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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-27th Day-P2

ELC-27th Day - SattaaisavaaN Din

27th Day - Today also we will learn about Active Passive. Active Passive is a very important Topic. It is to be understood thoroughly.
Active Voice - Subject is main/supreme e.g. Lion eats goat. Passive Voice - Object becomes main/supreme e.g. Goat is eaten by lion. Knowledge of Active-Passive Voice is must for Good English.

Active Passive

Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense

Rules of Active and Passive voice (mentioned below) shows that helping verb 'Has/Have + Been' is used with 3rd form of verb for making Passive Voice of Present Perfect Tense.

Helping Verb in Passive Voice is used as per the Subject of the Passive Voice (Object of Active voice which becomes Subject of Passive Voice). If the Subject of Passive Voice is plural, Helping Verb of plurals will be used irrespective of the fact that in Active Voice, the subject was Singular.

In case of Negative sentence, 'Not' is added between 'Has/Have' and 'Been' and in case of Interrogative sentence 'Has/Have' comes in the starting of the sentence and place of 'Been' remains before Verb (3rd form)

In all types of sentences - Positive, Negative & Interrogative, 3rd form of verb is used in Passive Voice.
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Active and Passive Voice के नियम (नीचे दिये गये है) दिखाते है की Present Perfect Tense को Passive Voice में बदलने के लिये 'Has/Have + Been' और Verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है ।

Passive Voice में Helping Verb Passive Voice के Subject (Active Voice का Object जो Passive Voice में Subject बनता है) के अनुसार इस्तेमाल होती है । अगर Passive Voice का Subject plural है तो Helping Verb भी plural subject के अनुसार होगी चाहे Active Voice में Subject singular हो । 

Negative sentence में 'Not' को 'Has/Have' और 'Been' के बीच में लगाते है और Interrogative sentence में 'Has/Have' वाक्य के आरंभ में लगाते हैं । 

सभी प्रकार के Passive Voice वाक्यों - Positive, Negative & Interrogative में verb की 3rd form का प्रयोग होता है

Rules

Type of Sentence Rule of making Present Perfect Tense (Active Voice) Rule of converting Present Perfect Tense (Active Voice) to Passive Voice
Positive Subject + Has/Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Negative Subject + Has/Have + Not + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (.) Convert Object to Subject + Has/Have + Not + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (.)
Interrogative Has/Have + Subject + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?) Has/Have + Convert Object to Subject + Been + Verb (3rd form) + By + Convert Subject to Object + Remaining + (?)
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Examples

Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
दुष्टों ने नव-दंपत्ती को लूट लिया है । Rascals have robbed the new couple. The new couple has been robbed by the rascals. नव-दंपत्ती दुष्टों द्वारा लूटे गये हैं ।
बहादुर व्यक्ति ने कई जानें बचाई । The brave person has saved many lives. Many lives have been saved by the brave person. कई जाने बहादुर व्यक्ति द्वारा बचाई गई ।
मैने डीजल से भरे टैंक ट्रक को चलाया है । I have driven a tank-truck filled with diesel. A Tank Truck filled with diesel has been driven by me. डीजल से भरा टैंक ट्रक मेरे द्वारा चलाया गया है ।
मंजुला ने पूनम को घरेलू कामो के बारे में सिखाया है । Manjula has taught Poonam about domestic affairs. Poonam has been taught about domestic affairs by Manjula. पूनम को मंजुला द्वारा घरेलू कामो के बारे में सिखाया गया है ।
उसने फर्श को दो बार पौंछा लगाया है । She has mopped the floor twice. The floor has been moped by her twice. फर्श को उसके द्वारा दो बार पौंछा लगाया गया है ।
उसने पूरी गति से कार्य को खत्म किया है । He has finished the work at full speed. The work has been finished by him at full speed. कार्य पूरी गति से उसके द्वारा खत्म किया गया है ।
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Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice Passive Voice
उसने सारी सामग्री जबॉंग से खरीदी है । He has purchased all materials from Jabong. All materials have been purchased by him from Jabong. सारी सामग्री उसके द्वारा जाबॉंग से खरीदी गई है ।
ऑनलाइन खरीदारी ने बहुत समय बचाया है । Online shopping has saved lot of time. Lot of time has been saved by online shopping. बहुत समय ऑनलाइन खरीदारी के द्वारा बचाया गया है ।
क्या तुमने शिवा पर सीरियल देखा है ? Have you seen the serial on Shiva? Has the serial on Shiva been seen by you? क्या शिवा पर सीरियल तुम्हारे द्वारा देखा गया है ?
क्या उसने उसके व्यवहार के बारे में विस्तार से अपने पिता जी को बता दिया है ? Has he explained in detail about his behaviour to his father? Has his father been explained in detail about his behaviour? क्या अपने पिता जी को उसके व्यवहार के बारे में उसके द्वारा विस्तार से बताया गया है?
क्या उसने अपनी पत्नी को धोखा दिया है ? Has he ditched his wife? Has his wife been ditched by him? क्या उसकी पत्नी को उसके द्वारा धोखा दिया गया है?
हर्ष ने अपनी मम्मी को नई कार उपहार दी है । Harsh has gifted a new car to his mother. His mother has been gifted a new car by Harsh. अपनी मम्मी को हर्ष द्वारा नई कार उपहार दी गई है ।
हर्ष ने अपनी मम्मी को नई कार उपहार दी है । Harsh has gifted a new car to his mother. A new car has been gifted by Harsh to his mother. नई कार हर्ष द्वारा अपनी मम्मी को उपहार दी गई है ।

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