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ELC-12th Day - Page-3

12th Day - We shall learn about Past Perfect Continuous Tense and Double Past. Sentences to express a continued or ongoing action that started in past and is continued until sometime in past, come under Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Double Past

There are sentences which have one incomplete sentence (subordinate clause) related with a complete sentence (principal clause) and both pertain to Past Tense. When two sentences of Past Tense come in one Sentence, rule of Past Indefinite Tense will apply to the incomplete sentence and rule of Past Tense (as per type of the sentence) will be applied to the complete sentence.

e.g. When I reached office, it was raining

The above sentence has two sentences. Incomplete sentence is "when I reached office" and it is formed with the rule of Past Indefinite Tense. The Complete sentence is "It was raining". The complete sentence pertains to Past Continuous Tense hence it is formed as per the rule of Past Continuous Tense.

जब एक वाक्य में भूतकाल के दो वाक्य आ जाए तो अधुरे वाक्य को पास्ट इन्डेफिनेट टेन्स के रूल से बनाते हैं और पूरे वाक्य को पास्ट टेन्स के उस रूल से बनाते हैं जिस टेन्स में वह वाक्य दिया हुआ हो ।

जैसे - जब मैं ऑफिस पहुंचा तो बरसात हो रही थी ।

इस वाक्य में अधुरा वाक्य है "जब मैं ऑफिस पहुंचा" - इसे पास्ट इन्डेफिनेट टेन्स के रुल से बनाया है । पूरा वाक्य है " बरसात हो रही थी" । यह वाक्य पास्ट कंटिन्युअस टेन्स का है अतः इसे पास्ट कंटिन्युअस टेन्स के रूल से बनाया है ।
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When there are two sentences of Past Tense in one sentence, We can write either 'first incomplete sentence and then complete sentence' or 'first complete sentence and then incomplete sentence.

e.g. When I reached station, he was waiting for me.
He was waiting for me when I reached station.

When we write incomplete sentence first before complete sentence, we use 'Comma(,)' after the incomplete sentence and then start the complete sentence. It is good to write complete sentence first.

जब दो पास्ट टेन्स के वाक्य एक वाक्य में हो, हम पहले अधुरा वाक्य लिख सकते हैं या पहले पूरा वाक्य लिख सकते हैं।

जैसे - जब मैं स्टेशन पहुंचा, वह मेरा इंतजार कर रहा था ।
वह मेरा इंतजार कर रहा था जब मैं स्टेशन पहुंचा ।

जब अधुरा वाक्य पहले लिखा जाता है तो अधुरे वाक्य के अंत में कोमा (,) का प्रयोग करते हैं । पूरे वाक्य को पहले लिखना अच्छी अँग्रेज़ी माना जाता है ।
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More Examples

Sentence वाक्य
The gatekeeper had closed the gate when Avyan reached school. जब अव्यन स्कूल पहुंचा तो गेटकीपर गेट बंद कर चुका था ।
Before Rajni went to Mumbai, she had done all shopping. रजनी के मुम्बई जाने से पहले, वह पूरी शॉपिंग कर चुकी थी ।
Madhur had taken bath before Vartika awoke. वर्तिका के जागने से पहले मधुर नहा चुकी थी ।
The thieves were eating in Ajmer when Police reached Jaipur. जब पुलिस जयपुर पहुंची, चोर अजमेर में खाना खा रहे थे ।
He was getting nervous before he reached to the Custom Officer. कस्टम ऑफिसर के पास जाने से पहले, वह घबरा रहा था ।
Had you finished your work before the teacher came? क्या टीचर के आने से पहले, आप अपना कार्य समाप्त कर चुके थे ?
Had Harshad Bhai come home before Bhavin arrived? क्या भाविन के आने से पहले, हर्षद भाई घर आ चुके थे ?
Had Heena bought an umbrella, before it rained. क्या वर्षा होने से पहले, हिना छतरी खरीद चुकी थी ?
He was crying for help, before he drowned. उसके डूबने से पहले, वह मदद के लिए चिल्ला रहा था ।
He was doing business, before he joined the service. नौकरी करने से पहले, वह व्यापार कर रहा था ।
The train had already departed before he reached station. उसके स्टेशन पहुंचने से पहले, ट्रेन पहले ही जा चुकी थी ।
I was just mailing you a SMS when your phone came. मैं तुम्हें SMS भेज ही रहा था कि तुम्हारा फोन आया ।
She was just locking the door when Shantur arrived. वह दरवाजे को ताला लगा ही रही थी जब शांतुर आया ।


Master you knowledge of Tense by viewing a sentence in all Tenses with their Rule and Brief explanations in Hindi & English in VIEW A SENTENCE IN ANY TYPE OF TENSE

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