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ELC-15th Day - Page-2

15th Day - Today we shall learn about Future Perfect Tense. Sentences expressing action which will happen/occur in future and will be completed in future, come under Future Perfect Tense.

Future Perfect Tense - Positive

Future Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative

Future Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative
Type of Sentence Rule
Interrogative Will/Shall + Subject + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)
Interrogative & Negative Will/Shall + Subject + Not + Have + Verb (3rd form) + Object + (?)

Interrogative sentence of Future Perfect Tense starts with 'Will/Shall'. 3rd form of Verb is applied in all types of sentences of Future Perfect Tense. In Interrogative & Negative Sentences, 'Not' comes between 'Subject' and 'Have'.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स के प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य 'Will/Shall' से शुरू होते है । वर्ब की तीसरी फ़ॉर्म इसके सभी प्रकार के वाक्यो में प्रयोग होती है । प्रश्नवाचक और नकारात्मक वाक्यो में 'Not' को 'कर्ता' और 'Have' के बीच में लगाते हैं ।



Future Perfect Tense - Interrogative क्या परीक्षा से दो हफ़्ते पहले वे पूरा कोर्स दोहरा चुके होंगे?
Person Will/Shall Subject Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person Shall I have revised full course before two weeks of the exam?
Ist Person -Plural Shall we have revised full course before two weeks of the exam?
2nd Person Will you have revised full course before two weeks of the exam?
3rd Person -Singular Will he/she/it/Ram have revised full course before two weeks of the exam?
3rd Person -Plural Will they/boys have revised full course before two weeks of the exam?

Future Perfect Tense - Interrogative And Interrogative & Negative क्या हम सोमवार तक नये मकान में शिफ्ट कर चुके होंगे?
Person Will/Shall Subject Not + Have + Verb (3rd Form) Object
Ist person Shall I not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
Ist Person -Plural Shall we not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
2nd Person Will you not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
3rd Person -Singular Will he/she/it/Ram not have shifted to a new house by Monday?
3rd Person -Plural Will they/boys not have shifted to a new house by Monday?

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Examples

Will the boys have gone to their school? क्या लड़के अपने स्कूल जा चुके होंगे?
Will Raj not have caught the snake by now. क्या राज अब तक साँप नही पकड़ चुका होगा?
Will Dogs not have barked at him. क्या कुत्ते उस पर नहीं भौंक चुके होंगे?
Will Harshad Bhai not have invited Mr Rawat on her granddaughter's birthday? क्या हर्षद भाई ने अपनी पोती के जन्म दिवस पर मिस्टर रावत को आमंत्रित नही किया होगा?
Shall we not have learned English within two months? क्या हम दो महीने में इंग्लिश नही सीख चुके होंगे?
Shall we have revised complete course by April? क्या अप्रेल तक हम पूरा कोर्स दोहरा चुके होंगे?
Will he not have switched on the light by now? क्या अब तक वह लाइट चालू नही कर चुका होगा? 

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Future Perfect tense is also used for such action which we understand that he already knows about. Such actions are not actually action of future but as per the assumptions of the subject, it shows the possibility of happening of the action.

फ्यूचर पर्फेक्ट टेन्स का प्रयोग उन कार्यों के बारे में भी किया जाता है जो हम समझते हैं की उसका ज्ञान उसे पहले से ही होगा । इस तरह कई वाक्य किसी फ्यूचर एक्शन को व्यक्त नही करते बल्कि कर्ता की कल्पना के आधार पर अन्य की जानकारी हो चुकने की संभावना बताते है ।

Sentence वाक्य
You will have heard about the new governor of Reserve Bank of India तुमने रिज़र्व बेंक ऑफ इंडिया के नये गवर्नर के बारे में सुना होगा ।
You will not have listened to her plans. तुमने उसके प्लान के बारे में नही सुना होगा ।
He will have apprised about the incident by this time. इस घटना के बारे में वह अब तक बता चुका होगा ।
Raajaa will have gathered all the informations about Rani. राजा ने रानी के बारे में सारी सूचनांएइकट्ठी कर ली होगी ।



More Examples

अब तक गीता मेट्रो स्टेशन पहुंच चुकी होगी । Geeta will have reached metro station by now.
अंकित भी सो चुका होगा । Ankit will have also slept.
कल तक चोर उसकी गाड़ी बेच चुके होंगे । The thieves will have sold his car by tomorrow.
वे आपस में अपना अपना हिस्सा भी बांट चुके होंगे । They will also have distributed their shares among themselves.
क्या वे अपने अगले शिकार को ढूंढ रहे होंगे? Will they be hunting for their next prey?
शाम तक वह FIR के लिये अर्जी जमा कर चुका होगा । He will have filed an application for FIR by evening.
गीता अपने साथ स्वीट लाई होगी । Geeta will have brought sweet with her.
कल सुबह तक वे गणपति पूजा की तैयारी कर चुके होंगे । They will have made preparations for GaNpati puja by tomorrow morning.
ट्रेन निकल गई होगी । The train will have left.
हीना रविवार शाम तक अपना काम समाप्त कर चुकी होगी । Heena will have finished her work by Sunday evening.
क्या 2015 तक भारतीय सरकार सारी आर्थिक सहायता ( सब्सिड़ी ) देना बंद कर चुकी होगी? Will the Indian Government have stopped all the subsidies by 2015
क्या ऑयल कंपनियां पेट्रोल के रेट जबर्दस्त रूप से कम कर चुकी होगी? Will the oil companies have reduced the petrol prices drastically?
इंडिया की अर्थव्यवस्था भी उस समय तक चमक चुकी होगी । Indian economy will also have shined by that time.
नेता भी लोगो की तरक्की करने की चाहत समझ चुके होंगे । Leaders will also have understood the people's desire to progress.
2015 तक मैने काफी पैसो की बचत कर ली होगी । I shall have saved enough money by 2015.
अव्यन तब तक स्कूल में दाखिला ले चुका होगा । Avyan will have taken admission in school by then.
2016 के अंत तक शान्तुर वापस इंडिया आने का निर्णय ले चुका होगा । By the end of 2016, Shantur will have taken the decision to come back to India.
तब तक गुरु जी 2020 की योजना बना चुके होंगे । By then, Guru jee will have planned for 2020.


Master knowledge of Tense by viewing a sentence in all Tenses with their Rule and Brief explanations in Hindi & English in VIEW A SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE

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