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ELC-28th Day - Page-2

28th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly.
Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Had + Been' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Past Perfect Tense.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Had' and 'Been' and in case of Interrogative sentence 'Had' comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Been' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.
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Active and Passive Voice के नियम (नीचे दिये गये है) दिखाते है की Past Perfect Tense को Passive Voice में बदलने के लिये 'Had + Been' और verb की 3rd फ़ॉर्म का प्रयोग होता है ।

Negative सेंटेन्स में 'Not' को 'Had' और 'Been' के बीच में लगाते है और Interrogative सेंटेन्स में 'Had' वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते है । 

सभी प्रकार के Passive Voice वाक्यों - Positive, Negative & Interrogative में verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है

Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Past Perfect Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Past Perfect Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Had + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Had + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Had + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Had + Not + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Had + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Had + Convert Object to Subject + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)

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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
पुलिस ने कई बाल मजदूरोंं को बचाया था । Police had rescued number of child labourers. Number of child labourers had been rescued by Police. कई बाल मजदूरों को पुलिस द्वारा बचाया गया था ।
आंतकवादियों ने पीने के पानी को भी दूषित किया था । Terrorists had infected drinking water also. Drinking water also had been infected by terrorists. पीन के पानी को भी आंतकवादिओ द्वारा दूषित किया गया था ।
धीमे हॉकी के खेल ने दर्शको को उकता दिया था । The slow hockey game had bored the spectators. The spectators had been bored by the slow hockey game. दर्शक धीमी हॉकी के खेल द्वारा उकता दिये गये थे ।
व्यवस्था ने बहुत सारे लोगो को दोषी बनाया था । System had made lot many people guilty. A lot many people had been made guilty by the system. बहुत सारे लोग व्यवस्था द्वारा दोषी बनाये गये थे ।
भ्रष्ट अफसरों ने उसको बलि का बकरा बनाया था । The corrupt officers had made him a scapegoat. He had been made a scapegoat by the corrupt officers. वह बलि का बकरा भ्रष्ट अफसरों द्वारा बनाया गया था ।
संस्थान ने 50 सैनिकों को नियुक्त किया था । The organisation had recruited fifty soldiers. Fifty soldiers had been recruited by the organisation. 50 सैनिंक संस्थान द्वारा नियुक्त किये जा चुके थे ।
उसने दिल से गरम कपड़े दान दिये थे । He had willingly donated woollen clothes. Woollen clothes had been donated by him willingly. गरम कपड़े उसके द्वारा दिल से दान दिये गये थे ।
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Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
मेरे पिताजी ने अच्छी परंपरांए मेरे परिवार में स्थापित की थी । My father had established good traditions in my family. Good traditions had been established by my father in my family. अच्छी परंपरांए मेरे पिताजी द्वारा मेरे परिवार में स्थापित की गई थी ।
मेरे पिताजी ने अच्छी परंपरांए मेरे परिवार में स्थापित की थी । My father had established good traditions in my family. In my family, good traditions had been established by my father. मेरे परिवार में अच्छी परंपरांए मेरे पिताजी द्वारा स्थापित की गई थी ।
चैयरमेन के प्रवेश ने वातावरण को पूरी तरह बदल दिया था । The Chairman's's entry had completely changed the environment. The environment had been completely changed by the Chairman's entry. वातावरण चैयरमेन के प्रवेश द्वारा पूरी तरह बदला गया था ।
क्या उसने सच बोला था ? Had he spoken the truth? Had the truth been spoken by him? क्या उसके द्वारा सच बोला गया था ?
क्या लुटेरो ने चलती ट्रेन में मुसाफिरों को लूटा था ? Had the robbers robbed passengers in running train? Had passengers been robbed by robbers in running train? क्या मुसाफिरों को चोरों द्वारा चलती ट्रेन में लूटा गया था ?
क्या लुटेरो ने चलती ट्रेन में मुसाफिरों को लूटा था ? Had the robbers robbed passengers in running train? Had in running train passengers been robbed by robbers? क्या चलती ट्रेन में चोरों द्वारा मुसाफिरों को लूटा गया था ?

Passive Voice of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense cannot be changed into Passive Voice.

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