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Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-24th Day-P2

ELC-24th Day - ChaubeesavaaN Din

24th Day - Today we shall learn about Conditional Sentences.
In Conditional Sentences, one part states about certain conditions, and another main part describes about completion or non completion of the condition.

Conditional Sentences

'If Clause' in Past Tense

'If Clause' is in Past Tense using auxiliary verb 'Had' (I had an umbrella), and Main Clause describes about something which was to happen or expected to happen but has not happened, 'Would' is used in Principal Clause.

'If Clause' भूत काल में 'auxiliary verb 'Had' (मेरे पास छतरी थी) से बना हो और 'Main Clause' यह प्रकट करें की कोई बात जो होनी चाहिये थी या जिसके होने की आशा थी, वह नही हुई, तब Principal Clause में 'Would' का प्रयोग करते है । 

Examples

यदि मेरे पास कार होती तो तुम्हें दे देता (परंतु मेरे पास कार नही है) । If I had a car, I would lend it to you (But I have not a car).
यदि पिता जी के पास पैसे होते तो वह मुझे जरूर देते (परंतु पिता जी के पास पैसे नही है) । If papa had money, he would surely give to me (But paapaa has not money).
यदि चोर उनके कब्जे में होता तो वे मुझे जरूर बता देते (परन्तु चोर उनके कब्जे में नही है) । If they had thief in their possession, they would surely inform me (But the thief is not in their possession).
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'If Clause' is in Past Indefinite and Main Clause is also in Past Indefinite. Such sentences indicate that second action has happend habitually/automatically. Ist part -If + Past Indefinite Tense and Main part is also in Past Indefinite Tense

'If Class' past Indefinite में हो और मुख्य भाग भी past Indefinite में हो । ऐसे वाक्य एक के बाद तुरन्त दूसरा कार्य habitually/automatically-आदतन/अपने-आप होने को व्यक्त करते हैं । पहले भाग में If + past Indefinite Tense और मुख्य भाग में भी past Indefinite Tense का प्रयोग करते है । 

Examples

यदि किसी ने उसे छेड़ा, उसने उसे मार दिया । If anybody teased him, he killed him.
यदि टीचर ने उसे टोका तो वह भागा । If teacher interrupted him he ran.
यदि तुमने बच्चो को लंदन में मारा, बच्चे पुलिस के पास गए । If you beat children in London, children went to police.

'If Clause' is in Past Indefinite and Main Clause expresses about future action. In such sentences, past tense of 'If Clause' is not actual past time or past action. 'If Clause' - If + Past Indefinite Tense and Main Clause - ..Would + Verb (Ist Form) used for translating sentence.
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'If Class' past Indefinite में हो और Main Clause फ्यूचर एक्शन को दर्शाये । ऐसे वाक्यों में 'If Clause' में वास्तविक भूत काल का समय या क्रिया (past action) को सूचित नही करते । 'If Clause' में If + past Indefinite Tense और मुख्य भाग में ..Would + Verb (Ist form) का प्रयोग करते हैं । 

Examples

यदि उसने मेरा नाम लिया तो मैं उसे नही छोड़ूंगा (परन्तु वह मेरा नाम लेने का प्रयास नही करेगा) । If he took my name, I would not leave him (But I don’t expect that he will try to take my name).
यदि वह लड़का मेरे कमरे में आया तो मैं ज़ोर से चिल्लाऊंगी । If that boy came into my room, I would shout loudly.
यदि उसने इस उम्र में बाल काले रंगे तो प्रत्येक उस पर हंसेगा । If he dyed his hair black at this age everyone would laugh at him
यदि तुमने मेरे शादी का प्रस्ताव आज स्वीकार नही किया तो मैं जीवन भर शादी नही करूंगा । If you did not accept my proposal of marriage today, I would not marry whole life.

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'If Clause' is in Past Perfect Tense. In such sentences, If + Past Perfect Tense is also used in 'If Clause' and ..Would have + Verb (3rd Form) is used in Principal Clause.

'If Clause' Past Perfect Tense में हो । ऐसे वाक्यों में If + Past Perfect Tense का प्रयोग 'If Clause' में और ..Would have + Verb (3rd Form) का प्रयोग मुख्य Clause में होता है ।

Examples

यदि मैनें अपने आप को नियन्त्रित नही किया होता तो मैं उसे थप्पड़ मार देता । If I had not controlled myself, I would have slapped him.
यदि वे मुझे बुलाते तो मैं शादी में जरूर जाता । If they had invited me, I would have definitely attended the marriage.
यदि उसने मुझे धोखा देने का प्रयास किया होता तो मैं उसे बर्खास्त कर देता । If he had tried to cheat me I would have fired him.
यदि हमारे राजाओ ने कुछ दूरदर्शिता दिखाई होती तो हम दुनिया को अपने प्रभुत्व में ले लेते । If our kings had shown some farsightedness, we would have taken the world in our domination.
अगर मुझे वह सूचना पहले मिल गई होती तो मैं उसे समुंद्र किनारे कभी नही जाने देता । If I had received that news earlier, I would have never allowed him to go to sea shore.
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In the above type of sentences, 'If + Subject + Had....' in 'If Clause' can be replaced by 'Had + Subject....'. The meaning of both remains same.

ऊपर वाले वाक्यों में 'If Clause' में 'If + Subject + Had ....' के स्थान पर 'Had + Subject ....' का भी प्रयोग किया जाता है । दोनो का अर्थ समान होता है ।

Examples

यदि मैनें अपने आप को नियन्त्रित नही किया होता तो मैं उसे थप्पड़ मार देता । Had I not controlled myself, I would have slapped him.
यदि वे मुझे बुलाते तो मैं शादी में जरूर जाता । Had they invited me, I would have definitely attended the marriage.
यदि उसने मुझे धोखा देने का प्रयास किया होता तो मैं उसे बर्खास्त कर देता । Had he tried to cheat me I would have fired him.
यदि हमारे राजाओ ने कुछ दूरदर्शिता दिखाई होती तो हम दुनिया को अपने प्रभुत्व में ले लेते । Had our Kings shown some farsightedness, we would have taken the world in our domination.
अगर मुझे वह सूचना पहले मिल गई होती तो मैं उसे समुंद्र किनारे कभी नही जाने देता । Had I received that news earlier, I would have never allowed him to go to sea shore.

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