favour his girl friend. His girl friend is to be favoured by him. अपनी महिला दोस्त का साथ उसके द्वारा देना पड़ता है ।
उसको उसे एक कीमती उपहार देना था । He was to give a precious gift to her. She was to be given a precious gift by him. उसको एक कीमती उपहार उसके द्वारा दिया जाना था ।
उसको उसे एक कीमती उपहार देना था । He was to give a precious gift to her. A precious gift was to be given to her by him. एक कीमती उपहार उसके द्वारा उसे दिया जाना था ।
मुख्य मंत्री जी को साधारण व्यक्तियों की समस्यांओ का समाधान करना हैं । The Chief Minister is to resolve the problems of ordinary persons. The problems of ordinary persons are to be resolved by the Chief Minister. साधारण व्यक्तियों की समस्यांओं का समाधान मुख्य मंत्री जी द्वारा किया जाना है ।
नागरिकों को सरकार का समर्थन करना है । Citizens are to support the Government. The Government is to be supported by the citizens. सरकार को नागरिकों द्वारा समर्थन किया जाना है ।
संस्थानों को कर्मचारियों को कसना है । Organisations are to tighten the workers. The workers are to be tightened by organisations. कर्मचारयों को संस्थानो द्वारा कसा जाना है ।
अब कर्मचारियों को अपने कर्तव्य को समझना है । Now workers are to understand their duty. Their duty is to be understood by workers now. अपने कर्तव्यो को कर्मचारियों द्वारा समझा जाना है ।
हमे जरूरतमंद और गरीब की मदद करनी है । We are to help the needy and poor. The needy and poor are to be helped by us. जरूरतमंद और गरीब की मदद हमारे द्वारा की जानी है ।

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