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ELC-20th Day - Page-2

20th Day - Today also we shall learn about Question Making. We have learnt about Yes/No type Questions and Tag Type Question. Now we begin with W-family type Questions.

Question Making-2

Whose

Whose is a possessive pronoun and means like 'his', 'her', 'my, 'our' and 'your'. We use whose to find out if/whether something or someone belongs to something or someone. 'Whose' is used for people, animals and even things. Normally 'Whose' is followed by a noun. e.g. There's a boy in fifth class whose father is a Doctor. (There's a boy in fifth class. His father is a Doctor.)

Whose ( किसका/किसकी/जिसका/जिसकी ) एक पज़ेसिव प्रोनाउन है जिसका अर्थ 'उसका', 'उसकी', 'मेरा', 'हमारा', 'तुम्हारा' के समान होता है । हम 'Whose' का प्रयोग किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु का सम्बन्ध किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु से व्यक्त करने के लिये करते हैं । साधारणतया 'whose' से पहले नाउन आता है । Whose का प्रयोग, आदमी, वस्तु, जानवर और सभी चीजो के लिये करते हैं । 
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Examples

वाक्य Sentence
यह कैमरा किसका है? Whose camera is this?
किसका कुत्ता बाहर भौंक रहा है? Whose dog is barking outside?
किसका मोबाइल फोन बज रहा है? Whose mobile phone is ringing?
मिकी माउस एक कार्टून का पात्र है जिसको बनाने वाला पूरे संसार में प्रसिद्ध हो गया है । Micky Mouse is the cartoon character whose creator has become famous in the whole world.
वहां वैटिंग रूम में एक मरीज है जिसकी टांग टूटी हुई है । There is a patient in the waiting room whose leg is broken.
वह आदमी है जिसकी पत्नी ने झगड़े के बाद उसको छुरा घोंप दिया । He is the person whose wife stabbed him after a quarrel.
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Whose Vs Who's

Who's is a contracted/short form of 'who is' or 'who has'. Apostrophe ( ' ) is used after 'who' to shorten the words 'who is' or 'who has'. The pronunciation of this short form Who's is similar to the sound of 'Whose' which sometimes creates confusion.

Who's  'who is' और 'who has' की शोर्ट फोर्म है । यह शोर्ट फोर्म बोलने मे 'whose' के उच्चारण से लगभग मिलती है जिससे कभी कभी कन्फ्युश़न हो जाता है । 

Examples

वाक्य Sentence
इंडिया का प्रेसिडेंट कौन है? Who's the president of the India?
सेब कौन खा रहा है? Who's eating the apples?
अव्यन, जो आमतौर पर समय का पाबन्द है, आज लेट था । Avyan, who's normally punctual, was late today.
अव्यन, जिसकी यूनिफोर्म ग्रीन है, ने पहला इनाम जीता है । Avyan, whose uniform is green, has won the first prize.
यह किताब किसकी है? Whose book is this?
राज, जिसने टेबल तोड़ी है, आज नदारद है । Raj, who's broken the table, is missing today.
वह, जिसकी टेबल राज तोड़ चुका है, भी आज नदारद है । He, whose table has been broken by Raj, is also missing today.
ओबामा ने लोगों को धन्यवाद दिया जिनके वोट ने उन्हें दूसरी बार जीतने में मदद की और उन लोगों को धन्यवाद दिया जो दिन रात उनके साथ खड़े थे । Obama thanked people whose vote helped him to win twice and also thanked people who stood by him day and night.
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Where

Where is an interrogative and relative adverb. It is used to refer to a place, situation, position, source, etc

Where (कहां/जहां)  एक इंटेरोगेटिव और रिलेटिव एड़वर्ब है । Where का प्रयोग किसी स्थान, स्थिति, हालत, स्त्रोत, आदि को रेफर करने के लिये होता है ।

Examples

वाक्य Sentence
मेरा मोबाइल कहां है? Where is my mobile?
मैं कहां गलत हूँ? Where am I wrong?
तुम उसे कहां मिले? Where did you meet her?
बागवानी पर पुस्तक मैं कहां ढूंढ सकता हूँ ? Where can I find a book on gardening?
मैं नही जानता वह कहां गई है । I do not know where she has gone.
कहां ले जाती है बहस? Where does an argument lead?
बैठो जहां से मैं तुम्हें देख सकूं । Sit where I can see you.
वह चीन जा रहा है जहां तुम पिछले महीने गए थे । He is going to China where you went last month.
उस शॉप को ढूंढना बड़ा मुश्किल था जहां तैराकी का कॉस्ट्युम हो । It was very difficult to find the shop where swimming costume was available.
क्या तुमने उसको बताया की तुम कहां रहते हो? Have you told her where you live?
कपड़े वहां रखो जहां इसे ज्यादा से ज्यादा धूप मिले । Keep the clothes where it gets as much sun as possible.
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When

When is an interrogative & relative adverb and a conjunction. It is used to denote 'at what time', 'during which time', 'just then' 'referring to a time or circumstance', etc.

When (कब/जब)  एक इंटेरोगेटिव और रिलेटिव एड़वर्ब है और उसके साथ एक कंजंक्शन भी है । When का प्रयोग, 'समय', 'समय के अन्तराल', 'अभी-तभी' 'किसी स्थिति', आदी को रेफर करने में प्रयोग होता है । 

Examples

वाक्य Sentence
हम इंडिया वापस कब जायेंगे? When shall we go back to India?
मैं तुम्हारे पिता जी से कब मिल सकता हूँ? When can I see your father?
मुझे maths बहुत पसंद था जब मैं स्कूल में था । I loved mathematics when I was in school.
क्या तुम 5 मिनट दे सकते हो जब तुम्हें सुविधा हो? Can you spare five minutes when it is convenient to you?
इसे पेंट करने की तकलीफ क्यों करते हो, जब तुम्हें यह घर छोड़ना है । Why bother to paint it when you are to leave this house?
जब वह छोटा था, वह हमेशा बीमार था । When he was young, he was sick all the time.
उसके साथ तुम्हारा चक्कर कब से चल रहा है? Since when has your affair been going on with her?
मुझे यह आसानी से मिल गया जब मैने इसको देखना शुरू किया । I found it easily when I started looking for it.
तुम्हारी अगली परीक्षा कब है? When is your next exam?
एक समय था जब लोगो को दरवाजे पर ताला नही लगाना पड़ता था । There was a time when people didn't have to lock their doors.
तुम अगली नीलामी की तारीख कब पक्की कर रहे हो? When are you fixing the next date of auction?

We will learn about other types of question in next day's lesson.

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