Your web browser must have JavaScript enabled in order for this application to display correctly.
An easy Way to learn English
Navigation Bar
Englishkitab >> Learning Course >> ELC-22nd Day-P2

Website by englishkitab : www.boliyeji.com - Listen and Learn English & Hindi speaking through real life conversational topics
Click to read Hindi text of englishkitab.com written with English Alphabets

ELC-22nd Day - Page-2

22nd Day - Today we shall learn about important and most commonly used words - 'It' and 'There'.
When a sentence has no subject, then 'It and There' are used as an Introductory Word.

Use of It And There

When a sentence has no subject, then 'It and There' are used as an Introductory Word. e.g. It is a goat. There is no way. In these examples, Subject is missing and 'It' and 'There' are used as introductory words.

आमतौर पर 'It' का अर्थ 'यह' और 'There' का अर्थ 'वहां' होता है परंतु 'It और There' का प्रयोग सब्जेक्ट के ना होने पर परिचय शब्द (इंट्रोड़क्टरी वर्ड) के रूप में किया जाता है ।  जैसे - यह बकरी है । वहां कोई रास्ता नही है । इन उदाहरणों में कर्ता नही है अतः 'It' और 'There' का प्रयोग परिचय शब्द के रूप में हुआ है । 

Use of There

The word 'There' has a variety of uses. It usually signifies 'in that place / that location'. It is also used as first word (introductory word) in a sentence where it has merely an introductory value and three is no signification of its usual meaning of place.

शब्द 'There' कई प्रकार से इस्तेमाल होता है । इसका आमतौर पर अर्थ है 'वह स्थान' । यह परिचय शब्द के रूप में भी इस्तेमाल होता है जहाँ इसका अर्थ परिचय से ही सम्बंधित होता है वहां उसके आमतौर वाले अर्थ 'वह स्थान' से कोई लेना देना नही होता । 
TOP



'There' is used as introductory word when the verb is intransitive and it is followed by the subject of the sentence. (Intransitive verb is a verb which does not require an object in sentence. Intransitive verb can give complete meaning without an object in sentence for it).

'There' परिचय शब्द के रूप में इस्तेमाल होता है जब क्रिया Intransitive हो और वाक्य का सब्जेक्ट इसके बाद आये । (Intransitive क्रिया वह है जिसको वाक्य में ऑब्जेक्ट की जरूरत नही होती है । Intransitive क्रिया, ऑब्जेक्ट के बिना पूरा अर्थ बता सकती है) 

We use 'There' as a dummy subject with Verb (TO BE form - Is / Are / Was / Were / Will be/ etc) followed by a Noun phrase / clause.

हम 'There'  का प्रयोग एक ड़मी सब्जेक्ट के तौर पर सहायक क्रिया के साथ और संज्ञा वाक्यांश/क्लॉज़ से पहले परिचय शब्द के रूप में करते हैं ।

Word - There
Type of Sentence Rule
Positive There + To be Form of Verb (Is / Are / Was / Were / Will be/ been/ etc) + ......

'There' as a pronoun, is used to introduce a noun or phrase or to talk about things we can see and things that exists.

'There'- सर्वनाम के तौर पर इसका इस्तेमाल, Noun या वाक्यांश या वे वस्तुएं जिन्हें हम देख सकते हैं या जिनका अस्तित्व है, का परिचय करने में होता है । 
TOP



Examples
वहाँ मेरे कमरे में एक कंप्यूटर है । There is a computer in my room.
कार में चार लोग थे । There were four persons in that car.
केवल 15 विद्यार्थी सिनेमा हॉल में थे । There were only 15 students in the cinema hall.
कई लोग इस एलिवेटर में हैं । There are too many people in this elevator.
दोपहर में मीटिंग है । यह पेट्रोल कीमत में वृद्धि पर केन्द्रित करेगी । There is a meeting in the afternoon. It will focus on increase in petrol prices.
हर स्टूडेंट के लिये एक कम्प्यूटर होगा । There will be a computer for each student.
सुबह खूब बरसात हुई थी । There was a lot of rain in the morning.
सैंकड़ो प्रकार के फूल पार्क में हैं । There are hundred types of flowers in the garden.
कम से कम 20 गार्ड रात को सोसायटी में जरूर होने चाहिये । There must be minimum 20 guards at night in the society.
घर पर कोई नही होगा । There will be none at home.
शादी से पहले करने को बहुत काम हैं । There is a lot of work to do before marriage.
कई कारण है उसको प्रोमोशन ना देने के । There are number of reasons for not granting him promotion.
कुछ ही विरोधी है । There are only a few opponents.
कल्पवृक्ष जयपुर में है । There is a Kalpvriksh in Jaipur.
लंदन में कई मन्दिर हैं । There are number of temples in London.
प्रशान्त की रेसेप्शन में 300 से ज्यादा लोग थे । There were more than three hundred people in Prashant's wedding reception.
30 लोग से ज्यादा उसे बधाई देने के लिये लाइन में खड़े थे । There were more than 30 people standing in queue to congratulate him.
कई लोग है जो सरकार की योजनांओं का समर्थन करते हैं । There are many people who support the Government's policies.
यदि कोई व्यक्ति लाल बत्ती को पार करता है, कृपया उसे चेतावनी दें । If there is a person who tries to cross the red traffic light, please warn him.

TOP

'There' as an adverb, is normally used to signify its usual meaning 'in that place / that location'

'There' एड़वर्ब के तौर पर साधारणतः इसका प्रयोग इसके आमतौर पर अर्थ 'वह स्थान' में होता है । 
Examples

क्या तुम वहां कुत्ते के भोंकने की आवाज सुन रहे हो ? Do you hear that dog-barking over there?
क्या मैं वहां बैठ सकता हूँ ? May I please sit there?
कोच चिल्लाया, "वही बाहर रुको!" The coach shouted, "Stay outside there!"
ऑफिस में, उसका कैबिन वहां कोने में था । In the office, his cabin was there in the corner.
नदी किनारे, वह वहां बैठा करता था । On the bank of river, he used to sit there.
यदि तुम धूम्रपान करना चाहते हो, वहां जाओ । If you want to smoke, go there.

Sentences of helping verb 'Has/Have/Had', which denotes possession, can also be written by using 'There':

'Has/Have/Had' वाले वाक्यो को हम 'There' से भी अनुवाद कर सकते है 
Examples

एक सप्ताह में सात दिन है ।- सात दिन है एक सप्ताह में । A week has seven days. - There are seven days in a week.
मेरे पास दो कार है । - दो कार है मेरे पास । I have two cars. - There are two cars with me.
वर्तिका के पास एक तिपाहिया साईकिल है । - एक तिपहिया साईकिल है वर्तिका के पास । Vartika has one tricycle. - There is one tricycle with Vartika.
अव्यन की जेब में कुछ नही है । - कुछ नही है अव्यन की जेब में । Avyan has nothing in his pocket. - There is nothing in Avyan's pocket.
उनके पास कई खिलौने है । - कई खिलौने है उनके पास । They have many number of toys. - There are many toys with them.
TOP


Other Usage of There
Examples

हम यहां जरूर अराम करेंगे और वहां नही । We must rest here and not there.
मेरे बेटे ने नोट किया की चिड़ियाघर में दो सफ़ेद टाइगर थे । My son noted that there were two white tigers in the zoo.
हम वहां से रोड़ के आखिर तक चले, फिर कुछ पल के लिये बैठे । We walked from there to the end of the road, then we sat for a while.
ऑफिस में कुछ लोग है (सही गिनती नही मालूम) There are some people in the office (don't know exact quantity)
फ्रिज में थोड़ा दूध है (सही मात्रा नही मालूम) There is some milk in the fridge. (don't know exact quantity)
कुछ चिल्लर है मेरे पास (सही गिनती नही मालूम) There is some change with me. (don't know exact quantity)
कोई पैसा नही है मेरे पर्स में । There is not any money in my purse. (uncountable noun)
कोई लड़की आज क्लास में नही है । (negative plural में 'Any' का प्रयोग होता है) There are not any girls in the classroom today. (plural noun)
एक भी शादीशुदा लड़की क्लास में नही है ।('Any' singular countable noun के साथ नही आता है) There is not a single married girl in the class. (singular countable noun - Any is not used for singular countable noun)

Pages of Current Lesson

1st 2nd


Links of English Learning Course Lessons
Days 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th
Days 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th
Days 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th

कृपया यहाँ क्लिक करें : इंग्लिश सीखने का सही तरीका जानने के लिए ।


TOP : Home : Essential Grammar : Learning Course : Day To Day English : Vocabulary : Sitemap : Privacy : About:Feedback

All Rights are reserved.