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ELC-29th Day - Page-3

29th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly. Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence

A sentence that issues a request or gives a command or expresses a desire or wish is called an Imperative sentence. Imperative sentences are addressed without naming the subject. Hence these sentences are without Subject and starts with the Principal Verb.

sentences have different types of emotions - Order, Command, Request, Suggestion and Advise. In Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence, we use different wordings with the Subject as per the emotions of the sentence.

वह वाक्य जिसमें प्रार्थना, आदेश, उपदेश हो या कोई इच्छा व्यक्त की हो, आदेशात्मक (Imperative)वाक्य कहलाता है । आदेशात्मक वाक्य सब्जेक्ट का नाम लिये बगैर संबोधित करते है इसलिये सब्जेक्ट इनमे नही होता और यह मुख्य Verb से शुरू होता है । 

Imperative वाक्य में अलग अलग भाव होते है - आदेश, प्रार्थना, सुझाव, सलाह इत्यादि । इनका Passive Voice बनाने में वाक्य में प्रयुक्त भाव के अनुसार कर्ता के साथ अलग शब्दों का प्रयोग किया जाता है । 
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For making Passive Voice, Imperative Sentences are of the following types:

Sentences Containing Command
Sentences Containing Order
Sentences Containing Request
Sentences Containing Advice
Sentences Containing Suggestion

Rules

Sentence Containing Rule of making Imperative Sentence (Active Voice) Rule of converting Imperative Sentence (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Command Verb (Ist Form) + Object + (.) Let + Convert Object to Subject + Be + Verb (3rd form)
Order Verb (Ist Form) + Object + (.) You are ordered to + Verb (Ist form)+ Object
Request Verb (Ist Form) + Object + (.) You are requested to + Verb (Ist form)+ Object
Advice Verb (Ist Form) + Object. You are advised to + Verb (Ist form)+ Object
Suggestion Verb (Ist Form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Should + Be + Verb (3rd form)

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One sentence spoken in different situations with different emotions will be changed in Passive Voice differently.

अलग परिस्थिति में अलग भाव के साथ बोला गया एक ही वाक्य अलग प्रकार से Passive Voice में बदलता है ।

Let us take a look

Situation Passive Voice of 'Open the Window' 'Open the window' का Passive वाक्य
Sr Doctor asks Jr Doctor Let the window be opened. खिड़की खोल दी जाये ।
The administrator orders the peon You are ordered to open the window. आपको खिड़की खोलने का आदेश दिया जाता है ।
Co-passenger requests other passenger in bus You are requested to open the window. आपसे खिड़की खोलने का अनुरोध किया जाता है ।
Doctor advises the patient You are advised to open the window. आपको खिड़की खोलने की सलाह दी जाती है ।
Visitor suggests the patient The window should be opened. खिड़की को खुली रखनी चाहिये ।

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Examples

यह काम करो । Do this job. Let this job be done. यह काम किया जाये ।
तुम्हारे बेटे को सिखाओ । Teach your son. Let your son be taught. तुम्हारे बेटे को सिखाया जाये ।
तुम्हारी पार्टी के लोगो को काबू में रखो । Control your party men. Your party men should be controlled. तुम्हारी पार्टी के लोगो को काबू में रखा जाये ।
तुम्हारे माता-पिता का कहना मानो । Obey your parents. You are advised to obey your parents. तुमको तुम्हारे माता-पिता का कहना मानने की सलाह दी जाती है ।
यह मत करो । Don't do this. You are requested not to do this. तुम्हें यह ना करने की सलाह दी जाती है ।
दोषी को सजा दो । Punish the culprits. Let the culprits be punished. दोषी को सजा दी जाये ।
किसी को अंदर झांकने की इजाजत मत दो । Don't allow anybody to peep inside . You are ordered not to allow anybody to peep inside. आपको किसी को अंदर झांकने की इजाजत ना देने का आदेश दिया जाता है ।
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तुम्हारी फीस जमा करो । Pay your fees. Let your fees be paid today. तुम्हारी फीस आज जमा कर दी जाये ।
कृपया मेरी सीट से खड़े हो जांए । Please stand up from my seat. You are requested to stand up from my seat. आपसे मेरी सीट से खड़े होने का अनुरोध किया जाता है ।
हमेशा गरीबों की मदद करो । Always help the poor. Let the poor be helped always. गरीबों की मदद हमेशा की जाये ।
धूम्रपान मत करो । Don't smoke. You are advised not to smoke. आपको धूम्रपान ना करने की सलाह दी जाती है ।
उसे तंग मत करो । Don't disturb her. You are requested not to disturb her. आपसे उसे तंग ना करने की प्रार्थना की जाती है ।
उसकी तरफ दोबारा मत घूरना । Don't stare at her again. You are warned not to stare at her again. तुम्हें उसकी तरफ दोबारा ना घूरने की चेतावनी दी जाती है ।
अपनी पत्नी को प्यार करो । Love your wife. Your wife should be loved. अपनी पत्नी से प्यार किया जाये ।
जल्दी उठो । Get up early. You are requested to get up early. आपसे जल्दी उठने का अनुरोध किया जाता है ।
सावधान रहो । Be careful. You are advised to be careful. आपको सावधान रहने की सलाह दी जाती है ।

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