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Englishkitab >> Essential Grammar >> Rule of Ing

Rule of 'ING'

We add 'Ing' with Verb when it is used in Continuous Tense and Perfect Continuous Tense of Present, Past & Future Tenses and for making present Participle e.g. Cheating, playing, running. General Rule of adding 'Ing' with verb is as under:

Hum 'Ing' ko verb kay saath jodtay hai jab iska istemaal present Participle bananay main aur Present, Past va Future Tense kay Continuous Tense aur Perfect Continuous Tense main hota hai e.g. cheating, playing, running. Verb kay saath 'Ing' jodnay ka rule is prakaar hai:

Rule One - When a vowel comes just before the last Alphabet of the Verb, for adding 'Ing', we just write last Alphabet twice/double and then write 'Ing' at the end of the Verb.

Rule One - Jab kisi verb kay ant waley Alphabet sey ekdam pehlay agar ek vowel ka prayog ho to aisay Verb main 'Ing' lagaatay samay ant walay Alphabet ko double karkay 'Ing' lagaatay hai.

Examples
Dig = Digging
Run = Running
Cut = Cutting
Shut = Shutting
Map = Mapping

Rule Two - When a vowel comes just before the last Alphabet of the Verb and the last Alphabet is 'x', 'y' or 'w', then Rule number One does not apply and only 'Ing' is added with the Verb.

Rule Two - Jab kisi verb kay aakhiri Alphabet sey ekdam pehlay ek vowel ho kintu aakhiri Alphabet 'x', 'y' ya 'w' ho to upar diya hua rule One lagu nahi hota hai apitu Verb kay turant baad kewal 'Ing' jod diya jata hai.

Examples
Play = Playing
Box = Boxing
Tax = Taxing
Draw = Drawing
Blow = Blowing

Rule Three - When two vowels come just before the last Alphabet of the Verb, for adding 'Ing', we just add 'Ing' at the end of the Verb.

Rule Three - Jab kisi verb kay aakhiri Alphabet sey ekdam pehlay ek sey jyada vowel ka prayog ho to aisay Verb kay ant main kewal 'Ing' lagaatay hai.

Examples
Lead = Leading
Load = Loading
Cheat = Cheating
Meet = Meeting
Pool = Pooling

Rule Four - When the last Alphabet of the Verb is 'E', then 'Ing' is added after removing last Alphabet 'E'.

Rule Four - Jab kisi Verb ka last Alphabet 'E' ho to 'E' ko kaatkar 'Ing' likha jata hai.

Examples
Write = Writing
Rise = Rising
Vote = Voting
Come = Coming
Leave = Leaving

Rule Five - The above four rules are applicable in about 95% cases. You should make a list of balance 5% verbs which are not covered in the above rules.

Rule Five - Upar walay charo rules lagbhag 95% shabdo par lagu hotai hai. Jin 5% verb par yaha rule lagu nahi hotay hai unki alag list banani chahiye.

Examples
Dye = Dyeing
Lie = Lying
Open = Opening
See = Seeing
Be = Being




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